Katowice Airport

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Katowice Wojciech Korfanty Airport

Katowice Airport im. Wojciecha Korfantego
Katowice Airport.svg
Terminal A outside.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OperatorGTL Górnośląskie Towarzystwo Lotnicze
(Upper Silesian Aviation Group)
Serves
LocationPyrzowice, Poland
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL304 m / 997 ft
Coordinates50°28′27″N 019°04′48″E / 50.47417°N 19.08000°E / 50.47417; 19.08000 (Katowice International Airport)Coordinates: 50°28′27″N 019°04′48″E / 50.47417°N 19.08000°E / 50.47417; 19.08000 (Katowice International Airport)
Websitekatowice-airport.com
Map
KTW is located in Silesian Voivodeship
KTW
KTW
Location of airport in Silesian Voivodeship
KTW is located in Poland
KTW
KTW
KTW (Poland)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
09/27 3,200 10,499 Concrete
Statistics (2019)
Number of passengers4,843,889[5]
Passenger change 18-191,8% Increase
Aircraft movements41,606[5]
Movements change 18-1912,1% Increase
Cargo (tonnes)20,123[6]
Cargo change 18-198,5% Increase
Sources: Polish AIP at EUROCONTROL[7]
Statistics from Office of Civil Aviation[8]

Katowice Wojciech Korfanty Airport (Polish: Katowice Airport im. Wojciecha Korfantego) (IATA: KTW, ICAO: EPKT) is an international airport, located in Pyrzowice, 30 km (19 mi) north of Katowice, Poland. The airport has the 4th-biggest annual passenger flow in Poland. Katowice Airport is the biggest Polish airport in terms of leisure traffic.[9] It is also the second biggest airport in the country in terms of cargo traffic.

It operates a variety of charter, regular and cargo flights. Long-haul flights are operated from Katowice to Varadero in Cuba, Bangkok in Thailand, Cancún in Mexico, Malé in Maldives and to Puerto Plata as well as Punta Cana in Dominican Republic by LOT's Boeing 787s Dreamliner. The airport has the tallest Air Traffic Control Tower[10] and the second longest runway[11] in Poland. Katowice Airport is the Poland's only airport with more than one passenger terminal and the airport with the biggest number of based airlines.[12] The Katowice Airport serves the most industrialised region in Poland, one of the most urbanised areas of Europe.

13 million inhabitants are estimated to live within 100 km of Katowice Airport. This is a larger catchment area than many airports in Europe.[13]

History[edit]

Early years[edit]

The current location of Katowice Airport was initially used by German soldiers. In 1940, the Luftwaffe began construction of an airbase in the meadows around Pyrzowice. The Germans built three stone and concrete airstrips, with runway lengths varying from 1,000 to 1,500 meters, all of which around 50 meters wide. The airbase was used for handling of military aircraft flying from the inner part of the German Reich, carrying supplies to troops on the Eastern Front.

In the final phase of World War II, the Messerschmitt Me 163 Komet rocket-powered aircraft were tested here. Following General Ernst Udet's (a Luftwaffe flying ace) death in 1941, the airfield was named Udetfeld.

From 1945 to 1951, Soviet soldiers were stationed at the airbase. In the early 1950s, the Soviets handed the airbase over to the Polish Air Force. It was then used by the 39th Fighter Regiment, created on 17 April 1951.

A new runway was built in 1964. Soon after, the airbase Pyrzowice became host to its first-ever regular passenger traffic, when on 6 October 1966, the first plane of LOT Polish Airlines took off for Warsaw. By the end of 1969, a small passenger terminal was built (550 m2), together with a taxiway and an apron.

This runway has since been replaced by a new adjacent one (3,200m), completed in May 2015.

Development since the 1990s[edit]

In 1991, Górnośląskie Towarzystwo Lotnicze (GTL) (English: Upper Silesian Aviation Group) was created. On 27 March 1993, the German carrier Lufthansa flew to Frankfurt Airport, thus inaugurating the first international service.

