Katni

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This article is about the municipality in Madhya Pradesh, India. For its namesake district, see Katni District.
Katni
कटनी
Mudwara Katni
City
Nickname(s): City of Marvel (Limestone)
Katni is located in Madhya Pradesh
Katni
Katni
Location in Madhya Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 23°29′N 80°24′E / 23.48°N 80.40°E / 23.48; 80.40Coordinates: 23°29′N 80°24′E / 23.48°N 80.40°E / 23.48; 80.40
Country  India
State Madhya Pradesh
District Katni
Government
 • Type Elected
 • Body Municipal Corporation
 • Mayor Shashank Shrivastava(C.A.) (BJP)
Elevation 304 m (997 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 221,875
 • Density 350/km2 (900/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 483501
Telephone code 07622
Vehicle registration MP-21
Website katni.nic.in

Katni (also known as Murwara (Katni) or Mudwara) is a town on the banks of the Katni River in Madhya Pradesh, India. It is the administrative headquarters of Katni District. It is in the Mahakoshal Region of Central India. The city is 90 km (56 mi) from the Divisional Headquarters of the region, Jabalpur. It is one of largest railway junctions in India and has the largest railyard and second biggest diesel locomotive shed in India.[2] The city has an abundance of lime and bauxite. It also has the Ordnance Factory Katni of the Ordnance Factories Board which manufactures products for the Indian Armed Forces. [3]

History[edit]

Katni is a conglomeration of culture from three cultural states — Mahakausal, Bundelkhand, and Baghelkhand. There are three stories which may explain why Katni is called Mudwara.

Katni junction has a half circular Mode (turn) from the wagon yard. So people call it “Mudwara”.

Another story is that there was a village called Modwar that was given as a reward for the bravery of cutting Mud (heads).

A similar story is that the British government used to cut the heads of baggies and plunderers, and hang them in squares to instill fear in the population and deter them from criminal activity.

Transport[edit]

Railways[edit]

Katni railway station

One of the prime junctions of Indian railways, Katni Junction is in the heart of the rail network. Trains come to Katni from five directions (Bina, Jabalpur, Satna, Bilaspur, Singrauli), as it is at the junction of trunk rail routes connecting north-south and east-west. The public has access to almost all parts of the country directly through mail express trains from Katni. The railways are now establishing a new zone at Jabalpur.

There are more than 5,000 railway employees at Katni. Katni is the second biggest diesel locomotive shed of the Indian Railways,[4] housing 200 locomotives. It has an electric locomotive shed holding 100 locomotives. Katni is home to Indian railway's biggest wagon repair shop. A complete new township has been developed at Katni Junction.

Railway stations[edit]

Katni is advantageously situated near the central Indian coal fields and the power plants of North and Western India. The nearest airport is at Jabalpur, around 100 kilometres (62 mi) distant. Daily flights are available to Delhi and Mumbai.

Road[edit]

Katni is connected by road to Varanasi, Nagpur, Bhopal, Raipur, Allahabad, Hyderabad, and Bangalore. The longest national highway of India, i.e., National Highway 7 runs through the city. NH 78 starts from Katni connecting Shahdol, Ambikapur and to Gumla.

Culture[edit]

Dussehra is the biggest annual festival in Katni district. The effigy of Ravana made here ranges in height from 43 to 49 metres (141–161 ft) in Kymore near Vijayraghavgarh every year. People from far away visit to witness the event. Burning of the effigy was temporarily discontinued due to safety reasons and has resumed.

Hotels[edit]

Katni has recently become home to some good hotels. Namely, The Arindum, Hotel Grand Meridian, Hotel Samdareeya, Hotel Raj Palace.

Hotel-raj-palace.jpg
Raj palace.jpg

Administration[edit]

Katni has had the status of town since the beginning of the 20th century. Town development work started under British rule. On 28 May, 1998, Katni was declared as a district.

Tehsils

1. Katni Mudwara 2. Vijayraghavgarh 3. Bahoriband 4. Dheemarkheda 5. Badwara 6. Rithi 7. Barhi

Sub Tehsils

1. Sleemnabad 2. UmariaPan

Legislature Assembly

1. Rithi Mudwara 2. Vijayraghavgarh 3. Bahoriband 4. Badwara

Demographics[edit]

As of the 2011 census, Murwara (Katni) municipality had a population of 221,875.[1] The municipality had a sex ratio of 921 females per 1,000 males[citation needed] and 11.3% of the population were under six years old.[1] Effective literacy was 87.43%; male literacy was 92.77% and female literacy was 81.64%.[1]

Education[edit]

There are more than 13 higher secondary schools in Katni. Out of them, more than five are affiliated with the Central Board of Secondary Education and provide education to upper higher secondary level. Colleges offering graduate and postgraduate courses are present in Katni.

The Krishi Vigyan Kendra Katni agricultural university is on the NH 7, inside Piprodh village, where along with the transfer of technology and assessment of technology, the quality seed production program of field crops is undertaken.

One Technical Polytechnic Diploma College and many ITI College are present. Katni has the head office of the Maharishi Mahesh Yogi Vedic University.

Colleges[edit]

Other Colleges.

