Kauai County, Hawaii

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Kauai County, Hawaii
Seal of Kauai County, Hawaii
Seal
Map of Hawaii highlighting Kauai County
Location in the U.S. state of Hawaii
Map of the United States highlighting Hawaii
Hawaii's location in the U.S.
Founded 1905
Seat Lihue
Largest community Kapa‘a
Area
 • Total 1,266 sq mi (3,279 km2)
 • Land 620 sq mi (1,606 km2)
 • Water 646 sq mi (1,673 km2), 51.0%
Population (est.)
 • (2015) 71,735
 • Density 108/sq mi (42/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Hawaii-Aleutian: UTC-10
Website www.kauai.gov

Kauaʻi County is a county located in the U.S. state of Hawaiʻi. It consists of the islands of Kauaʻi, Niʻihau, Lehua, and Kaʻula. As of the 2010 Census the population was 67,091.[1] The county seat is Līhuʻe.[2]

The Kapa'a Micropolitan Statistical Area includes all of Kauai County.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,266 square miles (3,280 km2), of which 620 square miles (1,600 km2) is land and 646 square miles (1,670 km2) (51.0%) is water.[3] The Pacific Ocean surrounds the county.

Adjacent county[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Government and Politics[edit]

Kauaʻi County has a mayor-council form of municipal government. Executive authority is vested in the Mayor of Kauaʻi, elected by the voters on a non-partisan basis to a four-year term. Legislative authority is vested in the seven-member County Council. All members of the County Council are elected on a non-partisan, at-large basis to two-year terms.

United States Congress[edit]

Kauai County, like the rest of Hawaii, is represented entirely by Democrats in both the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives.

Senators Name Party First Elected Level
  Senate Class 1 Mazie Hirono Democratic 2013 Junior Senator
  Senate Class 3 Brian Schatz Democratic 2012 Senior Senator
Representatives Name Party First Elected Area(s) of Kauai County Represented
  District 2 Tulsi Gabbard Democratic 2013 entire county

Hawaii Legislature[edit]

Hawaii Senate[edit]

District Name Party First Elected Area(s) of Kaua'i County Represented
  8 Ron Kouchi Democratic 2010 entire county

Hawaii House of Representatives[edit]

District Name Party First Elected Area(s) of Kaua'i County Represented
  14 Nadine Nakamura Democratic 2016 Hanalei, Princeville, Kīlauea, Anahola, Kapa'a, Wailua
  15 James Tokioka Democratic 2007 Wailuā Homesteads, Hanamā'ulu, Līhu'e, Puhi, Kōloa, 'Ōma'o
  16 Dee Morikawa Democratic 2011 Ni'ihau, Lehua, Kōloa, Waimea

Elections[edit]

Federal[edit]

Kauai County has traditionally been a solid Democratic stronghold. The county has not voted Republican since the 1984 election, when it narrowly voted in favour of Ronald Reagan.

Presidential elections results[4]
Year Democrats Republicans
2016 62.5% 16,456 28.8% 7,574
2012 73.5% 18,641 24.1% 6,121
2008 75.0% 20,416 22.9% 6,245
2004 60.0% 14,916 39.2% 9,740
2000 61.9% 13,470 30.2% 6,583
1996 63.5% 13,357 25.3% 5,325
1992 56.0% 10,715 32.8% 6,274
1988 58.1% 11,770 40.9% 8,298
1984 48.3% 8,862 50.5% 9,249
1980 54.6% 9,081 35.4% 5,883
1976 55.8% 8,105 43.2% 6,278
1972 41.6% 5,401 58.4% 7,571
1968 62.1% 7,051 36.5% 4,140
1964 81.6% 8,713 18.4% 1,971
1960 45% 4,636 55% 5,655

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 20,734
1910 23,952 15.5%
1920 29,438 22.9%
1930 35,942 22.1%
1940 35,818 −0.3%
1950 29,905 −16.5%
1960 28,176 −5.8%
1970 29,761 5.6%
1980 39,082 31.3%
1990 51,177 30.9%
2000 58,463 14.2%
2010 67,091 14.8%
Est. 2015 71,735 [5] 6.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2015[1]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 58,463 people, 20,183 households, and 14,572 families residing in the county. The population density was 94 people per square mile (36/km²). There were 25,331 housing units at an average density of 41 per square mile (16/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 29.5% White, 0.3% Black or African American, 0.4% Native American, 36.0% Asian, 9.1% Pacific Islander, 0.9% from other races, and 23.8% from two or more races. 8.2% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 20,183 households out of which 34.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.9% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.8% were non-families. 21.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.87 and the average family size was 3.34.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.4% under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 27.2% from 25 to 44, 25.5% from 45 to 64, and 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 100.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.50 males.

Economy[edit]

Top employers[edit]

According to the County's 2010 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[11] the top non-government employers in the county are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Grand Hyatt Kauai Resort and Spa 997
2 Kauai Marriott Resort & Beach Club 564
3 Manu Kai (ITT/Ke`aki Technologies joint venture) 529
4 Wilcox Memorial Hospital 486
5 Walmart 417
6 Big Save 410
7 The St. Regis Princeville Resort 336
8 Sheraton Kauai Resort 309
9 Kauai Beach Resort 250
10 Nursefinders 238

Education[edit]

Higher education[edit]

Kauai Community College is the only institution of higher education in the county. One of the ten branches of the University of Hawai'i system, it offers a range of 2-year degrees and is accredited by the Western Association of Schools and Colleges.

Primary and Secondary Education[edit]

Public schools in the county are operated by the Hawai'i Department of Education, and the county is represented by Maggie Cox on the state's Board of Education. There are 14 elementary schools, 4 middle schools and 3 high schools in the county.

High Schools[edit]

Middle Schools[edit]

  • Kamakahelei Middle School
  • Kapa'a Middle School
  • Waimea Canyon Middle School
  • Ni'ihau Elementary and Middle School

Elementary Schools[edit]

  • Eleele Elementary School
  • Hanalei Elementary School
  • Kalaheo Elementary School
  • Kanuikapono PCS
  • Kapa'a Elementary
  • Kaumualii Elementary School
  • Kawaikini NCPS
  • Ke Kula Ni'ihau Kekaha PCS
  • Kekaha Elementary School
  • Kilauea Elementary School
  • Kōloa Elementary School
  • Kula Aupuni Niʻihau A Kahelelani Aloha
  • Wilcox Elementary School
  • Ni'ihau Elementary and Middle School

Private Schools[edit]

There are two private schools in the county: the Island School, and the Kahili Adventist School.

Transportation[edit]

Lihue Airport serves the island of Kauai. Bus service is provided by The Kauai Bus.

Major Highways[edit]

Communities[edit]

There are no incorporated communities in Kauai County.

Census-designated places[edit]

Other unincorporated place[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 28, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/index.html
  5. ^ "County Totals Dataset: Population, Population Change and Estimated Components of Population Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 28, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 28, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 28, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 28, 2014. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  11. ^ County of Kauai CAFR

Coordinates: 22°04′N 159°39′W / 22.067°N 159.650°W / 22.067; -159.650