Kausani

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Kausani
कौसानी
Hill Station
Sunset at Kausani
Sunset at Kausani
Kausani is located in Uttarakhand
Kausani
Kausani
Location in Uttarakhand, India
Coordinates: 29°50′N 79°36′E / 29.84°N 79.60°E / 29.84; 79.60Coordinates: 29°50′N 79°36′E / 29.84°N 79.60°E / 29.84; 79.60
Country  India
State Uttarakhand
District Bageshwar
Area
 • Total 5.2 km2 (2.0 sq mi)
Elevation 1,890 m (6,200 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 2,408
 • Density 460/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Sanskrit
 • Spoken Kumaoni
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 263639[1][2]
Telephone code 059628

Kausani (Hindi: कौसानी) is a hill station and Village situated in Bageshwar district in the state of Uttarakhand, India. It is famous for its scenic splendour and its spectacular 300 km-wide panoramic view of Himalayan peaks like Trisul, Nanda Devi and Panchchuli. Mahatma Gandhi called this place the 'Switzerland of India',[3][4] due to similarity in landscapes.

History[edit]

During Independence of India in 1947, Kausani was situated in the Almora District[5] till September 15, 1997 after which Bageshwar district was carved out of Almora district.[6] On 9 November 2000, the State of Uttarakhand was created from the Himalayan and adjoining northwestern districts of Uttar Pradesh.[7]

Geography[edit]

Trisul mountain as viewed from Kausani

Kausani is located at 29°51′15″N 79°35′48″E / 29.8541°N 79.5966°E / 29.8541; 79.5966[8] in Bageshwar district of Uttarakhand, India at a distance of 40 km (25 mi) from Bageshwar city,[9] the administrative Headquarter of Bageshwar District. Kausani is located 52 km (32 mi) north of Almora, a major hill station and the historical capital of Kumaon Kingdom.[10] Kausani lies in the Kumaon division and is situated 123 km (76 mi) North-East of Nainital, the Headquarters of Kumaon. Nearby Towns include Garur (16 km (9.9 mi)) and Someshwar (10 km (6.2 mi)). It has an average elevation of 1,890 m (6,200 ft) above mean Sea Level. Kausani lies atop a ridge amidst dense pine trees overlooking Someshwar valley on one side and Garur and Katyuri valley[3] on the other on Almora-Bageshwar-Didihat Highway. Kausani is a part of the Lesser Himalayas, a region watered by rivers like Kosi, Gomti and Ramganga.[11] Their banks, known as seras, are highly fertile.

Climate[edit]

Temperature ranges between 26 °C to 10 °C in summers.[12] Winters are quite cold with temperature ranging between 15 °C to 2 °C.[12] Rainfall lies between Max 3048 mm and Min 1777 mm.[12]

Demographics[edit]

According to Census 2011 information the location code or village code of Kausani State village is 051443.[13] Kausani State village is located in Garur Tehsil of Bageshwar district in Uttarakhand, India. It is situated 18 km (11 mi) away from sub-district headquarter Garur and 40 km (25 mi) away from district headquarter Bageshwar. As per 2009 stats, Kausani is the gram panchayat of Kausani State village.[13]

Kausani State is a large village located in Garud of Bageshwar district, Uttarakhand with total 512 families residing.[14] The total geographical area of village is 429.92 hectares.[15] Kausani State has a total population of 2,408 of which 1195 are males while 1213 are females as per Population Census 2011.[15]

In Kausani State village population of children with age 0-6 is 334 which makes up 13.87% of total population of village.[14][15] Average Sex Ratio of Kausani State village is 1015 which is higher than Uttarakhand state average of 963. Child Sex Ratio for the Kausani State as per census is 825,[15] lower than Uttarakhand average of 890.

