Katy Perry

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"Katy Hudson" redirects here. For the album, see Katy Hudson (album). For the Australian fashion designer, see Katie Perry.
Katy Perry
Katy Perry at the NRJ (Nouvelle Radio des Jeunes) Music Awards
Perry attending the NRJ Music Awards in Cannes, France on December 14, 2013
Born Katheryn Elizabeth Hudson
(1984-10-25) October 25, 1984 (age 29)
near Santa Barbara, California, U.S.
Residence Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Other names Katy Hudson
Education Dos Pueblos High School
Music Academy of the West
Occupation
  • Singer
  • songwriter
  • actress
  • businesswoman
  • philanthropist
Spouse(s) Russell Brand (m. 2010–12)
Relatives Frank Perry (half-uncle)
David Hudson (brother)
Musical career
Genres
Instruments
  • Vocals
  • guitar
  • piano
Years active 1997–present
Labels
Associated acts The Matrix
Website
katyperry.com

Katheryn Elizabeth "Katy" Hudson (born October 25, 1984), better known by her stage name Katy Perry, is an American singer, songwriter, and actress. She grew up in Santa Barbara, California. She had limited exposure to mainstream pop music during her childhood and pursued a career in gospel music as a teenager, releasing her debut studio album, Katy Hudson in 2001. The following year, she moved to Los Angeles to venture into pop and rock music. She recorded a collaborative album with the Matrix, which was released in 2009. She also worked on a solo album with Glen Ballard that was recorded but never released.

In April 2007, Perry signed a recording contract with Capitol Records. She rose to fame in 2008 with the release of her single "I Kissed a Girl" from her second album, One of the Boys. Perry's third album, Teenage Dream (2010), was preceded by the Billboard Hot 100 chart-topping singles "California Gurls" and "Teenage Dream", and later produced the number-one singles "Firework", "E.T.", and "Last Friday Night (T.G.I.F.)". The album became the first by a female artist to produce five number-one Billboard hits, and the second overall after Michael Jackson's Bad (1987). In March 2012, she re-released the album as Teenage Dream: The Complete Confection, which produced the number-one single "Part of Me". She released her fourth album, Prism, in 2013 which included the number-one singles "Roar" and "Dark Horse".

Perry has received many awards and nominations, including eleven Grammy nominations. Billboard dubbed her 2012's Woman of the Year. She has been listed in the Forbes "Top-Earning Women In Music" for 2011, 2012, and 2013. Perry is the only artist to spend 69 consecutive weeks in the top ten of the Hot 100. Throughout her career, she has sold more than 11 million albums and 81 million singles worldwide, making her one of the best-selling artists of all time. She has six quintuple-platinum certified singles in the United States, more than any other artist.

Perry has ventured into celebrity endorsement and released fragrances Purr, Meow!, and Killer Queen. In late July 2011, she made her film debut voicing Smurfette in The Smurfs. In early July 2012, she released a 3D autobiographical documentary film, Katy Perry: Part of Me, which concentrated on her life as a touring artist and the dissolution of her brief marriage to English actor and comedian Russell Brand.

Life and career

1984–98: Early life and career beginnings

Katheryn Elizabeth Hudson was born near Santa Barbara, California, to Pentecostal pastors Maurice Keith Hudson and Mary Christine Perry of Keith Hudson Ministries.[1] Her parents are both reformed Christians, each having turned to God after a "wild youth".[2] Through her mother, Perry is a half-niece of film director and producer Frank Joseph Perry, Jr.[3] She has a younger brother named David, who is also a singer,[4] and an older sister Angela.[5]

From ages 3 to 11, Perry frequently moved across the country as her parents set up churches before settling again in Santa Barbara. Growing up, she attended religious schools and camps, including Santa Barbara Christian School during her elementary years. Perry stated that she found it "tough" as a child to frequently switch between schools and lose friends, and that she sometimes felt "out of place" during the early part of her childhood.[5] Her family "barely got by" financially,[6] sometimes using food stamps and eating from the food bank intended to feed the congregation at her parents' church.[7]

