Kaumaram is a sub-tradition within Shaiva Hinduism which focuses on the deity Kumara, also known as Murugan, Skanda, Subramaniyam or Kartikeya. However, most devotees of Kumara also revere members of his family: Parvati, Shiva and Ganesha. The important theological texts relating to Kumara are a part of the Shaiva agama canon. This sub-tradition is found in South India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia and among the Tamil diaspora worldwide.
The term Kaumaram also means "childhood, youth" in Hindu texts, as in verse 2.13 of the Bhagavad Gita. It is sometimes a substitute for Brahmacharya stage of life.