Govt. Degree College Vijayraghavgarh

Kymore Science College Vijayraghavgarh

Sramdham Arts & Commerce College Kymore, Vijayraghavgarh

Govt. Degree College Barhi

Govt. Degree College Bahoriband

Govt. Degree College Sleemnabad

Govt. Degree College Badwara

Rajiv Gandhi Arts & Commerce College Rithi

Govt. Degree College Dhimarkheda

Swami Dwarka das College Dhimarkheda

Govt. Degree College Umaria Pan

Schools[edit]

  • JPV DAV Public School, Katni
  • Jovial Public School, Sant Nagar, Katni
  • Sacred Hearts English Medium Higher Secondary School
  • Syna International School
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya NKJ (Railway)
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya No.1 Ordnance Factory Katni
  • St. Paul's Senior Secondary School, Katni
  • Delhi Public School
  • Bardsley Higher Secondary School
  • DAV ACC Public School
  • Nalanda Higher Secondary School, Civil Lines
  • Maharshi Vidya Mandir
  • HD Memorial School
  • Toddlers academy
  • Kids Care Higher secondary school
  • Saraswati higher secondary school
  • Jain Higher Secondary School
  • Chicago Public School,Mansarover Colony
  • Sindhi H.S. School, Nai Basti
  • Govt. Excellence School Madhav Nagar Katni

Historical Places[edit]

Bahoriband[edit]

In Bahoriband there are many monuments; there is a statue of Jain Teerthankar Shantinath 12 feet high. There is some scripture of 12th century are written in lower part of the statue telling about Maha Samantadhipati Golhneshwar Rathore who was the ruler under Kalchuri’s kings Gayakarndev.

Tigavan Temple[edit]

Earlier Tigavan was part of Bahoriband. People say the earlier name of Tigavan village was Jhanjhangad. Aalha and Udal fought with king of Madhogarh in Tigavan. A 1500-year-old temple of 1500-year-old can that has a flat ceiling. There is a statue of lord Narsing and on other side of wall there is Jain Treethankars Parshvanath statue.

There are many statues in north of the village. Near the reservoir a stone has been found in which 10 incarnation of Lord Vishnu has been painted. There are many statues of Narayan Shaishayani (bed) and sun (Lord Surya). There is a cemetery of Oliya Peeran Peer and a village is associated with it. Nowadays, Bahoriband has gained more importance and fame after stone park.

Roopnath Temple[edit]

Roopnath is a pilgrimage place 3 km from Bahoriband. There is Panchlingi (five lingam) statue of Lord Shiva and called Roopnath. It is in the corner of Camore mountain, There are three kunds (tanks) one above another on a standing stone. Water is present all the time. The lowest is called Sita Kund, next above it is Laxman Kund, and the topmost is known for Lord Ram.

There is verse painted on big stone that may be of 232 B.C. Some order like is written in Pali language for following Buddhism. It describes that 2½ years of Ashoka following Buddhism but nothing has been achieved so far. One km from Roopnath in Sindursi village four old statues have been removed from mountain this place is known as Jogini Ka Sthan (place of Jogini). It is believed that the statues are linked with King Jainat or Sarvanth of the 6th century.

Vijayraghavgarh[edit]

33 km from Katni, Vijaraghavgarh is a historical place, which is 350 m high from sea level. Prince PRAYAGDAS had formed a new town near MAUJA, PADRIYA and LOHARWADA and constructed a temple of lord VIJAYRAGHAV and the fort was named VIJAYRAGHAVGARH.

The new town has been given the same name. At one side of this fort a court is available, Other side is of a beautiful building known as RANGMAHAL. There are stone at parts of the fort designed from KARITALAI.

Vijayraghavgarh Sharda Devi Temple[edit]

Maa sharda temple is located ITI Road (Karitalai Road) Vijayraghavgarh.

Bilhary[edit]

In the ancient time this locality was known very much scattered it was around in 24 miles of diameter. The old name of this town was PAHUPAVTI/PUSHPAWATI NAGRI (Town). Today many scriptures are found in this area. There were many temples the only remain is VARAH temple of lord VARAH (Vishnu). There is one more temple around one km from Bilhari of lord Shiva it also known as fort of Kamakandla archeologist have found a big scripture on rock on a stone which is currently in Nagpur museum in which description of Culchuries king Kayoorvarsh is found and about construction of temple for lord NOHLESHWAR (lord Shiva) second part of scripture describes visiting of Somnath temple in Gujarat for victory of Laxmanraj son of princes Nohla.

King laxman has made the big reservoir in Bilhari. The dynasty has decline very fast and Chandel kings has captured the area after ward. Pan(Tambul) of Bilhary is very much famous the reference is found in famous scripture Aeana Akhbari.bilahri is a puspawati nagari

Sungarha Vaishnav Devi Mandir[edit]

Vaishnav Devi Mandir, Sungarha Vaishnav Devi temple is 15 km from Katni on Katni-Panna road. This place is quite famous, and people come to visit it. This is a favourite picnic destination for Katni people.

Badera Chaturyug Dham[edit]

Chaturyug Dham, Badera Chaturyug Dham is located 8n Badera Village of distt katni. Charturyug Dham is 15 km from katni in maihar road (N.H.7). Around 15 yrs old this temple is located 2 km off the road. This is nicely explains the governing of the four yugs of Hindu mythology. The first flore is dedicated to 'Satyug', the second is 'Treta yug', the third one is 'Dwapar yug' and the top is 'Kaliyug'. The temple is high enoughvand offers to get nice panoramic view of the village and nearby area

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (pdf). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 March 2012. 
  2. ^ "Official Website". http://katni.nic.in/.  External link in |publisher= (help);
  3. ^ http://ofbindia.gov.in/units/index.php?unit=ofkat
  4. ^ http://irsme.nic.in/files/DieselShedVishakh-02072010.pdf

External links[edit]