Perry described her parents as "uniquely strict", while Angela reminisced of their upbringing as "God's way or no way", resulting in bans of popular products. David recalled that they were not allowed to eat Lucky Charms as "luck is of Lucifer," and had to call deviled eggs "angel eggs."[5] Perry primarily listened to gospel music,[8] as listening to most "secular music" was discouraged in the family's home. She was banned from watching MTV while growing up, and discovered popular music while watching the music channel at her friends' houses.[9]

Perry began singing while "copycatting" Angela, often practicing with her sister's cassette tapes. She performed the tracks in front of their parents, who suggested she take vocal lessons. She subsequently underwent training from the ages of 9 to 16.[10] She was incorporated into her parents' ministry and started singing at their church at age nine. Perry was given her first guitar for her 13th birthday.[2][11] She began writing gospel songs, which she frequently performed at religious functions. During her teenage years, Perry said she "tried to be like the typical California girl", trying out surfing and getting deeply involved in the local rollerskating scene. David described her as "kind of a tomboy" during that period.[5] Growing up, she also took dancing lessons and learned how to swing, Lindy Hop, and jitterbug.[12]

1999–2006: Katy Hudson and The Matrix

In December 1999, Perry completed her General Educational Development after her first semester of her freshman year at Dos Pueblos High School and left school in the pursuit of a career in music. Perry briefly studied Italian opera at the Music Academy of the West in Santa Barbara. At 15, her singing caught the attention of rock veterans Steve Thomas and Jennifer Knapp from Nashville, Tennessee, who brought her there to improve her writing skills.[13] In Nashville, she started recording demos and learned how to write songs and play guitar.[8] After signing with Red Hill Records, Perry recorded her debut album, a gospel record titled Katy Hudson. The album was released on March 6, 2001,[14] and she joined The Strangely Normal Tour in support of it.[15] The album was commercially unsuccessful, selling an estimated 200 copies before the label ceased operations in December.[1]

She waned away from gospel music and began transversing into pop and rock.[5] Perry started writing songs with producer Glen Ballard,[3] and moved to Los Angeles, to further her music career.[16] In 2003, she briefly performed as Katheryn Perry to avoid confusion with actress Kate Hudson; later that year, she adopted the stage name Katy Perry. After a failed record deal with The Island Def Jam Music Group, she signed to Columbia Records in 2004.[1] Columbia sought to make her the female vocalist of record production team the Matrix, who was working on an album. However, the record label shelved the album after it was roughly 80 percent complete.[1] She was dropped by Columbia, and a solo album she had been working on with Ballard was shelved.[17] During this time, she worked in an independent A&R company called Taxi Music.[1]

Perry saw a small amount of success prior to her breakthrough. One of the songs she had recorded for her album with Ballard, "Simple", was featured on the soundtrack to the 2005 film The Sisterhood of the Traveling Pants.[17] She provided backing vocals on Mick Jagger's song "Old Habits Die Hard",[18] which won the 2005 Golden Globe Award for Best Original Song.[19] In October 2004, Blender named Perry "The Next Big Thing".[20] She provided background vocals on P.O.D.'s single "Goodbye for Now" in early 2006, and played the love interest of her then-boyfriend Gym Class Heroes lead singer Travie McCoy in the band's music video for "Cupid's Chokehold" in November.[21]

2007–09: Breakthrough with One of the Boys

Perry performing at the Warped Tour
Perry performing during the Warped Tour in July 2008

After being dropped by Columbia in 2006, the company's publicity executive Angelica Cob-Baehler enthusiastically recommended Perry to Virgin Records chairman Jason Flom. Flom was convinced that she could be a breakthrough star and she was signed to the newly created Capitol Music Group, a merger between Virgin and Capitol Records, in April 2007.[1] The label arranged for her to meet with producer Dr. Luke, in order to add an "undeniable smash" to her existing material.[22] Perry and Dr. Luke co-wrote the songs "I Kissed a Girl" and "Hot n Cold" for her second album One of the Boys. A campaign was started with the November 2007 release of the video to "Ur So Gay", aimed at introducing her to the music market and establishing her image. A digital EP led by "Ur So Gay" was later released to create online buzz.[2][23] Madonna helped publicize the song by praising the track on the JohnJay & Rich show in April 2008.[24]