Passenger Terminal B officially opened in 2007, followed by (arrivals only) Terminal C, in 2015.

Future plans include the construction of a completely new passenger terminal, a further expansion of the recently built cargo terminal, and a new railway connection.[14]

On 3 October 2018, the airport celebrated 4 million passengers travelling through Katowice in a single year.[15]

Facilities[edit]

Terminals A & B at night
The longest viewing terrace in Europe in Terminal B (now under renovation)

Terminals[edit]

The airport features three passenger terminals A, B (departures) and C (arrivals) as well as a cargo terminal. Operations at terminal B, much bigger than A, started on 30 July 2007. Terminals are capable of handling about 8.0 million passengers annually.[16] Terminal A handles all non-Schengen departure flights, while Terminal B handles all Schengen departure flights. The operation of the newest Terminal C building (arrivals) started on 27 June 2015. This terminal handles all arrival flights from non-Schengen and Schengen zones. Terminal B (departures to Schengen area) is under renovation (2019-2021) and is going to become one of the most modern terminals in Europe.[16] The longest airport observation deck in Europe was able to be found inside the previous version of Terminal B. Terminal Cargo is located at the east of the airport and is one of the newest cargo terminals in the World.[17] New passenger Terminal D is under planning such as new Cargo Terminal and Cargo City. New Terminal D will be equipped with jetways etc. There is a chance for Kiss&fly zone and VIP Terminal in the future.[18]

Runway and apron[edit]

The airport's concrete runway is 3200m by 45m, oriented 9 and 27, and can accommodate aircraft as large as Boeing 747 or Boeing 777, albeit not at MTOW.[19] Heavy transports such as Antonov An-124[20] or An-225[21][22] have been noted to land there on occasions. The airport uses new generation Instrument Landing System, a Thales 420 system.[23] The runway at Katowice Airport is the second longest runway in Poland, behind Warsaw Chopin's runway 15/33. 33 new aircraft stands are under construction as of now. They will be located between taxiways E (Echo) and H (Hotel), to the west from main apron, between main and cargo apron and to the east from cargo apron.

The airport has two plane spotter stands, one at the western end of the airport's runway. The platforms are free to access.[24]

Air traffic control tower[edit]

The new ATC tower has been already built. It is the tallest ATC in Poland and in Eastern Europe, at 46 meters height.[25]

Hotel[edit]

A "Moxy by Marriott" hotel has been built recently, and is now ready to accept guests. It is located right next to the main parking entrance (P1), very close to the terminals. A direct bridge connection to the terminals is also planned.[26]

Car parks[edit]

There are three main car parks at Katowice International Airport. P1, P2 and P3. P1 is the nearest parking connected direct with terminals. P2 is located to the east to P1. P3 is next to P2 and it is a guarded car park. There is a lot of private car parks next to the airport.[27] The airport offers 3922 own parking spaces.[28] There is also Premium Parking at Katowice International Airport. P1 will be expanded to 1842 parking spaces by January 2019. It will be expanded to the west.[29]

Maintenance[edit]

At the airport are two main active maintenance buildings. The first serves mainly Wizz Air's aircraft, and the modern one belongs to Linetech and serving all other airlines. The second building is serving mainly Embraer's aircraft from all over the World.
Wizz Air's new maintenance hangar is under construction and is going to be ready in the end of 2021.[30] The building will be operated only by Wizz Air and will be serving Airbus A321neo aircraft.[31]
Due to the great conditions of the airport (long runway, huge three airport aprons, many stands), Katowice Airport is home to 9 based airlines. This is the biggest number of based airlines in East-Central Europe.[12]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights to and from Katowice:

