Katoch

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Katoch is the name of a Rajput clan belonging to the Chandravanshi Kshatriya lineage.[1] Their traditional areas of residence was Trigarta Kingdom, Jalandhar, Multan i.e. the areas of residence are mainly in the Indian states of Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh and Jammu. Katoch Dynasty is an offshoot of Trigratraje Dynasty.

The Katoch dynasty[2] is considered to be the oldest surviving royal dynasty in the world.[3] They first find mention in the Hindu epics Ramayana and Mahabharata and the second mention is in the recorded history of Alexander the Great's war records. One of the Indian kings who in the time of Alexander ruled the area near Kangra is said to be a Katoch king. In Mahabharata they are referred to as Trigarta who fought Arjuna. Raja Susarma Chandra fought Pandava Arjuna. He was an ally of Duryodhana and sworn enemy of the Virat and Matsya Kingdoms.

The katoch's were also known for their sword skills.

In past centuries, they ruled several princely states in the region. The originator of the clan was Rajanaka Bhumi Chand.[4] Their famous Maharaja Sansar Chand II was a great ruler. The ruler Rajanaka Bhumi Chand Katoch founded the Jwalaji Temple in Himachal Pradesh.

The history of the Katoch Dynasty has been showcased at the Maharaja Sansar Chand Museum adjoining the Kangra Fort. The Museum provides audio guides for the fort and the museum.

The Maharaja Sansar Chandra Museum was officially inaugurated by His Holiness the Dalai Lama on the 6th of April 2011.

Timeline of the Katoch dynasty[edit]

C. 4300 BC

C. 3000 BC

C. 1500 BC

  • (234th) Raja Susarma Chandra fought against the Pandavas in the Mahabharata war
  • He also built the fort of Kangra

C. 900 BC

C. 500 BC to

C. 275 BC

C. 100 AD

  • The Rajas of Kangra fought numerous battles against the Rajas of Kannauj

C. 470 AD

  • The Rajas of Kangra fought the Rajas of Kashmir for the supermacy in the hills

C. 643 AD

  • Hsuan Tsang visited the Kingdom of Kangra (then known as "Jallandhra")

C. 853 AD

  • Rajanaka Prithvi Chandra's reign

C. 903 AD

  • Coinage of Kangra from this period can be seen in the Himachal Museums

C. 1009 AD

C. 1170 AD

  • Kingdom of Kangra is divided into two parts, Kangra and Jaswan
  • The Katoch armies fight against Muhammad of Ghor (the lands of Jalandhar were lost c. 1220 AD)

C. 1341 AD

  • Rajanaka Rup Chandra's looting expeditions take him till the gates of Delhi
  • The Katoch kings fight Taimur
  • Tughlaqs grant the title of Mian to the Katoch Royal Family

C. 1405 AD

  • Further division of the Kangra State; state of Guler is founded

C.1450 AD

  • Further Guler State is also divided and a new State namely Siba is found.

C. 1526 - 1556 AD

  • Sikandar Shah Suri and the Rajas of Kangra combine their forces against Akbar but are defeated
  • The Raja of Kangra renders his alliance to Emperor Akbar and in return in given the title of Maharaja
  • Later, the Mughals attack the Kangra Fort 52 times but fail to capture it.

C. 1620 AD

  • Mughals occupy the fort of Kangra

C. 1700 AD

C. 1750 AD

C. 1775 AD to C. 1820 AD

  • The golden age of Kangra under Raja Sansar Chand-II
  • Kangra miniature painting flourishes under him

C. 1820 AD

1846 AD

  • The Sikhs cede Kangra to the HEIC
  • The Katoch kings fight for their independence against the British. Raja Pramod Chand loses the battle and is taken prisoner to Almoda – he dies there

1924 AD

  • Maharaja Jai Chandra of Kangra-Lambagraon is granted the title of "Maharaja" as a hereditary distinction, and a salute of 11 guns as a personal honour.

1947 AD

  • Maharaja Dhruv Dev Chandra (last ruler of Kangra-Lambagraon) merges his estate with the Dominion of India, when India gains Independence

1972 AD

  • The Princely Order is abolished in India and the Rajas of Kangra-Lambagraon become ordinary citizens
  • The district of Kangra is merged with the newly founded state of Himachal Pradesh.Siba State is simply incorporated in India.

Raja Ram Singh of Sibaia clan defeated the army of Maharaja Ranjit Singh and re-captured the fort of Siba State. The British attempts to conquer the Siba State were thwarted by Sunder Singh (Raja Sahib), brother of Raja Ram Singh. Sunder Singh also established Tantpalan domense. Tantpalan domense, presently, falls in District:Hoshiarpur(Punjab)

Branches of Katoch Dynasty[edit]

  • Jaswal- Raja Naginder Singh is the present head of Jaswal Clan
  • Guleria- Raja Brijesh Chand Guleria is the present head of Guleria Clan
  • Sibaia- Raja Dr.Ashok K.Thakur is the present head of Sibaia Clan
  • Dadhwal- Kanwar Deepak singh is the present head of Dadwal Clan

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ H.A. Rose, A glossary of the tribes and castes of the Punjab and North-West India, Volume 1, page 263
  2. ^ Mark Brentnall, The Princely and Noble Families of the Former Indian Empire: Himachal Pradesh, page 312
  3. ^ Dharam Prakash Gupta, "Seminar on Katoch dynasty trail". Himachal Plus. On line.
  4. ^ Mark Brentnall, The Princely and Noble Families of the Former Indian Empire: Himachal Pradesh, page 312