Katras

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Katras

Katrasgarh
Neighbourhood in Dhanbad
Katras is located in Jharkhand
Katras
Katras
Location in Jharkhand, India
Coordinates: 23°48′N 86°17′E / 23.8°N 86.28°E / 23.8; 86.28Coordinates: 23°48′N 86°17′E / 23.8°N 86.28°E / 23.8; 86.28
Country India
StateJharkhand
DistrictDhanbad
Elevation
201 m (659 ft)
Population
 (2001)
 • Total51,182
Languages
 • OfficialHindi, Urdu
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Websitedhanbad.nic.in

Katras (also known as Katrasgarh) is a neighbourhood in Dhanbad city in Dhanbad Sadar subdivision of Dhanbad district jn Jharkhand state, India.

Overview[edit]

An hour drive from district headquarters Dhanbad, Katras is a place where people from various religions and communities live together. Katras comes under Dhanbad municipal corporation and it is very popular for its Durga puja celebration. It is located on the bank of river Katri and is surrounded by coal mines. Lilori temple is the most important place of interest in Katras. The chief source of income is primarily from the coal mines of Bharat Coking Coal Limited (BCCL), headquartered in Dhanbad City. However, as income from BCCL has been reduced and new sources of income have not evolved, residents of Katras have begun to migrate to other cities. It is well connected by railway and road. Nearest functional airport is in Ranchi, the capital city of Jharkhand.It has now become a dying city due to loss of Connectivity by railways and due negligence of political leaders. Qamar Takhyan, a well known novelist of Urdu and English also lives here. His novel The Heart of Amber was published in England, USA and in India in October 2014.

History[edit]

Katras is named after river "Katri", which flows by Katras. It is believed that people have been living in Katras for more than 200 years. And later around 1900 AD many migrants from Bihar came and settled here, as Bihar was suffering from a severe famine. Many coal mines were founded in Katras under British Rule. New Railway route from Asansol to Ranchi via Dhanbad and Katras was created in 1894 and Katras Railway station was founded around 1900 (later it was re-established in 1953 and came to be known as Katrasgarh).

Geography[edit]

Cities, towns and locations in the western portion of Dhanbad Sadar subdivision in Dhanbad district
MC: Municipal Corporation, CT: Census Town, N: Neighbourhood, R: Rural/ Urban centre
Owing to space constraints in the small map, the actual locations in a larger map may vary slightly

Location[edit]

Katras is located at 23°48′N 86°17′E / 23.8°N 86.28°E / 23.8; 86.28.[1] It has an average elevation of 201 metres (659 feet).

Note: The map alongside presents some of the notable locations in the area. All places marked in the map are linked in the larger full screen map.

The earlier census town was combined with other urban units to form Dhanbad Municipal Corporation in 2006.[2][3]

Katras is part of Ward No. 1 of Dhanbad Municipal Corporation.[4]

The region[edit]

The region shown in the map is a part of the undulating uplands bustling with coalmines. The Damodar River, the most important river of the Chota Nagpur Plateau, flows along the southern border. The area beyond the Damodar was once a part of Dhanbad district but was transferred to Bokaro district in 2001. Bulk of the area shown in the map is part of Baghmara (community development block). In Baghmara CD block 67% of the population lives in rural areas and 33% in urban areas. The block has 18 census towns, all marked in the map, except Rajganj, which is shown in the map for the northern portion of the district. A portion of Dhanbad Municipal Corporation extends into the region till around Katras. The places in the DMC area are marked as neighbourhoods. Most of the DMC area is shown in the maps for the central and southern portions of the district. Four operational areas of BCCL operate fully within the region – Katras Area, Govindpur Area, Barora Area and Block II Area. The Mahuda sector of Western Jharia Area also operates in the region.[5][6][7]

Neighbourhoods[edit]

There are several ponds in Katras such as Raja Bandh, Rani Bandh, Guhi Bandh and others. Most of them, however, are under threat. Telia Bandh- once a big pond is now almost extinct and same is the story of all other ponds. Population burden has created the problem of space and ponds are losing out to residential buildings. This has made the water crisis more acute. Nowadays two water tanks are made near Katras College.

Katri River near Lilori Temple

Katri Nadi is a small river which passes through the area. It discharges its water into the Damodar.It is a river of rainy season so most of the time water level is very low. In Chhapulwa a small dam has been made from where water is supplied to the railways.

Green Park- A Green Park has been developed by Katras Area, BCCL which is in 3.02 Ha area over overburden dump located at keshalpur.The primary purpose for developing the park is restoring the ecology at mining area. This park is full of greenery where one can enjoy in the lap of nature. Several swings are established in this park,temple is also there.