AirlinesDestinations
Aegean Airlines Seasonal charter: Kalamata[32]
Bulgaria Air Seasonal charter: Burgas[33]
Buzz Seasonal charter: Chania,[32] Corfu,[32] Heraklion,[32] Izmir,[34] Kefalonia,[32] Kos,[32] Larnaca,[34] Preveza/Lefkada,[32] Rhodes,[32] Tenerife–South,[34] Thessaloniki,[32] Tirana,[34] Zakynthos[32]
Corendon Airlines[35] Antalya
Seasonal: Heraklion, Rhodes
Electra Airways Seasonal charter: Antalya,[36] Fuerteventura,[36] Hurghada,[36] Olbia,[36] Palma de Mallorca,[36] Zakynthos[36]
Enter Air[37] Antalya,[34] Fuerteventura,[34] Hurghada,[38] Marsa Alam,[38] Sal[34]
Seasonal: Dubai–International
Charter: Zanzibar[34]
Seasonal charter: Bodrum,[34] Burgas,[38] Chania,[38] Corfu,[38] Enfidha,[38] Funchal,[34] Girona,[38] Gran Canaria,[34] Kos,[38] Lanzarote,[34] Málaga,[34] Mombasa,[34] Paphos,[34] Rhodes,[38] Sal,[34] Sharm El Sheikh,[38] Skiathos,[32] Tenerife–South,[34] Tirana,[34] Thessaloniki, Varna[34]
European Air Charter Seasonal charter: Burgas
Israir Airlines Seasonal charter: Tel Aviv[39]
LOT Polish Airlines[40] Warsaw–Chopin
Seasonal: Barcelona,[41] Burgas,[41] Corfu,[42] Heraklion, Kalamata,[41] Lamezia Terme,[43] Olbia,[42] Palma de Mallorca,[41] Podgorica,[44] Preveza/Lefkada,[41] Rhodes,[41] Samos,[41] Varna[41]
Charter: Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi,[45] Cancún,[46] Puerto Plata,[46] Varadero[45]
Seasonal charter: Antalya,[47][48] Bodrum,[48] Catania,[48] Girona,[48] Izmir,[48] Kefalonia,[32] Malé,[36] Mytilene,[48] Mostar,[49] Ohrid,[48] Podgorica,[48] Punta Cana,[34] Tirana,[48] Tivat[48]
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich[50]
Nouvelair Seasonal charter: Djerba,[45][51] Monastir[51][45]
Pegasus Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya[38]
Ryanair[52] Alghero, Athens, Bergamo, Bologna, Catania, Cologne/Bonn, Dortmund, Dublin, Edinburgh (resumes 30 October 2022), London–Stansted, Manchester, Oslo,[53] Paphos, Venice[54]
Seasonal: Trapani
Smartwings Seasonal: Catania,[55] Chania,[55] Corfu, Dubrovnik,[55] Faro, Girona, Kalamata, Larnaca, Podgorica, Rhodes, Split[55]
Seasonal charter: Antalya,[36] Chania,[36] Funchal,[36] Gran Canaria,[36] Heraklion,[36] Izmir,[36] Kavala,[36] Kos,[36] Marsa Matruh,[36] Palermo,[36] Tirana,[36] Zakynthos[36]
SunExpress Antalya[56]
Seasonal: Izmir[56]
Ukraine International Airlines Seasonal charter: Monastir[57]
Wizz Air[58] Athens, Barcelona, Bergamo, Bergen, Bristol, Catania, Cologne/Bonn, Doncaster/Sheffield, Dortmund, Eindhoven, Funchal,[59] Kharkiv, Kutaisi, Larnaca, Liverpool, London–Luton, Naples, Reykjavík–Keflavík, Rome–Fiumicino, Sandefjord, Stavanger, Stockholm–Skavsta, Tel Aviv, Tenerife–South, Zaporizhzhia[60]
Seasonal: Abu Dhabi,[61] Alghero, Burgas, Castellón, Corfu, Dubai–International,[61] Fuerteventura, Ibiza,[59] Málaga,[62] Malmö, Malta, Palma de Mallorca, Podgorica, Split, Tirana[59]