Perry achieved her mainstream breakthrough with the release of "I Kissed a Girl" on April 28, 2008, as the lead single from One of the Boys. The first station to pick up the song was WRVW in Nashville, who after playing it for three days, were inundated with enthusiastic calls.[23] That same month, the track reached number one on the Billboard Hot 100.[25] One of the Boys was released on June 17, 2008, to mixed critical reviews.[26] The album reached number nine on the Billboard 200.[27] "Hot n Cold", which was released on September 9, 2008, became the album's second successful single, reaching number three on the Billboard Hot 100,[28] and topping charts in Germany and Canada, among other countries.[29][30] Later singles "Thinking of You" and "Waking Up in Vegas" also achieved moderate success.[28]

On June 20, 2008, Perry began touring with the Warped Tour 2008.[31] After the Warped Tour concluded, she began playing shows in Europe before launching her first headlining tour, the Hello Katy Tour, on January 23, 2008. It consisted of 89 concerts throughout several countries and ended in November 2009. On August 4, 2009, she performed as opening act for one date of the band No Doubt's Summer Tour 2009.[32] The Matrix's self-titled debut album, which Perry had recorded with the band in 2004, was released as a result of her solo success. She requested to hold the release until the fourth single of One of the Boys had been commissioned, but The Matrix was released onto iTunes on January 27, 2009, despite her wishes.[33] In October 2009, MTV Unplugged announced she had recorded a live album with acoustic performances of several One of the Boys tracks. It also included two new songs, "Brick by Brick" and a cover of Fountains of Wayne's "Hackensack". The live album was released on November 17, 2009.[34] Perry also appeared on two other artists' singles; she was featured on a remix of Colorado-based band 3OH!3's song "Starstrukk" in September 2009, and recorded a duet with Timbaland entitled "If We Ever Meet Again", from his album Shock Value II, in January 2010.[35] Guinness World Records recognized her in its 2010 edition as the "Best Start on the U.S. Digital Chart by a Female Artist," for digital single sales of over two million copies.[36]

In response to speculation that her parents opposed her music and career, Perry told MTV in August 2008 that they had no qualms about her success.[37] Her relationship with McCoy ended in late December 2008.[38] During the summer of 2009, Perry met her future husband Russell Brand while filming a cameo appearance for his film Get Him to the Greek. Her scene, in which the two kiss, was cut and does not appear in the film.[39] She began dating Brand after meeting him again that September at the 2009 MTV Video Music Awards.[40] The couple became engaged on December 31, 2009, while vacationing in Rajasthan, India.[41]

2010–12: Teenage Dream

After serving as a guest judge on American Idol and The X Factor UK,[42][43] Perry released "California Gurls" featuring rapper Snoop Dogg on May 7, 2010. The song served as the lead single from her third studio album, Teenage Dream, and reached number one on the Billboard Hot 100. It remained at the top of the chart for six consecutive weeks.[44][45] She released the album's second U.S. chart-topping single, "Teenage Dream", before releasing the album on August 24, 2010. Teenage Dream debuted at number one on the Billboard 200.[46] It was met with mixed reviews from music critics, and has since sold 5.7 million copies globally.[47][48] On October 18, 2010, "Firework" was released as the album's third single. It became the album's third consecutive number-one on the Hot 100 on December 8, 2010.[49] The song has since been certified 9× Platinum in the United States, and remains Perry's highest seller.[50]