Demographics[edit]

In 2011 India census,[8] Katras had a population of 51,182. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Katras has an average literacy rate of 84%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 87%, and female literacy is 76%. In Katras, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Government and public services[edit]

Civic administration[edit]

Katras was established as a notified area in the Dhanbad district along with Jharia, Chatatand, and Sindri. In 2006, the notified areas were merged into the district under the jurisdiction of the Dhanbad Municipal Corporation (DMC).[9] It is allocated to the Baghmara development block of the district and has its own police station.[10][11]

Utility services[edit]

Water is a perennial problem. Electricity has the same story of want and deficiency. A water project started several years back[when?] never fructified because of corruption and mis- management. The water tower constructed in Dak Bunglaw was of such low quality that experts dreaded storing water in it lest it be sagging, endangering lives of local people. Thousands of hand pumps and submersibles have led to a severe fall in ground water level. People carrying water in plastic containers on bicycles is a common sight.

Economy[edit]

The chief source of income is BCCL, the coal company. It employs a large number of people.

Collieries functioning in the Katras Area of BCCL are: Salanpur, Angarpathar, Keshalpur, Ramkanali, Ramkanali OC, West Mudidih, Gazlitand, Keshalpur OC, Katras Chot and East Katras.[12]

Agriculture is under-developed. The farm size is tiny and ancient tools are used. BCCL is now retrenching and closing its mines because of the depletion of the coal in the mines. The new professions which have emerged in the area are Coal-theft[13] and Dalali (Agent-ship). So in the early morning you would find hundreds of cycle-wallah carrying coal illegally to the Nischitpur Railway Halt, from where it would be carried to Gaya and other areas by Passenger trains(sic). In fact some times passengers would not be allowed to board the train so that more of the coal could be carried. Administration- both local and railway maintains a deathly silence. Railway Police people can be seen to take money from coal-thieves as their cut. Dalali is an important vocation here with increasing number of people taking to it. Mind you this is not honest. What they do is, in connivance with the local administration charge money from the public for all govt. services. You would end coughing-up several times the actual amount for getting any service. So there are Dalals of local Police Station, of Block development office, of SDM's office, of DM's office. If one goes otherwise than through Dalals, the work would be completed in such a long time that one would start feeling that perhaps the whole system is dead and this when one has made many rounds of the office.

The main reason for emergence of such vacations is the lack of employment opportunities. People either migrate outside the state or open some retail shop or start coal-theft or Dalali. Now because of the lack of any other source of money in the area most of the newly opened retail shops fail miserably. Though Lilori Temple economy provides employment to some people, even there some people have captured Public infrastructure illegally and charge money from visitors for using them.

The economy is crumbling and unless some new source of income is provided the day is not far when it would be counted as sub-Saharan area.

Once a bustling market, now shops remain empty most of the time. There are many cloth merchants ranging from Retailers to wholesalers. There are many hard coke plants as well. Apart from these there is a Rajhans Refactories providing employment to over 2500 people. During Durgapuja festival and Lagan (marriage season) retail market gets some impetus but until new source of employment emerges, it will remain a town in slumber. Recently some private insurance companies have opened their offices.

Transport[edit]

Buses are main mode of travel, along with automobiles, trackers[jargon] and tongas.

There were three railway stations: Katrasgarh, Nichitpur and Tetulmari. Katrasgarh uptill 15 June 2017 and Tetulmari have express line stops, while Nichitpur is just a halt station. Katrasgarh was also on a loop line and extincted because of fragile underground.Due to closure of Dhanbad - Chandrapura Rail line a huge population has lost connectivity from the entire world, moreover the road connecting Katras to Dhanbad is facing danger of being closed and will be closed soon.

Education[edit]

Park Lilori Park- wall without base

Katras College was established at Katras Bazar in 1964. Affiliated with the Binod Bihari Mahto Koylanchal University, it offers courses in arts, science and commerce.[14][15]

  • Holy Mother's Academy. Affiliated with CBSE Board. Play-XII
  • De Nobili School, Sijua. Affiliated with ICSE Board. Class I-XII
  • Saraswati Shishu Mandir. Affiliated with CBSE Board. K-XII
  • Delhi Public School.
  • Katras Public School.
  • Competition Public School.
  • DAV High School. Jharkhand State Education Board.
  • DAV Middle School. Jharkhand State Education Board.
  • DAV Mahila Maha Vidyalaya. Jharkhand State Education Board.
  • G. N. M. High School Jharkhand State Education Board.
  • Kako Hill School ICSE Board. Lkg-X. (one of the oldest school situated on Rajganj-Katras road near Maheshpur and Kanko)

Culture[edit]

Katras is known for its Durga Puja festival. Holi, Diwali, Eid al-Fitr are also celebrated with much fun-fare. The Katras Hatia is a local village market that runs every Sunday.[16]

Lilori Temple[edit]

Road to Lilori Temple
Lilori Temple Park

Located 5 km from the city center, Lillori Sthan Mandir (Lilori Temple) is an old temple of Goddess Lilori, family deity of local landlord (Raja), who is nowadays considered an incarnation of Goddess Kali.[17] Goddess Lilori, typical to Bengal and neighboring area, is non-vegetarian and daily hundreds of animals are sacrificed on her altar.