Cargo[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
ASL Airlines Belgium Gdańsk[63] Liège,[64] Riga[63]
ASL Airlines Ireland Cologne/Bonn,[65] Hannover,[66] Leipzig/Halle,[67] Milan-Malpensa,[66] Paris-Charles de Gaulle,[65] Stuttgart[65]
Bluebird Nordic Cagliari,[68] Leipzig/Halle,[67] Liège,[65] Milan-Malpensa,[69] Paris-Charles de Gaulle,[68] Timișoara,[65] Warsaw-Chopin[65]
Cargoair Leipzig/Halle,[65] Liège,[65] Venice[70][71]
DHL Aviation Leipzig/Halle[67]
Farnair Europe Cologne/Bonn[65]
FedEx Express Timișoara,[72] Warsaw-Chopin[72]
Lufthansa Cargo Frankfurt,[3] Košice,[73] Lviv,[73] Ostrava,[73] Vienna[3]
UPS Airlines Cologne/Bonn,[71] East Midlands[69]
West Atlantic Cologne/Bonn,[74] Leipzig/Halle,[65] Oslo[65][75]

Statistics[edit]

Terminal B seen from Car Park P1
Wing view before departure with Terminal B
Terminal A seen from Car Park 1
View from spotter's platform for runway 09
Katowice International Airport's weather radar
Terminal B interior
Terminal B interior seen from level 2
Logo of the airport on Terminal B
Ryanair Boeing 737-800 with Katowice Airport sticker on fuselage

Passenger figures[edit]

Annual passenger traffic at KTW airport. See source Wikidata query.
Year[76][77] Passengers Air operations Cargo (tonnes)
1996 Increase 68,203 Increase 3,586 Increase 596
1997 Increase 101,054 Increase 4,290 Increase 1,241
1998 Increase 150,724 Increase 6,256 Increase 1,365
1999 Increase 170,230 Increase 6,510 Increase 1,522
2000 Decrease 168,126 Increase 8,710 Increase 7,745
2001 Increase 180,015 Increase 9,441 Decrease 2,196
2002 Increase 202,267 Decrease 8,389 Increase 2,886
2003 Increase 257,991 Increase 9,375 Increase 3,548
2004 Increase 622,612 Increase 13,803 Increase 5,038
2005 Increase 1,092,358 Increase 16,222 Increase 5,636
2006 Increase 1,458,411 Increase 21,014 Increase 6,113
2007 Increase 1,995,914 Increase 24,489 Increase 7,795
2008 Increase 2,426,942 Increase 27,030 Increase 12,703
2009 Decrease 2,364,613 Decrease 26,206 Decrease 6,543
2010 Increase 2,403,253 Increase 26,770 Increase 11,195
2011 Increase 2,544,124 Increase 29,259 Increase 12,138
2012 Increase 2,550,848 Increase 30,584 Decrease 10,546
2013 Increase 2,554,198 Decrease 28,990 Increase 10,877
2014 Increase 2,695,732 Decrease 28,771 Increase 16,269
2015 Increase 3,069,279 Increase 31,727 Decrease 16,119
2016 Increase 3,221,261 Decrease 31,013 Increase 17,674
2017 Increase 3,892,941 Increase 34,725 Increase 17,779
2018 Increase 4,838,149 Increase 41,007 Increase 18,547

The most frequent scheduled routes[edit]

The most frequent scheduled routes in 2020[78][58][79][80][81]
Rank Airport Scheduled flights per week Airlines
1 Germany Dortmund 29 Ryanair (11), Wizz Air (18)
2 Poland Warsaw-Chopin 28 LOT Polish Airlines (28)
3 Germany Frankfurt 21 Lufthansa (21)
4 United Kingdom London-Luton 17 Wizz Air (17)
5 Norway Oslo-Torp 13 Ryanair (6), Wizz Air (7)
6 United Kingdom London-Stansted 9 Ryanair (9)
7 Germany Munich 7 Lufthansa (7)
8 Netherlands Eindhoven 7 Wizz Air (7)
9 Bulgaria Burgas 7 Ryanair (2), Wizz Air (5)
10 Germany Cologne/Bonn 6 Ryanair (3), Wizz Air (3)
11 Italy Milan-Bergamo 6 Ryanair (3), Wizz Air (3)
12 United Kingdom Doncaster/Sheffield 5 Wizz Air (5)