The success of Teenage Dream continued with a remixed version of "E.T." featuring rapper Kanye West, which was released as the fourth single from the album on February 16, 2011. It topped the Hot 100 chart for five non-consecutive weeks, making Teenage Dream the ninth album in history to produce four number one singles on the Hot 100.[51] Perry became the first female artist to achieve five number one Hot 100 songs from one album when "Last Friday Night (T.G.I.F.)" topped the Billboard Hot 100 on August 17, 2011, and the second artist after Michael Jackson with his 1987 album Bad. In response to the achievement, she said "Thank you to everyone who helped make this happen. Ever since I was 9 years old, singing into my hairbrush, I've dreamed very big dreams, but today is bigger than my dreams. What a nice first birthday present for Teenage Dream!"[52][53] On September 7, 2011, she set a new record by becoming the first artist to spend 69 consecutive weeks in the Top 10.[54] "The One That Got Away" was released as the sixth and final single from Teenage Dream. The song became the first single from the album to miss the number one position, and peaked at number three on the Hot 100.[55] On February 13, Perry released "Part of Me", the lead single from Teenage Dream: The Complete Confection, which debuted at number one on the Hot 100 and became Perry's seventh single overall to top the chart.[56] Teenage Dream: The Complete Confection was released on March 23, 2012. "Wide Awake" was released on May 22 as the second and final single from the re-release, peaking at number two on the Hot 100.[57] On January 5, 2012, she was named the sixth best-selling digital artist in the United States, with sales of 37.6 million units according to Nielsen SoundScan.[58] That month, she became the first artist to have five songs sell over 5 million digital units.[59]

Perry at the Australian premiere of Katy Perry: Part of Me
Perry promoting her autobiographical documentary film Katy Perry: Part of Me in June 2012

On February 20, 2011, Perry embarked on the California Dreams Tour in support of Teenage Dream. The tour spanned 124 shows in Europe, Oceania, Asia, North America, and South America, and grossed over $59 million.[60] On September 23, 2011, she performed on the opening day of the 2011 Rock in Rio festival along with Elton John, Claudia Leitte, and Rihanna.[61] She made her film debut in the 3D family motion picture The Smurfs as Smurfette on July 29, 2011. The film earned $563,749,323 worldwide during its theatrical run,[62] though received mostly negative reviews from critics.[63] She hosted Saturday Night Live on December 10, 2011 with Robyn serving as the episode's musical guest. Perry's work on the episode received generally positive reviews from critics, who praised her comedic timing and the episode's digital short featuring herself and Andy Samberg.[64] On July 5, 2012, Perry's autobiographical documentary movie Katy Perry: Part of Me was released to theaters through Paramount Pictures.[65] The film garnered positive reviews and grossed $30 million worldwide at the box office.[66][67]

Perry began to venture into business when she endorsed her first fragrance, Purr, in November 2010.[68] Her second fragrance, Meow!, was released a year later, in December 2011. Both perfumes were released through Nordstrom department stores.[69] Electronic Arts recruited her to promote their new expansion pack for The Sims 3: Showtime,[70] before releasing a separate expansion pack featuring Perry-inspired furniture, outfits and hairstyles, titled The Sims 3: Katy Perry's Sweet Treats, in June 2012.[71] The following month, she became the spokesperson and ambassador for Popchips and made an investment in the company.[72] She was ranked #3 on the Forbes list of "Top-Earning Women In Music" 2011 with earnings of $44 million,[73] and Billboard ranked her number fourteen on their 2012 list of top 40 earners, grossing nearly $12 million.[74]

She married Russell Brand on October 23, 2010, in a traditional Hindu ceremony near the Ranthambhore tiger sanctuary in Rajasthan.[75] Due to conflicting career schedules and Brand wanting children before Perry was ready,[1] he sent her a text message on December 30, 2011, that he was divorcing her after fourteen months of marriage. He never spoke to her again afterwards.[76] Perry was initially so distraught over their divorce that she contemplated suicide.[77] The marriage was officially dissolved in February 2012.[78] Perry began an on-again, off-again relationship with singer John Mayer that August.[79]

2013–present: Prism

In November 2012, Perry began work on her fourth album, Prism. She told Billboard, "I know exactly the record I want to make next. I know the artwork, the coloring and the tone..... I even know what type of tour I'm doing next. I'll be very pleased if the vision I have in my head becomes a reality."[80] Although she told L'Uomo Vogue in June 2012 that she planned to have "darker elements" in Prism,[81] she revealed to MTV during the 2013 MTV Video Music Awards that she changed the album's direction after periods of self-reflection. She commented "I felt very prismatic", which inspired the album's name.[82] "Roar" was commissioned as the lead single from Prism on August 10, 2013.[83] She closed the MTV Video Music Awards with her first live performance of "Roar" on August 25, 2013.[84] On September 4, 2013, the song reached number one on the Billboard Hot 100.[85] "Unconditionally" was released as the second single from Prism on October 16, 2013.[86]

