Katsina State

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Katsina State
Seal of Katsina State
Nickname(s): 
Location of Katsina State in Nigeria
Location of Katsina State in Nigeria
Coordinates: 12°15′N 7°30′E / 12.250°N 7.500°E / 12.250; 7.500Coordinates: 12°15′N 7°30′E / 12.250°N 7.500°E / 12.250; 7.500
Country Nigeria
Date created23 September 1987
CapitalKatsina
Government
 • BodyGovernment of Katsina State
 • Governor
(List)
Aminu Bello Masari (APC)
 • Deputy GovernorMannir Yakubu (APC)
 • LegislatureKatsina State House of Assembly
 • SenatorsC: Kabir Barkiya (APC)
N: Ahmad Babba Kaita (PDP)
S: Bello Mandiya (APC)
 • RepresentativesList
Area
 • Total24,192 km2 (9,341 sq mi)
 • Rank17th of 36
Population
 (2006 census)
 • Total5,801,584[1]
 • Rank5th of 36
GDP (PPP)
 • Year2007
 • Total$6.02 billion[2]
 • Per capita$1,017[2]
Time zoneUTC+01 (WAT)
postal code
820001
ISO 3166 codeNG-KT
HDI (2018)0.454[3]
low · 30th of 37
WebsiteOfficial website

Katsina State (Hausa: Jihar Katsina) (Fula: Leydi Katsina 𞤤𞤫𞤴𞤣𞤭 𞤳𞤢𞥁𞤭𞤲𞤢) is a state in the northwestern geopolitical zone of Nigeria. Katsina State was created in 1987, when it split from Kaduna State. Today, Katsina State borders Kaduna, Zamfara, Kano, and Jigawa States. Nicknamed the "Home of Hospitality", both the state capital and the town of Daura have been described "ancient seats of Islamic culture and learning" in Nigeria.[4]

With over 5,800,000 residents as at 2006, Katsina State is the fifth largest state in the country by population, despite the fact that it only ranks 17th out of 36 states in terms of area. Demographically, the Hausa people are the largest ethnic group in the state, and Islam is the most practiced religion.[5] In 2005, Katsina became the fifth state in Nigeria to adopt Sharia law.[6][7]

The current Governor of Katsina State is Aminu Bello Masari, a member of the All Progressives Congress and ally of President Muhammadu Buhari.[8] The state is considered a political stronghold of Buhari, a native of Daura, who won the state in the 2019 presidential election with almost 80% of the vote.[9]

In recent years, Katsina has been one of the Nigerian states hit hardest by terrorism.[10] In 2020, over 300 children were kidnapped by the terrorist group Boko Haram in the town of Kankara.[11][12]

Demography[edit]

Hausa are the largest ethnic group in the state [5]

Religion[edit]

The state is predominantly Muslim where the Gobarau Minaret is an important building therein. Sharia is valid in the entire state but meanly for the muslims.[13][14][clarification needed] The Church of Nigeria has a Diocese of Katsina.[15] The Redeemed Christian Church of God and the Roman Catholic Church are fairly present in the state.[16][failed verification][17]

Local government areas[edit]

Katsina State comprises 34 local government areas:

Education[edit]

Katsina State is a centre of both formal and informal education. Umaru Musa Yar'adua University[18] is a public university owned by the state government. Al-Qalam University, the first Islamic university in Nigeria is privately owned. Federal University, Dutsin-Ma[19] is owned by the federal government as well as Federal College of Education, Katsina[20] (affiliated to Bayero University Kano[21]). National Open University of Nigeria, Isa Kaita College of Education Dutsinma (affiliated to Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria), a state owned college of education. Cherish Institute Batsari, a privately owned university awarding degree in health courses.[22]

Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in Katsina State[edit]

In spite of measures taken by the state government to prevent the spread of COVID-19 into the state, on 7 April 2020, a doctor in Daura local government area died of cases related to Coronavirus and his family members were tested positive.[23] Later, one of the doctor's patients also died. To contain the spread of the virus, state government ordered lockdown in the state and dispatched police to ensure obedience of the law. However, there have been cases of violating the order and people accused the government for locking down worshiping grounds such as churches and Juma'ah mosques while major markets such as Yar Kutungu, Himata, Greenhouse, Mudassir etc were operating. There was a clash between police and youths in Kusada local government area resulting to death and arrests of civilians.[24]