The busiest routes[edit]

Busiest routes in 2018 (x1000)[82]
Rank Airport Passengers handled Top carriers
1 United Kingdom London-Luton Increase 374,0 Wizz Air
2 Germany Dortmund Increase 259,0 Wizz Air
3 Turkey Antalya Increase 216,0 Corendon, Enter Air, Freebird, LOT Polish Airlines, Onur Air, Ryanair Sun, Small Planet Airlines Poland, SmartWings, Smartwings Poland, SunExpress, Tailwind
4 Netherlands Eindhoven Increase 142,0 Wizz Air
5 Poland Warsaw Chopin Increase 142,0 LOT Polish Airlines
6 Germany Frankfurt Increase 134,0 Lufthansa
7 Bulgaria Burgas Increase 132,0 BH Air, Bulgaria Air, Bulgarian Air Charter, Enter Air, Ryanair Sun, Small Planet Airlines Poland, SmartWings, Smartwings Poland, Wizz Air
8 Egypt Hurghada Increase 117,0 Air Cairo, Enter Air, FlyEgypt, Small Planet Airlines Poland, Smartwings Poland
9 Greece Heraklion Increase 99,0 Aegean Airlines, Ellinair, Enter Air, Ryanair Sun, Small Planet Airlines Poland, SmartWings, Smartwings Poland
10 Greece Rhodes Increase 79,0 Aegean Airlines, Enter Air, Ryanair Sun, Small Planet Airlines Poland, SmartWings, Smartwings Poland

Ground transportation[edit]

By car[edit]

The airport is accessible to/from Katowice and other cities of the region like Częstochowa, Kraków, Opole, Gliwice, Kielce, Oświęcim, Tychy via Expressway S1, national road 86, A4 motorway, national road 94, national road 78 and A1 motorway. The airport is also served by taxis, Uber and iTaxi. The airport offers 3,922 parking spaces.[28] There is also premium parking at Katowice International Airport. Car rentals are available.[83]

By bus[edit]

Bus stops are next to Terminal C and Terminal B. They are about 10 metres from the terminal entrance.

By rail[edit]

There is currently no passenger rail link to the airport, although construction of a new railway connection has begun recently, in 2021. There will be new railway routes from Siewierz and Tarnowskie Góry to Katowice International Airport. Both of the two connections currently being built will allow for either direct, or indirect passenger traffic between Katowice main railway station and the adjacent cities of the GZM (Silesian urban area) and serve the airport's passengers on a daily basis.[95]

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On 27 October 2007, a Boeing 737-800 chartered by the UN destroyed dozens of approach and landing lights whilst making a low approach.[96] No passengers were injured, but the approach lights were out of service for three weeks.
  • On 12 March 2013, Travel Service Flight 7137, a Boeing 737, overran the runway while landing in snowy weather just before 19:00, its nose wheel getting stuck approximately 3 feet deep into the soft ground 20 metres beyond the runway. None of the 176 passengers and 6 crew suffered any injuries, but the airport was closed until 17:00 the next day until the aircraft was recovered and taxied away.[97]
  • On 5 July 2014 Lufthansa Flight 1360, operated by Lufthansa Cityline landed on the new runway, then under construction. No passengers ended up injured, and the aircraft later made a technical flight to land on the original runway, as the new runway still had not been joined by taxiways to the taxiway system.[98]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]

Media related to Katowice-Pyrzowice Airport at Wikimedia Commons