Prism was released on October 18, 2013, and debuted at number one on the Billboard 200 chart.[87] Four days later, Perry debuted new songs from the album at the iHeartRadio Theater in Los Angeles.[88] "Dark Horse" was released as the album's third single on December 17, 2013.[89] The song became her ninth number-one single on January 29, 2014.[90] "Birthday" was later released as the fourth single from Prism.[91][92] Additionally, she recorded and co-wrote a duet with then-boyfriend John Mayer titled "Who You Love" for his album Paradise Valley. The song was released on August 12, 2013.[93] Perry began her third headlining tour, The Prismatic World Tour, on May 7, 2014. It started in Europe,[94] and is also scheduled to take place in North America[95] and Oceania.[96]

On November 30, 2012, Billboard dubbed Perry the "Woman of the Year".[97] The International Federation of the Phonographic Industry named Perry the 5th Top Global Recording Artist of 2013, making her the highest-ranking woman to chart on the list.[98] On June 26, 2014, she was declared the Top Certified Digital Artist Ever by the Recording Industry Association of America for certified sales of 72 million digital singles in the United States.[50][99] In May 2014, a portrait of Perry by painter Mark Ryden was featured in his exhibition "The Gay 90s", and shown at the Kohn Gallery in Los Angeles, California. Along with several other artists, she also recorded a cover version of the song "Daisy Bell (Bicycle Built for Two)" on a limited-edition concept album to accompany the exhibition.[100] The same month, a portrait of Perry by artist Will Cotton was included in the United States National Portrait Gallery.[101]

Aside from her music career, Perry reprised her role as Smurfette in The Smurfs 2, which was released in theaters on July 31, 2013.[102] The Smurfs 2 earned $347,545,360 in theaters,[103] though like its predecessor received generally negative reviews from critics.[104] Killer Queen was released as her third fragrance in August 2013 through Coty, Inc.[105] In January 2014, she became a guest curator of Madonna's Art for Freedom initiative.[106] On June 17, 2014, Perry announced that she had founded her own record label under Capitol Records, titled Metamorphosis Music. Ferras was the first artist to sign to her label, and Perry served as an executive producer on his self-titled EP. She also recorded a duet titled "Legends Never Die" with Ferras on the EP.[107] Forbes ranked her #5 on their "Top-Earning Women In Music" list for 2012 with earnings of $45 million,[108] and #7 on their list for 2013 with $39 million.[109] In February 2014, her relationship with Mayer ended.[110] One month before the end of their relationship, she denied rumors that they had become engaged, telling GQ they were not rushing to get married.[6]

Artistry

Influences

Alanis Morissette giving her autograph
Freddie Mercury performing
Alanis Morissette (left) and Freddie Mercury (right) both significantly influenced Perry and her music

During the early stages of her career, Perry's musical styling gravitated towards gospel and she aspired to be like Amy Grant.[111] At the age of 15, she was introduced to Queen's "Killer Queen" and has since described it as being the song that inspired her to pursue a career in music.[112] She cites the band's front man, Freddie Mercury, as her "biggest influence" and expressed how the "combination of his sarcastic approach to writing lyrics and his 'I don't give a fuck' attitude" inspired her music.[113] She paid homage to the band by naming her third fragrance Killer Queen. Perry described The Beach Boys and their album Pet Sounds as having a considerable influence on her music, "[It] is one of my favorite records and it influenced pretty much all of my songwriting. All of the melody choices that I make are because of [it]."[114] The singer holds the Beatles' album The Beatles and Pet Sounds in high esteem and described them as "the only things I listened to for probably two years straight."[115]

Perry cites Alanis Morissette and her 1995 album Jagged Little Pill as a significant musical inspiration, opting to work with Morissette's frequent collaborator, Glen Ballard, as a result. Perry stated, "Jagged Little Pill was the most perfect female record ever made. There's a song for anyone on that record; I relate to all those songs. They're still so timeless." Additionally, Perry borrows influence from Flaming Red by Patty Griffin and 10 Cent Wings by Jonatha Brooke.[116] Perry lists Carole King, Bonnie Raitt, and Joni Mitchell as musical aspirations, and intends to become "more of a Joni Mitchell", releasing folk and acoustic music.[117] Perry's autobiographical documentary Katy Perry: Part of Me was largely influenced by Madonna: Truth or Dare. She admires Madonna's ability to reinvent herself, saying "I want to evolve like Madonna."[118]

