Katyń Memorial (Jersey City)

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Katyń Memorial
ArtistAndrzej Pitynski
Year1991 (1991)
MediumBronze sculpture
SubjectKatyn massacre
Dimensions10 m (34 ft)
LocationJersey City, New Jersey
Coordinates40°42′58″N 74°01′59″W / 40.71611°N 74.03306°W / 40.71611; -74.03306Coordinates: 40°42′58″N 74°01′59″W / 40.71611°N 74.03306°W / 40.71611; -74.03306

The Katyń Memorial is a bronze statue created by Polish-American sculptor Andrzej Pitynski in dedication to the victims of the 1940 Katyn massacre. The memorial stands at Exchange Place in Jersey City, New Jersey, United States, near the mouth of the Hudson River. Unveiled in June 1991,[1] the statue depicts a bound and gagged Polish soldier with a bayoneted rifle impaled through his back. The statue stands 34-foot-tall (10-meter) and is atop a granite base containing Katyn soil. Its base also depicts a Polish woman carrying her starving child in memorial to the Polish citizens deported to Siberia that began shortly before the massacre.

Plaque commemorating victims of September 11 attacks[edit]

After the September 11 attacks a plaque was unveiled on the front side of the pediment, saying:

NEVER FORGET! PRAY FOR ALL THE INNOCENT VICTIMS AND HEROES WHO DIED IN THE TERRORIST ATTACK ON AMERICA SEPTEMBER 11, 2001[2]

The unveiling ceremony took place on September 12, 2004.[3][4][5][6]

Relocation controversy[edit]

Park proposal[edit]

In April 2018, it was announced that there were plans to remove the memorial as Exchange Place was to be made into a park.[7] Mike DeMarco, chair of the Exchange Place Special Improvement District, was quoted by The Jersey Journal as being in favor of the removal calling the statue was "politically incorrect" and "I don't think the statue's appropriate for a major metropolitan area ... [The monument is] a little gruesome ... I can't imagine how many mothers go by and have to explain it to their children."[7] In a tactical move in November the mayor withdrew his support of the plan.[8]

Opposition[edit]

Following opposition by Polish-Americans and Polish officials, this plan was rescinded and it has been agreed that the monument will be relocated 200 feet away but will remain on the waterfront in a location that is both dignified and practical.[9] Andrzej Duda, the President of Poland, visited the monument and had a brief exchange with Jersey City Mayor Steven Fulop about the relocation of the monument on May 16, 2018.[10][11]

The proposed site is a matter of controversy.[12][13] The inability of the city council to resolve the matter will likely lead to a citywide referendum.[14][15]

Resolution[edit]

On December 20, 2018, the nine-member Jersey City Council voted unanimously to adopt an ordinance that the monument remain where it stands in Exchange Place “in perpetuity”.[16]

Polish president's visit[edit]

In May 2018, Polish President Andrzej Duda visited the Jersey City Katyn Memorial, amidst the debate over the Katyn monument staying in Exchange Place or moving to the end of York Street. Duda's visit lasted only a few minutes, in which he placed a wreath on the monument, but did not speak to the press. The Polish President had previously visited the monument in 2016 during a visit to the U.S. to meet with the United Nations. In addition, during Duda's visit, two groups of protesters gathered at the site to protest the possible moving of the monument.[17]

Furthermore, this visit by the Polish President came two days after Jersey City Mayor Steven Fulop announced that the monument would be moved to the end of York Street. Fulop told the press prior to the President's visit that he would welcome him and he would give him a gift on behalf of the people of Jersey City. Fulop presented Duda with a wreath that the Polish President laid down at the base of the monument. They spoke briefly followed by the departure of the Polish President. Fulop relayed to the press that President Duda was "very direct" and expressed his preference for the monument remaining in place. In addition, Duda asked that the monument be placed in a respected location if it was not possible for it to remain in its current location at Exchange Place.[18]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Stoltzfus, Duane (June 6, 1991). "Statue Erected as Memorial to Katyn Massacre". The Record (Bergen County, NJ). Archived from the original on November 4, 2012.
  2. ^ "Katyn 9/11 Memorial". flickr.com. Retrieved February 24, 2012.
  3. ^ "Uroczystość odsłonięcia Tablicy Pamiątkowej wmurowanej w cokół Pomnika Katyńskiego w Jersey City w Stanie New Jersey - seria zdjęć wykonana w dniu 12 września 2004". polishamericancongressnj.org. Retrieved February 24, 2012.
  4. ^ "Polish president to be remembered tonight at Jersey City vigil". nj.com. Retrieved February 24, 2012.
  5. ^ "Polish president is killed in plane crash in Russia". nj.com. Retrieved February 24, 2012.
  6. ^ "N.J. Polish community mourns loss of president, leaders". nj.com. Retrieved February 24, 2012.
  7. ^ a b McDonald, Terrence T. (April 30, 2018). "Critics slam plan to move N.J. statue commemorating Polish massacre". nj.
  8. ^ McDonald, Terrence T. (November 8, 2018). "New plan would stop Polish statue vote, keep statue where it is". nj.
  9. ^ Rojas, Rick (May 11, 2018). "Jersey City Argues Over a Statue, and Politicians in Poland Weigh In". The New York Times. Retrieved May 12, 2018.
  10. ^ Sibayan, Reena Rose. "Polish president Duda visits Katyn monument in Jersey City". NJ.com.
  11. ^ "Polish president meets with mayor on statue removal dispute". The Associated Press. May 16, 2018.
  12. ^ Mota, Caitlin (May 14, 2018). "Polish-Americans rally against plan to move WWII monument". nj.
  13. ^ McDonald, Terrence T. (May 14, 2018). "Chorus of boos meets officials at unveiling of plans to move WWII statue". nj.
  14. ^ McDonald, Terrence T. (September 13, 2018). "Jersey City council punts on Polish statue, sending issue to voters". nj.
  15. ^ McDonald, Terrence T. (October 4, 2018). "Lawsuit seeks to force another council vote on Polish statue". nj.
  16. ^ McDonald, Terrence T. (December 20, 2018). "Post-midnight, Jersey City council ends nine-month Polish statue mess. Finally". nj.
  17. ^ "Polish president visits N.J. statue at center of trans-Atlantic row". www.nj.com. January 30, 2019.
  18. ^ Marc Bussanich (May 16, 2018). "Polish president visits Jersey City to say he'd prefer Katyn monument to stay where it is". Hudson County View.