The temple is one of the few natural picnic spots in the area, even though tree felling and government neglect has ruined much of the greenery. It also attracts thousands of people daily in the summer for weddings. It neighbours local Smashan, where dead bodies are burnt, and sometimes give it a mystic colour.

Bharatiya Club[edit]

It is one of the oldest library in India which solely carries books from Hindi literature. The library was started by the freedom fighter Late Shri Ramanand Khaitan, who was an ardent political activist during the Indian freedom movement.[when?] During the British days, the library used to be the melting pot of pro-freedom think-tanks and activists. Today, the library serves the people of Katras and its surrounding areas, filling a necessary void in providing access to Hindi literature. It has a free and open access reading room which gets a regular supply of newspapers, magazines and journals.[where?]

Raksha Kali Temple[edit]

This is a small temple of Raksha Kali in Hatiya(a small vegetable market). Raksha Kali is a very fierce form of Kali and she was supposed to be invoked only when there were calamities like war, epidemic etc. That is why the gate of the temple remains closed all the time. Earlier the gate of the temple were opened only either for the annual Mid-night Puja or on certain occasions like Kali-Puja. Nowadays its gate is being opened daily. This is perhaps either because the Local land-lord (Raja) who was earlier responsible for upkeep of this temple is not able to continue this or because the Pandit who opens its gate expects to earn some money in the way of Aarti-offering etc. Once a year the Goddess is worshiped at mid-night. Offering of some animal is given and Khichdi is cooked with the animal meat. After everybody present there has taken the Prasad of this Khichdi, all remaining materials are buried in front of the temple. There are very small temples of Goddesses like Shitla in the backside of this temple.

Rakshash Temple[edit]

The oldest and most important structure by archaeological and historical point of view is Rakshas temple of Jhinjhi Pahari. This temple is made of stones only and not even small amount of any other, including sand, material has been used to join them. It is understood to be at least six hundred years old. It is said that a similar temple was situated just in front of the Lilori Temple which fell in an earth quack and that these two temples signified some treasure. There is a myth that the temple was constructed by Lord Vishwakarma in a single night.

Healthcare[edit]

Despite having a fairly large population, Katras is lacking any quality medical facilities. There are several hospitals though none have any facilities for dealing with emergencies on a 24-hour basis. Katras has no facility for intensive care and the local diagnostic centers are considered unreliable. There is rampant medical corruption with doctors recommending unnecessary tests and costly medicines. Underlined tests(in the prescription) are not supposed to be carried out. They are only for cheating patients. Tilatand Hospital of BCCL used to be a centre for better treatment, now-a-days it remains empty most of the times. This when there is no better alternative. Most people either go to Dhanbad (for minor treatments) or Bokaro(for major treatment) and finally to CMC, Vellore for better treatment. The lone train from Dhanbad to Allepey(that too taken away) was full of patients. There is an urgent need of a good hospital either in private sector or in public sector.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Katras". Fallingrain.com. Retrieved 22 June 2012.
  2. ^ "Dhanbad Municipal Corporation". DMC. Retrieved 15 October 2017.
  3. ^ "Dhanbad District Map". Physical Map of Dhanbad. Jharkhand Government. Retrieved 15 October 2017.
  4. ^ "Dhanbad Municipal Corporation". प्रादेशिक निर्वाचन क्षेत्रों की सूची (in Hindi). Jharkhand Government. Retrieved 19 October 2017.
  5. ^ "District Census Handbook Dhanbad" (PDF). Series 21, Part XIIA, pages 4-5, 5-6, 8. Directorate of Census Operations, Jharkhand. Retrieved 4 June 2019.
  6. ^ "2011 Census C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". Jharkhand – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 8 October 2017.
  7. ^ "Area". Bharat Coking Coal Limited. Retrieved 2 July 2019.
  8. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  9. ^ http://www.telegraphindia.com/1060610/asp/jamshedpur/story_6334372.asp
  10. ^ http://dhanbad.nic.in/administration/structure.htm
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 27 September 2013. Retrieved 24 September 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ "Dhanbad - Coal Capital of India". List of Coal Mines in Dhanbad. Jharkhand Government. Retrieved 18 October 2017.
  13. ^ http://www.prabhatkhabar.com/news/20297-story-article.html
  14. ^ "Katras College, Katrasgarh". IndCareer. Retrieved 15 June 2019.
  15. ^ "Katras College, Katrasgarh". Vinoba Bhave University. Retrieved 15 June 2019.
  16. ^ http://wikimapia.org/11412640/katras-hatia
  17. ^ http://www.hoparoundindia.com/jharkhand/dhanbad-attractions/lillori-sthan-mandir.aspx

External links[edit]