Perry has listed multiple artists as having inspired her on specific songs and albums. Her third album, Teenage Dream, was styled significantly after the music of ABBA and the Cardigans. Aesthetically, she names Gwen Stefani and Björk as influences – particularly admiring the latter's "willingness to always be taking chances".[116] "Firework" was inspired by a passage in the book On the Road by Jack Kerouac in which the author compares people who are full of life to fireworks that shoot across the sky and make people go "Awww!".[119] Her second concert tour, the California Dreams Tour, was reminiscent of Alice In Wonderland and The Wizard of Oz.[1] She also credits the 1996 movie The Craft for being the influence behind her song "Dark Horse",[120] and Eckhart Tolle's book The Power of Now for influencing Prism.[77]

Musical style and themes

"When I am in between records, sometimes I doubt myself. I'll be like: Did I just get lucky, or did I mass-manipulate the world into thinking that seven songs were worth a number-one position? And then I go back into the studio and I start writing, and the true essential oil of who I am comes bubbling back up and reminds me that it's always been inside of me, that nobody can take this away no matter what comment anyone makes. It's going to be there because it's what I was born with and it's what I've worked on my whole life."

— Perry on her confidence as a songwriter[76]

While Perry's music contains elements of pop, rock, electronic, dance, and disco, Katy Hudson falls within gospel. Her subsequent release, One of the Boys, is predominantly pop rock and includes lyrical themes of heartbreak and teenage adventure. Teenage Dream features more electronic and disco influences and finds the singer touching on the subjects of teenage love, self-empowerment, and personal growth. Perry's fourth album, Prism, is significantly influenced by dance and pop music. Lyrically, the album addresses relationships, self-reflection, and living in the present. Many of her songs, particularly on Teenage Dream, reflect on life and love between teenage youths; W described them as "odes to adolescent lust wrapped up in irresistible hook-laden melodies".[121] Self-empowerment is a common theme in Perry's music.[122]

Perry identifies as a "singer-songwriter masquerading as a pop star"[123] and maintains that honest songwriting is very important to her. She told Marie Claire: "I feel like my secret magic trick that separates me from a lot of my peers is the bravery to be vulnerable and truthful and honest. I think you become more relatable when you're vulnerable."[124] Kristen Wiig commented that "as easy, breezy, and infectious as Perry's songs can be, beneath the surface lurks a sea of mixed emotions, jumbled motives, and contradictory impulses complicated enough to fill a Carole King record."[115] According to Greg Kot of Chicago Tribune "being taken seriously may be Perry's greatest challenge yet."[125] Perry's ability to relate to her audience through her music has been noted; W labeled her "pound for pound... the most potent pop star of the day – her hits are relatable with just a hint of experimentation".[121] Her use of idioms and metaphors in her lyrics has been criticized – with Randall Roberts of Los Angeles Times noting frequent "clichés" within her lyrics.[126] Perry has co-written songs for other recording artists, including Ashley Tisdale ("Time's Up")[127] Selena Gomez & the Scene ("Rock God" and "That's More Like It"),[128][129] Jessie James ("Bullet" and "Girl Next Door"),[130] Kelly Clarkson ("Long Shot" and "I Do Not Hook Up"),[131] Lesley Roy ("Slow Goodbye"),[132] Britney Spears ("Passenger"),[133] and Iggy Azalea ("Black Widow").[134]

Perry has a contralto vocal range.[135][136] Her singing has received both praise and criticism; Betty Clarke of The Guardian commented that her "powerful voice is hard-edged"[137] while Rob Sheffield from Rolling Stone described Perry's vocals as "processed staccato blips" on Teenage Dream.[138] Darren Harvey of musicOMH compared Perry's vocals on One of the Boys to Alanis Morissette's, both possessing a "perky voice shifting octaves mid-syllable".[139] Alex Miller from NME felt that on One of the Boys "Perry's problem is often her voice..... somewhere along the line someone convinced her she was like, well, a ballsy rock chick",[140] though Bernadette McNulty from The Daily Telegraph praised her "rock chick voice" in a review of a concert promoting Prism.[141]

