Kaufman, Texas

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Kaufman, Texas
Maples Block in downtown Kaufman, Texas (2022)
Maples Block in downtown Kaufman, Texas (2022)
Motto(s): 
"Progress, Tradition"[1]
Location of Kaufman in Kaufman County, Texas
Location of Kaufman in Kaufman County, Texas
Coordinates: 32°35′7″N 96°18′28″W / 32.58528°N 96.30778°W / 32.58528; -96.30778Coordinates: 32°35′7″N 96°18′28″W / 32.58528°N 96.30778°W / 32.58528; -96.30778
CountryUnited States
StateTexas
CountyKaufman
Government
 • MayorJeff Jordan
Area
 • Total9.22 sq mi (23.88 km2)
 • Land9.05 sq mi (23.45 km2)
 • Water0.17 sq mi (0.43 km2)
Elevation
459 ft (140 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total6,703
 • Estimate 
(2019)[3]
7,788
 • Density860.17/sq mi (332.12/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
75142
Area code(s)214, 469, 945, 972
FIPS code48-38488[4]
GNIS feature ID1338964[5]
Websitewww.kaufmantx.org

Kaufman is a city in Kaufman County, Texas, United States. Its population was 6,797 at the 2020 census.[6] It is the county seat of Kaufman County.[7][8]

History[edit]

Kaufman was founded as "Kings Fort", named after Dr. William P. King, who established the fort in 1840 after purchasing 2.5 square miles (6.5 km2) of land where the city is now located. The community was renamed "Kingsboro" after five years of growth. In 1852, Kingsboro was renamed "Kaufman" after the newly formed Kaufman County, which in turn was named after David S. Kaufman.[8][9]

Kaufman was the first place that Bonnie Parker, of Bonnie and Clyde, was incarcerated.

Nearby Camp Kaufman was used as a German POW camp during World War II.[10]

Geography[edit]

U.S. Route 175, a four-lane limited access highway, passes through the southwest side of the city, leading northwest 33 miles (53 km) to Dallas and southeast 39 miles (63 km) to Athens. Texas State Highway 34 passes through the south and east sides of the city, leading north 12 miles (19 km) to Terrell and southwest 26 miles (42 km) to Ennis. State Highway 243 leads east from Kaufman 27 miles (43 km) to Canton.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Kaufman has a total area of 8.5 square miles (22.1 km2), of which 0.2 square miles (0.5 km2), or 2.08%, is covered by water.[11]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen climate classification, Kaufman has a humid subtropical climate, Cfa on climate maps.[12]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880490
18901,282161.6%
19002,37885.5%
19101,959−17.6%
19202,50127.7%
19302,279−8.9%
19402,65416.5%
19502,7142.3%
19603,08713.7%
19704,01230.0%
19804,65816.1%
19905,23812.5%
20006,49023.9%
20106,7033.3%
2019 (est.)7,788[3]16.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[13]
The Greenslade Drug Store in Kaufman

2020 census[edit]

Kaufman racial composition[6]
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[a]
Race Number Percentage
White (NH) 3,266 48.05%
Black or African American (NH) 621 9.14%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 18 0.26%
Asian (NH) 63 0.93%
Pacific Islander (NH) 5 0.07%
Some Other Race (NH) 11 0.16%
Mixed/Multi-Racial (NH) 259 3.81%
Hispanic or Latino 2,554 37.58%
Total 6,797

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 6,797 people, 2,177 households, and 1,427 families residing in the city.

2010 census[edit]

As of 2010 Kaufman had a population of 6,703. The median age was 32. The ethnic and racial composition of the population was 55.4% non-Hispanic White, 9.4% non-Hispanic Black, 0.9% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 13.6% some other race, and 3.5% from two or more races. About 32.6% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.[16]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, 6,490 people, 2,179 households, and 1,579 families were residing in the city. The population density was 977.9 people per square mile (377.4/km2). The 2,310 housing units had an average density of 348.1/sq mi (134.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 47.83% White, 12.87% African American, 0.66% Native American, 0.42% Asian, 15.92% from other races, and 2.31% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 39.74% of the population.

Of the 2,179 households, 40.9% had children under 18 living with them, 51.1% were married couples living together, 15.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.5% were not families; 24.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.1% had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 2.86, and the average family size was 3.39.

In the city, the age distribution was 30.4% under 18, 11.0% from 18 to 24, 30.1% from 25 to 44, 16.4% from 45 to 64, and 12.1% who were 65 or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $32,250, and for a family was $38,983. Males had a median income of $29,637 versus $23,695 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,024. About 12.4% of families and 15.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.2% of those under age 18 and 14.1% of those age 65 or over.

Sports[edit]

Kaufman was home to minor league baseball. The 1915 Kaufman Kings played as members of the Class D level Central Texas League before the league disbanded.[citation needed]

Education[edit]

Public schools[edit]

Kaufman and surrounding portions of Kaufman County are served by the Kaufman Independent School District.[17]

Private schools[edit]

Honors Academy operates the Legacy Academy, a grades 6–12 charter school, in Kaufman.[18]

In addition, Kaufman Christian School, a church-run school with classes from prekindergarten to 12th grade, also serves the area.

Colleges and universities[edit]

Trinity Valley Community College operates its Health Science Center in Kaufman. (The college offers other nonmedical general-education courses at other TVCC campuses.)


Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "City of Kaufman Texas". City of Kaufman Texas. Retrieved October 3, 2012.
  2. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  4. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ a b "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2022-05-22.
  7. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  8. ^ a b "Profile for Kaufman, Texas, TX". ePodunk. Retrieved October 3, 2012.
  9. ^ Minor, David (June 15, 2010). "Kaufman, TX". Handbook of Texas (online ed.). Texas State Historical Association.
  10. ^ Krammer, Arnold (1979). Nazi Prisoners of War in America. New York: Stein and Day. p. 245,262. ISBN 978-0812825718.
  11. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001), Kaufman city, Texas". American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved April 19, 2019.
  12. ^ "Kaufman, Texas Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase.
  13. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  14. ^ https://www.census.gov/[not specific enough to verify]
  15. ^ "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". www.census.gov. Retrieved 18 May 2022.
  16. ^ 2010 general profile of population and housing characteristics for Kaufman, Texas
  17. ^ "Kaufman Independent School District". Kaufman Independent School District. Archived from the original on October 29, 2012. Retrieved October 3, 2012.
  18. ^ "Home Archived 2011-07-27 at the Wayback Machine." Legacy Academy. Retrieved on September 6, 2011. "Legacy Academy * 607 South Madison Street * Kaufman, TX 75142"
  19. ^ "About Stuart Spitzer". stuartspitzer.com. Archived from the original on April 4, 2015. Retrieved December 3, 2014.
  1. ^ Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.[14][15]

External links[edit]