|This article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2011)|
|Nickname(s): City of Marvel(Limestone)|
|• Body||Municipal Corporation|
|• Mayor||Rukmani Barman (BJP)|
|Elevation||304 m (997 ft)|
|• Density||350/km2 (900/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Telephone code||91 7622|
|Vehicle registration||MP 21|
Katni (also known as Murwara (Katni) or Mudwara) is a town on the banks of the Katni River in Madhya Pradesh, India. It is the administrative headquarters of Katni District. It is located in the Mahakoshal Region of Central India. The city is 90 km (56 mi) away from the Divisional Headquarters of the region, Jabalpur. It is one of largest railway junction in India and has the largest railyard and biggest diesel locomotive shed in India. The city has an abundance of lime and bauxite. It also has Ordnance Factory Katni of the Ordnance Factories Board which maufactures products for the Indian Armed Forces.
- 1 History
- 2 Transport
- 3 Culture
- 4 Administration
- 5 Demographics
- 6 Education
- 7 Historical Places
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Katni is a conglomeration of culture from three different cultural states viz. Mahakausal, Bundelkhand, and Baghelkhand. There are three different stories which may explain why Katni is called Mudwara.
Katni junction has a half circular Mode (turn) from the wagon yard. So people call it “Mudwara”.
Another story is that there was a village called Modwar that was given as a reward for the bravery of cutting Mud (heads). A similar story is that the British government used to cut the heads of Baggies and Plunderers, and hang them in squares to instill fear in the population and consequently to deter them from criminal activity.
Source: Google maps
One of the prime junctions of Indian railways, Katni Junction is located in the heart of the rail network. Trains come to Katni from five directions(Bina, Jabalpur, Satna, Bilaspur, Sinrauli), as it is situated at the junction of trunk rail routes connecting north-south and east-west. The public has access to almost all parts of the country directly through mail express trains from Katni. The railways are now establishing a new zone at Jabalpur. There are more than 5,000 railway employees at Katni. Katni is the second biggest diesel locomotive shed of the Indian Railways, housing 200 locomotives. It also has an electric locomotive shed holding 100 locomotives. Katni is home to Indian railway's biggest wagon repair shop. A complete new township has been developed at Katni Junction.
Five Railway Station located at Katni
Katni is advantageously situated near the central Indian coal fields and the power plants of North and Western India. The nearest airport is at Jabalpur, around 100 kilometres (62 mi) distant. Daily flights are available to Delhi and Mumbai.
Katni is connected by road to Varanasi, Nagpur, Bhopal, Raipur, Allahabad, Hyderabad, Bangalore. The Longest National Highway of India i.e. National Highway 7 (India) run through the city.National Highway 78 (India) start from Katni connecting Shahdol, Ambikapur end to Gumla
Dussehra is the biggest annual festival in Katni district. The effigy of Ravana made here ranges in height from 43 to 49 metres (141–161 ft) in Kymore Every Year. People from far away visit during this time to witness the event. Burning of the effigy was temporarily discontinued due to safety reasons, but has now resumed.
Katni has had the status of town since the beginning of the 20th century. Development work of the town started under British rule. On 28 May 1998 Katni was declared as a district.
As of the[update] 2011 census, Murwara (Katni) municipality had a population of 221,875. The municipality had a sex ratio of females per 1,000 males and 11.3% of the population were under six years old. Effective literacy was 87.43%; male literacy was 92.77% and female literacy was 81.64%.
There is the Head Office of Maharishi Mahesh Yogi Vedic University.There are more than Thirteen Higher Secondary schools in Katni. Out of them, more than five are affiliated with the Central Board of Secondary Education and provide education to upper higher secondary level. Colleges offering graduate and postgraduate courses are also present in Katni. The Krishi Vigyan Kendra Kannur agricultural university is situated on the NH 7, inside Piprodh village, where along with the transfer of technology and assessment of technology, the quality seed production program of different field crops is undertaken. One Technical Polytechnic Diploma College and many ITI College present in katni.