Public image

Perry performing with a dress decorated with peppermint swirls
Perry's trademark spinning peppermint swirl dress

Perry is considered a sex symbol; GQ labelled her a "full-on male fantasy",[6] while Elle described her body "as though sketched by a teenage boy".[142] Vice described her as a "'serious' popstar/woman/sex symbol".[143] She was placed at number one on the Maxim Hot 100 in 2010, with readers voting her the "hottest woman on Earth".[144] Men's Health readers voted her the "sexiest woman of 2013".[145] In November 2010, Perry told Harper's Bazaar that she was proud and satisfied with her figure.[146]

Noted for her unconventional style of dress,[147] Perry's fashion choice often incorporates humor, brightly colors, and food-related themes[148] such as her trademark spinning peppermint swirl dress.[149] Vogue described her as "never exactly one to shy away from the outrageous or the extreme in any realm",[150] while Glamour named her the "queen of quirk".[151] In February 2009, Perry told Seventeen that her fashion style was "a bit of a concoction of different things" and stated she enjoyed humor in her clothing.[147] She has also described herself as having "multipersonality disorder" for fashion.[146] Perry lists Gwen Stefani, Shirley Manson, Chloë Sevigny, Daphne Guinness, Natalie Portman, and the fictional character Lolita as her style icons.[121][152]

On social media, Perry surpassed Justin Bieber as the most followed person on Twitter in November 2013.[153] In January 2014, she became the first person to gain 50 million followers on the site.[154] Forbes commended Perry on her social media usage, saying "Perry makes excellent use of Twitter, talking to her fans and sharing funny photos and videos in a way that makes them all feel like Perry is their best buddy."[155] Keith Caulfield of Billboard stated that she is "the rare celebrity who seems to have enormous popularity but genuine ground-level interaction with her adoring KatyCats."[156]

Other ventures

Philanthropy

Perry posing for photographers at a gala
Perry attending the UNICEF Snowflake Ball in late November 2012

Perry has supported various charitable organizations and causes during her career. She has contributed to organizations aimed at improving the lives and welfare of children in particular. In April 2013, she joined UNICEF to assist children in Madagascar with education and nutrition.[157] On December 3, 2013, she was officially named a UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador, "with a special focus on engaging young people in the agency's work to improve the lives of the world's most vulnerable children and adolescents."[158] A portion of the money generated from tickets to her Prismatic World Tour will go to UNICEF.[95] In September 2010, she helped build and design the Boys Hope/Girls Hope foundation in Baltimore for youth shelter along with Raven-Symoné, Shaquille O'Neal, and the cast of Extreme Makeover: Home Edition.[159] She has also supported children's education; in May 2014, Perry and a selection of other artists recorded a cover version of the song "Daisy Bell (Bicycle Built for Two)" for a concept album to accompany painter Mark Ryden's art exhibition, titled "The Gay 90s". All profits from sales of the album were donated to the charity Little Kids Rock, which supports musical education in underprivileged elementary schools.[100] In June 2014, she teamed up with Staples for a project entitled "Make Roar Happen" which donated $1 million to DonorsChoose, an organization that supports teachers and funds classroom resources in public schools.[160]

Perry has supported organizations aimed at aiding people suffering with diseases such as cancer and HIV/AIDS. During the 2008 Warped Tour, she had a cast made of her breasts to raise money for the Keep A Breast Foundation.[161] She hosted and performed at the We Can Survive concert along with Bonnie McKee, Kacey Musgraves, Sara Bareilles, Ellie Goulding, and duo Tegan and Sara at the Hollywood Bowl in Los Angeles, California, on October 23, 2013. The concert's profits were donated to Young Survival Coalition, an organization aiding breast cancer in young women.[162] In June 2009, she designed an item of clothing for H&M's "Fashion Against AIDS" campaign, which raises money for HIV/AIDS awareness projects.[163]

