Kaunas Cathedral Basilica

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Kaunas Cathedral Basilica of apostles St. Peter and St. Paul
Kauno Šv. apaštalų Petro ir Povilo arkikatedra bazilika
Kovno Cathedral.jpg
Religion
AffiliationRoman Catholic
DistrictOld Town
Year consecratedearly 15th century
Location
LocationKaunas, Lithuania
Architecture
TypeCathedral
StyleLate Gothic and Brick Gothic
Completed1624
Specifications
Direction of façadeWest
Length= 84.0 m (275 ft 7 in)
Width= 34.0 m (111 ft 7 in)
Height (max)28.0 m (91 ft 10 in)
Materialsclay bricks
Website
www.kaunoarkikatedra.lt

Cathedral Basilica of apostles St. Peter and St. Paul of Kaunas (Lithuanian: Kauno Šv. apaštalų Petro ir Povilo arkikatedra bazilika) is a Roman Catholic cathedral basilica in Kaunas, Lithuania.

History[edit]

The exact date when the first Gothic style church dedicated to apostles Saint Peter and Saint Paul, was built is unknown, but it was first mentioned in written sources in 1413. The first parochial school in Kaunas at the St. Peter and St. Paul church was mentioned in 1473.[1] The construction works were concluded only in 1624.

The church greatly suffered from the 1655 military campaign and was rebuilt in 1671, gaining some Renaissance features. Only one of the towers was rebuilt after the fire of the roof in 1732. As a part of renovation, the internal decorations were funded by the King Stanisław August Poniatowski in 1771. The main altar, a lectern and a choir were installed by Tomasz Podhajski in 1775.

The present day shape of the building results from a further renovation in 1800. The church was promoted to cathedral status by Pope Leo XIII in 1895. It received the Basilica title in 1926, when the Diocese of Samogitia was reorganized into the Metropolitan Archdiocese of Kaunas by Pope Pius XI. The building was included on the Registry of Immovable Cultural Heritage Sites of the Republic of Lithuania in 1996.[2] Pope Francis visited the cathedral on 23. September 2018.

Architecture[edit]

The cathedral, being 84 m long, 28 m height and 34 m wide, is the largest Gothic church in Lithuania. The Chapel of the Blessed Sacrament, built in 1895, is an independent extension of the southern nave with carved wood furnishings in the neo-gothic style.

Burials[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://datos.kvb.lt/en/index.php?option=com_laikotarpiai&task=view&id=18&Itemid=64 Kaunas: Dates and Facts. Kaunas from its Origins to the Fall of Grand Duchy of Lithuania
  2. ^ [1] The Registry of Immovable Cultural Heritage Sites: Unique object code: 842. Retrieved on 14 March 2011.

External links[edit]

Postage stamps - Lithuanian churches. Post Office of Lithuania.

Coordinates: 54°53′49″N 23°53′20″E / 54.897°N 23.889°E / 54.897; 23.889