- Govt. Tilak Rashtriya College
- Govt. Girls College
- Govt. Polytechnic College
- Govt. ITI College Katni
- SYNA Hotel Management
- Katni Degree College
- Katni Arts and Commerce College
- Tavite College
- Sacred Hearts English Medium Higher Secondary School
- Kendriya Vidyalaya No.1 Ordnance Factory Katni
- St. Paul's Senior Secondary School, Katni
- Delhi Public School
- Bardsley Higher Secondary School
- DAV Public School
- SYNA International School
- Nalanda Higher Secondary School,civil line
- Maharshi Vidya Mandir
- Saraswati Higher Secondary School
- HD Memorial School
- Toddlers academy(first english speaking school in katni)
In Bahoriband there are many monuments, there is a statue of Jain Teerthankar Shantinath 12 feet high. There is some scripture of 12th century are written in lower part of the statue telling about Maha samantadhipati Golhneshwar Rathore who was the ruler under Kalchuri’s kings Gayakarndev. There are so many statues in north of the village, near the reservoir a stone has been found in which 10 incarnation of Lord Vishnu has been painted. There are so many statues of Narayan Shaishayani (bed) and sun (Lord Surya). There is a Cemetery of Oliya Peeran Peer and a village is associated with it. Nowadays Bahoriband has gained more importance and fame after stone park.
Roopnath is a pilgrimage place 3 km from Bahoriband there is PANCHLINGI(five lingam) statue of lord SHIVA and called as Roopnath. It is situated in the corner of Camore mountain, There are three KUNDS (tanks) one above another on a standing stone water is present all the time the lowest one is called called SITA KUND and next above it is known as LAXMAN KUND and the topmost is known for LORD RAM. There is verse painted on big stone that may be of 232B.C. some order like is written in Pali language for following Buddhism. It describes that 2½ years of Ashoka following Buddhism but nothing has been achieved so far. One km from ROOPNATH in Sindursi village four old statues have been removed from mountain this place is known as JOGINI KA STHAN (place of Jogini) it is believed that the statues are linked with king JAINAT or SARVANTH of 6th century.
33 km from Katni, Vijaraghavgarh is a historical place, which is 350 m high from sea level the prince PRAYAGDAS has formed a new town near MAUJA, PADRIYA and LOHARWADA and constructed a temple of lord VIJAYRAGHAV and the fort was named as VIJAYRAGHAVGARH . The new town has been given the same name. At one side of this fort a court is available, Other side is of a beautiful building known as RANGMAHAL there are stone at various part of the fort designed from KARITALAI. This is the most beautiful fort in katni district.
Earlier Tigavan was part of Bahoriband. People says earlier name of Tigavan village was Jhanjhangad. Aalha and Udal has fought with king of Madhogarh in Tigavan. A Temple of 1500 year old can be seen here, which is a flat ceiling temple. There is a statue of lord Narsing and on other side of wall there is Jain Treethankars Parshvanath statue. There are so many statues in north of the village, near the reservoir a stone has been found in which 10 incarnation of Lord Vishnu has been painted. There are so many statues of Narayan Shaishayani (bed) and sun (Lord Surya). There is a Cemetery of Oliya Peeran Peer and a village is associated with it. Nowadays Bahoriband has gained more importance and fame after stone park.
In the ancient time this locality was known very much scattered it was around in 24 miles of diameter. The old name of this town was PAHUPAVTI/PUSHPAWATI NAGRI (Town) now a day so many scriptures are found in this area there were so many temples the only remain is VARAH temple of lord VARAH (Vishnu). There is one more temple around one km from Bilhari of lord Shiva it also known as fort of Kamakandla in the ancient building archeologist have found a big scripture on rock on a stone which is currently in Nagpur museum in which description of Culchuries king Kayoorvarsh is found and about construction of temple for lord NOHLESHWAR(lord Shiva) second part of scripture describes visiting of Somnath temple in Gujrat for victory of Laxmanraj son of princes Nohla. King laxman has made the big reservoir in Bilhari. The above dynasty has decline very fast and Chandel kings has captured the area after ward. Pan(Tambul) of Bilhary is very much famous the reference is found in famous scripture Aeana Akhbari.
Vaishnav Devi Mandir, Sungarha Vaishnav Devi temple is situated 15 km away from Katni on Katni-Panna road. This place is quite famous, and people from various places come to visit temple. This is also a favourite picnic destination for Katni people.
- "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (pdf). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 March 2012.
- "Official Website". http://katni.nic.in/.