The proceeds from Perry's single "Part of Me" were donated to the charity MusiCares, which helps musicians in times of need.[164] During her California Dreams Tour, she raised over $175,000 for the Tickets-For-Charity fundraiser. The money was divided between three charities: the Children's Health Fund (CHF), Generosity Water, and The Humane Society of the United States.[165] On her 27th birthday, Perry set up a donations page for the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Auckland,[166] and set up a similar page benefiting the David Lynch Foundation for her 28th birthday.[167] On March 29, 2014, she helped raise $2.4 million for the Museum of Contemporary Art in Los Angeles along with other celebrities such as Ryan Seacrest, Pharrell Williams, Tim Allen, Lisa Edelstein, and Riley Keough.[168]

Politics

Perry is an LGBT rights activist. She supported Stonewall during their "It gets better..... today" campaign to prevent homophobic bullying,[169] and dedicated the music video to her song "Firework" to the It Gets Better Project.[170] Perry told Do Something in November 2008 "I am a gay activist and I say that proudly..... I've always been a very open-minded person, but I definitely believe in equality." She confirmed that she voted against Proposition 8, an amendment that would legally define marriage as a union solely between a man and a woman in California.[171] In June 2012, Perry expressed her hopes for LGBT equality, commenting "hopefully, we will look back at this moment and think like we do now concerning [other] civil rights issues. We'll just shake our heads in disbelief, saying, 'Thank God we've evolved.' That would be my prayer for the future."[172] In December 2012, Perry was awarded the Trevor Hero Award by The Trevor Project for her work and activism on behalf of LGBT youth.[173] She identifies as a feminist,[174] and appeared in a video clip for the "Chime For Change" campaign that aims to spread female empowerment in April 2013.[175] She has cited her support for universal health care, saying "the fact that America doesn't have free health care drives me fucking absolutely crazy, and is so wrong."[176]

Through Twitter and by performing at his rallies, Perry supported President Barack Obama in his run for re-election, due to his support for same-sex marriage[177] and equality.[178] She performed at three rallies for Obama, in Los Angeles, Las Vegas, and Wisconsin, singing a rendition of "Let's Stay Together" as well as a selection of her own songs. During one of the performances, she wore a dress made to replicate a voting ballot, with Obama's box filled in.[179] On Twitter, she encouraged her followers to vote for Obama.[180] In August 2013, Perry urged the general public not to vote for Australian Prime Minister Tony Abbott due to his opposition towards gay marriage.[181] In April 2014, she publicly supported Marianne Williamson in her campaign for California's 33rd congressional district by attending a political press event.[182]

Achievements

Perry has received many awards and nominations for her work as a recording artist. She has earned eleven Grammy nominations,[183] two American Music Awards,[184][185] four MTV Video Music Awards,[186][187] fourteen People's Choice Awards,[188] and two Guinness World Records.[36][53] In late September 2012, Billboard dubbed her the "Woman of the Year".[97] From May 2010 to September 2011, she spent a record-breaking total of 69 consecutive weeks in the top ten of the Billboard Hot 100.[54][189] Teenage Dream became the first album by a female artist to produce five number-one Billboard hits, and the second album overall after Michael Jackson's Bad (1987).[52] She was declared the Top Global Female Recording Artist of 2013 by the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry (IFPI).[98] As of June 2014, she has accumulated a total of nine number-one singles on the Hot 100, her most recent being "Dark Horse".[90] According to Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA), Perry is the third best selling digital singles artist in the United States, with 39.5 million digital singles sold. She trails behind only Rihanna and Taylor Swift.[190] RIAA also crowned her the Top Certified Digital Artist Ever, with 72 million cumulative digital single certifications including downloads and on-demand streams.[50] As of May 2014, she holds the record for most quintuple-platinum certified singles in the United States. Her songs "Firework", "E.T.", "California Gurls", "Hot n Cold", "Roar", and "Dark Horse" have each sold over 5 million digital copies.[191] As of November 2013, Perry has sold more than 11 million albums and 81 million singles worldwide.[192][193]

Discography

Tours

Headlining

Co-headlining

Filmography

See also

References

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Further reading

External links