Notable people from Katsina State[edit]

The Emir of Katsina, Muhammad Dikko dan Gidado, and other officials, 1911


Geography[edit]

Katsina State is about 23,938 square kilometres (9,243 sq mi). It is situated on latitude between 110° 07' 49N' 130 2257" and Longitude 6052'03East and 990 02' East.[clarification needed] The state is from the tropical grassland known as savannah to the north and the state has two major seasons which are the rainy season and dry season.[25]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2006 PHC Priority Tables – NATIONAL POPULATION COMMISSION". population.gov.ng. Archived from the original on 2017-10-10. Retrieved 2017-10-10.
  2. ^ a b "C-GIDD (Canback Global Income Distribution Database)". Canback Dangel. Retrieved 2008-08-20.
  3. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  4. ^ "Home | Institute of International Studies". iis.berkeley.edu. Retrieved 2021-03-07.
  5. ^ a b Nkromah, Gamal. "Nigeria fastened with nails". Al-Ahram Weekly Online. Al-Ahram Weekly. Archived from the original on 2007-05-04. Retrieved 2007-04-24.
  6. ^ "CNN.com - Woman sentenced to stoning freed - Feb. 23, 2004". edition.cnn.com. Retrieved 2021-03-07.
  7. ^ "Katsina adopts Sharia". The New Humanitarian. 2000-08-01. Retrieved 2021-03-07.
  8. ^ "PressReader.com - Your favorite newspapers and magazines". www.pressreader.com. Retrieved 2021-03-07.
  9. ^ "Buhari Wins Katsina with 1.2m Votes". THISDAYLIVE. 2019-02-25. Retrieved 2021-03-07.
  10. ^ Ojewale, Oluwole (2021-02-18). "Rising insecurity in northwest Nigeria: Terrorism thinly disguised as banditry". Brookings. Retrieved 2021-03-07.
  11. ^ "More than 300 schoolchildren are abducted in Nigeria". The Economist. 2020-12-19. ISSN 0013-0613. Retrieved 2021-03-07.
  12. ^ "Gunmen kidnap 'hundreds' of schoolboys in central Nigeria". France 24. 2021-02-17. Retrieved 2021-03-07.
  13. ^ Sani, Abubakar (2004). The Great Province. Lugga Press. pp. 174–176. ISBN 9782105481.
  14. ^ "AFRICA | Nigeria's Katsina state adopts Sharia". BBC News. Retrieved 2021-11-21.
  15. ^ "Church of Nigeria: Diocese of Lagos". Archived from the original on January 11, 2011.
  16. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-10-08. Retrieved 2011-08-22.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  17. ^ "Two churches destroyed in Bauchi State, Nigeria". Retrieved 22 May 2017.
  18. ^ "List Of UMYU Courses and Programmes Offered". www.myschoolgist.com. 2020-10-09. Retrieved 2021-11-22.
  19. ^ "Official List of Courses Offered in Federal University, Dutsin-ma (FUDMA) - Myschool". myschool.ng. Retrieved 2021-11-22.
  20. ^ Admin, I. J. N. (2020-10-24). "Full List of Courses Offered In Federal College Of Education Katsina (FCEKATSINA)". ITSJAMBNEWS. Retrieved 2021-11-22.
  21. ^ "List of Courses Offered at Bayero University Kano (BUK)". Nigerian Scholars. 2018-04-14. Retrieved 2021-11-22.
  22. ^ Malam Mustapha 7 institutions currently running degree programs in Katsina http://katsinapost.com.ng/2018/05/17/7-institutions-currently-running-degree-programs-in-katsina/
  23. ^ "Doctor dies from complications of COVID-19 in Daura". TheCable. 2020-04-07. Retrieved 2020-05-08.
  24. ^ "COVID-19: Police station burnt in Katsina over Juma'at prayer -". The NEWS. 2020-03-28. Retrieved 2020-05-09.
  25. ^ "About Katsina". Katsina State Government. Retrieved 2022-02-02.