Kattakayam Cherian Mappillai

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Kattakayam Cherian Mappillai
Born(1859-02-24)February 24, 1859
Pala, Kottayam, Kerala, India
DiedNovember 29, 1936(1936-11-29) (aged 77)
OccupationPoet, writer
NationalityIndian
Notable works
  • Shree Yeshu Vijayam
  • Marthomavijayam
  • Vanithamani
SpouseMariyamma
Relatives
  • Ulahannan (father)
  • Cecily (mother)

Kattakayam Cherian Mappillai (1859–1936) was an Indian poet and playwright of Malayalam literature. He was known for the epic poem Shreeyeshu Vijayam, which earned him the title of Mahakavi. He was the founder editor of Vijnaana Rathnaakaram, one of the earliest literary magazines in Malayalam language. Pope Pius XI presented him a gold medal in 1931.

Biography[edit]

Cherian Mappillai was born on February 24, 1859 in Pala in Kottayam district of the south Indian state of Kerala in a Christian family to Ulahannan and Cecily.[1] His schooling was limited to Sanskrit studies with Njavakkattu Damodaran Kartha for a few years by which time, he had already started writing poems. His early poems were published in Nasrani Deepika magazine in 1887 and in 1980, he started a poetry column in Malayala Manorama, encouraged by Kandathil Varghese Mappillai, the founder of the daily.[1] He wrote a number of poems and plays[2] and the most known among them was Shree Yeshu Vijayam,[3] a mahakavya in 24 cantos on the Bible,[4] detailing from the Book of Genesis to the New Testament.[5][6] It was the first Malayalam language epic by a Christian writer.[7]

Cherian Mappillai was a rubber farmer by profession and co-founded one of the earliest rubber factories in Kerala by name, Meenachil Rubber Factory.[5] When J. Thomas Kayalackakom founded Vijnaana Rathnaakaram in 1913, Cherian Mappilai served as its founder editor. He was married to Mariyamma from Kadakkachira veedu and he died on November 29, 1936, at the age 77.[1]

Bibliography[edit]

Statue of Mappila at Pala, Kerala.

Poems[edit]

  1. Shree Yeshu Vijayam - 1911-1926[8]
  2. Mar Thoma Charitham - 1908
  3. Vanithaamani- 1915
  4. Susannah - 1928
  5. Matthoo Tharakan- 1924
  6. Thiranjedukkappetta Paathram - 1926
  7. Juse Bhakthan - 1880

Plays[edit]

  1. Yoodajeeveshwari - 1890
  2. Villalvettam - 1894
  3. Olivervijayam - 1897
  4. Saaraavivaaham - 1902
  5. Kalaavathi - 1903

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Biography on Kerala Sahitya Akademi portal". Kerala Sahitya Akademi portal. 6 March 2019. Retrieved 6 March 2019.
  2. ^ "List of works". Kerala Sahitya Akademi portal. 7 March 2019. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  3. ^ "`Statement" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 June 2012. Retrieved 27 April 2011.
  4. ^ Amaresh Datta (1987). Encyclopaedia of Indian Literature: A-Devo. Sahitya Akademi. pp. 676–. ISBN 978-81-260-1803-1.
  5. ^ a b "Kattakayam Cherian Mappillai - Veethi profile". veethi.com. 6 March 2019. Retrieved 6 March 2019.
  6. ^ Sivasankari (5 March 2017). Knit India Through Literature Volume 1 - The South. Pustaka Digital Media. pp. 158–. PKEY:9789352859269.
  7. ^ "Chavara Kuriakose Elias and his Contribution to Literature". Department of Tourism, Government of Kerala. 7 March 2019. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  8. ^ K. M. George (1992). Modern Indian Literature, an Anthology: Surveys and poems. Sahitya Akademi. pp. 241–. ISBN 978-81-7201-324-0.

External links[edit]