Katsina State

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Katsina State
Nickname(s): 
Location of Katsina State in Nigeria
Location of Katsina State in Nigeria
Coordinates: 12°15′N 7°30′E / 12.250°N 7.500°E / 12.250; 7.500Coordinates: 12°15′N 7°30′E / 12.250°N 7.500°E / 12.250; 7.500
Country Nigeria
Date created23 September 1987
CapitalKatsina
Government
 • Governor
(List)
Aminu Bello Masari (APC)
 • Deputy GovernorMannir Yakubu
 • Senators
Area
 • Total24,192 km2 (9,341 sq mi)
Area rank17th of 36
Population
 (2006 census)
 • Total5,801,584[1]
 • Rank5th of 36
GDP (PPP)
 • Year2007
 • Total$6.02 billion[2]
 • Per capita$1,017[2]
Time zoneUTC+01 (WAT)
postal code
820001
ISO 3166 codeNG-KT
HDI (2018)0.454[3]
low · 30th of 37
WebsiteOfficial website

Katsina State is a state in the northwestern geopolitical zone of Nigeria. Katsina State was created in 1987, when it split from Kaduna State. Today, Katsina State borders Kaduna, Zamfara, Kano, and Jigawa States. Nicknamed the "Home of Hospitality", both the state capital and the town of Daura have been described "ancient seats of Islamic culture and learning" in Nigeria.[4]

With over 5,800,000 residents as of 2006, Katsina State is the fifth largest state in the country by population, despite the fact that it only ranks 17th out of 36 states in terms of area. Demographically, the Fulani people are the largest ethnic group in the state, and Islam is the most practiced religion.[5] In 2005, Katinsa became the fifth state in Nigeria to adopt Sharia law.[6][7]

The current Governor of Katsina State is Aminu Bello Masari, a member of the All Progressives Congress and ally of President Muhammadu Buhari.[8] The state is considered a political stronghold of Buhari, a native of Daura, who won the state in the 2019 presidential election with almost 80% of the vote.[9]

In recent years, Katsina has been one of the Nigerian states hit hardest by terrorism.[10] In 2020, over 300 children were kidnapped by the terrorist group Boko Haram in the town of Kankara.[11][12]

Demography[edit]

The Fulani are the largest ethnic group.[5]

Religion[edit]

The state is predominantly Muslim, and Gobarau Minaret is an important building. Sharia is valid in the entire state. The Church of Nigeria has a Diocese of Katsina.[13] The Redeemed Christian Church of God and the Roman Catholic Church are fairly present in the state.[14][15]

Local government areas[edit]

Katsina State comprises 34 local government areas:

Education[edit]

Katsina State is a centre of both formal and informal education. Currently it has Federal College of Education Katsina, Hassan Usman Katsina Polytechnic, Federal University Dutsin-Ma, the federal University of katsina state, which was renamed after the late President Umaru Musa Yar'adua, Umaru Musa Yar'adua University, Alqalam University Katsina; Yusufu Bala Usman College of Legal, and General Studies, Daura and the School of Basic and Remedial Studies, Funtua (SBRS/ABU Funtua) and Isa Kaita College of Education Dutsin-Ma, located at Dutsin-ma town. There are seven degree awarding institutions in the state.

Owned by different bodies the institutions are Umaru Musa Yar'adua University, owned by the state government. Alqalam University Katsina, the first Islamic university in Nigeria and it is privately owned. Federal University Dutsinma, owned by the federal government. Federal College of Education Katsina (affiliated to Bayero University Kano). National Open University of Nigeria, Isa Kaita College of Education Dutsinma (affiliated to Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria), a state owned college of education. Cherish Institute Batsari, a privately owned university awarding degree in health courses.[16]

Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in Katsina State[edit]

In spite of measures taken by the state government to prevent the spread of COVID-19 into the state, on 7 April 2020, a doctor in Daura local government area died of cases related to Coronavirus and his family members were tested positive.[17] Later, one of the doctor's patients also died. To contain the spread of the virus, state government ordered lockdown in the state and dispatched police to ensure obedience of the law. However, there have been cases of violating the order and people accused the government for locking down worshiping grounds such as churches and Juma'ah mosques while major markets such as Yar Kutungu, Himata, Greenhouse, Mudassir etc were operating. There was a clash between police and youths in Kusada local government area resulting to death and arrests of civilians.[18]

Notable people from Katsina State[edit]

The Emir of Katsina, Muhammad Dikko dan Gidado, and other officials, 1911


References[edit]

  1. ^ "2006 PHC Priority Tables – NATIONAL POPULATION COMMISSION". population.gov.ng. Archived from the original on 2017-10-10. Retrieved 2017-10-10.
  2. ^ a b "C-GIDD (Canback Global Income Distribution Database)". Canback Dangel. Retrieved 2008-08-20.
  3. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  4. ^ "Home | Institute of International Studies". iis.berkeley.edu. Retrieved 2021-03-07.
  5. ^ a b Nkromah, Gamal. "Nigeria fastened with nails". Al-Ahram Weekly Online. Al-Ahram Weekly. Archived from the original on 2007-05-04. Retrieved 2007-04-24.
  6. ^ "CNN.com - Woman sentenced to stoning freed - Feb. 23, 2004". edition.cnn.com. Retrieved 2021-03-07.
  7. ^ "Katsina adopts Sharia". The New Humanitarian. 2000-08-01. Retrieved 2021-03-07.
  8. ^ "PressReader.com - Your favorite newspapers and magazines". www.pressreader.com. Retrieved 2021-03-07.
  9. ^ editor (2019-02-25). "Buhari Wins Katsina with 1.2m Votes". THISDAYLIVE. Retrieved 2021-03-07.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  10. ^ Ojewale, Oluwole (2021-02-18). "Rising insecurity in northwest Nigeria: Terrorism thinly disguised as banditry". Brookings. Retrieved 2021-03-07.
  11. ^ "More than 300 schoolchildren are abducted in Nigeria". The Economist. 2020-12-19. ISSN 0013-0613. Retrieved 2021-03-07.
  12. ^ "Gunmen kidnap 'hundreds' of schoolboys in central Nigeria". France 24. 2021-02-17. Retrieved 2021-03-07.
  13. ^ [1] Archived January 11, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  14. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-10-08. Retrieved 2011-08-22.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  15. ^ "Two churches destroyed in Bauchi State, Nigeria". Retrieved 22 May 2017.
  16. ^ Malam Mustapha 7 institutions currently running degree programs in Katsina http://katsinapost.com.ng/2018/05/17/7-institutions-currently-running-degree-programs-in-katsina/
  17. ^ "Doctor dies from complications of COVID-19 in Daura". TheCable. 2020-04-07. Retrieved 2020-05-08.
  18. ^ "COVID-19: Police station burnt in Katsina over Juma'at prayer -". The NEWS. 2020-03-28. Retrieved 2020-05-09.