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Katutura (Otjiherero: The place where people do not want to live) is a township of Windhoek, Khomas Region, Namibia. Katutura was created in 1961 following the forced removal of Windhoek's black population from the Old Location, which afterwards was developed into the suburb Hochland Park. Sam Nujoma Stadium, built in 2005, is located within Katutura. Katutura Community Radio, a community-based radio station, also operates from the township. Katutura State Hospital, one of two State Hospitals in the Windhoek area, is located in the township.
During the 1950s, the Windhoek municipality and the South African colonial administration decided to forcefully move the residents of the Old Location 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) to the north of the city, prompting the evicted people to give the new location the name Katutura (Otjiherero: The place where people do not want to live).
For a number of reasons most residents did not want to move: They had owned the erven in Old Location whereas in Katutura all land belonged to the municipality. The newly allocated erven were also a lot smaller than those in Old Location, effectively forbidding the creation of gardens. Also economically black residents were worse off after the move because they now had to pay rent to the municipality, and they needed a bus to reach their work places in town—Old Location had been in walking distance.
Following protests and an effective boycott of municipal services by Main Location residents, the police opened fire on the protesters on 10 December 1959, killing 11 and wounding 44 others. This event is known as the Old Location uprising, it is the reason for the declaration of December 10, Human Rights Day, as a Namibian national holiday.
The transfer to the new suburb took several years. In 1962, approximately 7,000 people had been moved, joining the 2,000 people of Ovambo descent that already lived there. All in all, half of the indigenous population of Windhoek lived in Katutura at that time. The breakdown of residents of different tribes in 1962 was:
- Ovambo people: almost 3,000
- Damara people: 2,366
- Coloured people: 1,257
- Nama people: 614
- Herero people: 468
- Ovambanderu people: 71
- Others / undetermined: 1,094
The political consistuencies located within Katutura are:
- Khomasdal, a township of Windhoek for Coloured Namibians
- Katutura Community Radio
- Herero Mall, an informal shopping area in Katutura
- Greenwell Matongo Community Library, a public library
- Azaria Mbughuni, Tanzania and the liberation struggle in Southern Africa, 1958-1975, 2008, page 97
- NamibWeb.com - History of Old Location and Katutura
- Dierks, Klaus. "History of Namibia, 1959". klausdierks.com. Retrieved 21 August 2012.
- "Onafhanklikheid ook Ou Lokasie se vrug" [Independence also a result of Old Location]. Die Republikein (in Afrikaans). 21 August 2012.
- Dierks, Klaus. "Biographies of Namibian Personalities (Entry for Schimming-Chase, Nora)". Retrieved 21 August 2012.
- "Die Bewohner von Katutura" [The inhabitants of Katutura]. Allgemeine Zeitung (in German). 15 August 1962.