Kausani State village has higher literacy rate compared to Uttarakhand. In 2011, literacy rate of Kausani State village was 87.80 %[14][15] compared to 78.82% of Uttarakhand. In Kausani State Male literacy stands at 96.25% while female literacy rate was 79.76%.[15]

In Kausani State village, most of the villagers are from Schedule Caste (SC). Schedule Caste (SC) constitutes 45.47 %[14] while Schedule Tribe (ST) were 0.33% of total population in Kausani State village.[15]

In Kausani State village out of total population, 1086 were engaged in work activities.[14][15] 54.24% of workers describe their work as Main Work (Employment or Earning more than 6 Months) while 45.76% were involved in Marginal activity providing livelihood for less than 6 months.[14] Of 1086 workers engaged in Main Work, 187 were cultivators (owner or co-owner) while 16 were Agricultural labourer.[15]

As per constitution of India and Panchyati Raaj Act, Kausani State village is administrated by Sarpanch (Head of Village) who is elected representative of village.[13] Kumaoni is spoken by majority however, Hindi and Sanskrit[16] are the official languages.

Economy[edit]

Many of Kausani’s men serve in the army – a phenomenon common in the northern hill towns of the country. The rest of the population depends on agriculture and allied activities, tourism and other small businesses for their livelihood.[17] The local handloom factory produces shawls, woolen apparel and blankets. Besides handloom products, the factory sells other local artefacts and tea from Kausani’s tea estate.[17] Kausani Tea Estate was established in 2000-2001 and produces 70,000 Kg Tea.[18]

In Kausani State village out of total population, 1086 were engaged in work activities.[14][15] 54.24% of workers describe their work as Main Work (Employment or Earning more than 6 Months) while 45.76% were involved in Marginal activity providing livelihood for less than 6 months.[14] Of 1086 workers engaged in Main Work, 187 were cultivators (owner or co-owner) while 16 were Agricultural labourer.[15]

Tourism[edit]

Panoramic view of the Himalayas from Kausani

Tourist Attaractions[edit]

Anashakti Ashram is a quiet and revered place where Mahatma Gandhi spent some days[19] and wrote his commentary of Anashkti Yog.[20] The KMVN (Kumaon Mandal Vikas Nigam) resthouse in Kausani is an ideal place to stay and it provides panoramic views of the mountains.

Trisul, Nanda Devi and Himalayan range from Kausani, Uttarakhand.

Lakshmi Ashram is one kilometre away from the Kausani, and is a center run by Kumauni women and dedicated to social service and the upliftment of women. Gandhiji's disciple, Sarla Behn (Kaitherine Heileman) established the ashram in 1946,[21][22] and spent her life here doing social service and also established Anashakti Ashram. Lakshmi ashram is located in a solitary area among dense pine forest.

Tea gardens (5 km on Bageshwar Road),[23] Baijnath group of temples (16.5 km on Bageshwar Road)[24] and Bageshwar are the places of interest nearby. A fabulous collection of high quality woollen shawls, exquisitely designed by the local weavers, can be purchased from Kumaon Shawl Emporium.[25]

Pant Museum is named after the famous Hindi poet, Sumitranandan Pant, who was born in Kausani,[26] the Museum has the articles of his daily use, drafts of his poems, letters, his awards etc. This Museum is at a short distance from the Kausani bus terminal.

Treks Near Kausani[edit]

Pindari and Kafni glacier trek Route Map

Places Around Kausani[edit]

A view of Himalaya from Kausani

Transport[edit]

Pantnagar Airport, located in Pantnagar (178 km) is the primary Airport serving entire Kumaon Region. Indira Gandhi International Airport, located in Delhi (431 km) is the nearest international Airport. Kathgodam railway station (145 km) is the nearest railway station. Kausani is well connected by motorable roads with major destinations of Uttarakhand state and northern India. Bus Services are provided by Uttarakhand Transport Corporation and K.M.O.U. Regular Taxis are available to Almora, Bageshwar, Garur and other major destinations of Kumaon region.

Education[edit]

There are mainly government-run, private unaided (no government help), and private aided schools in the city. The language of instruction in the schools is either English or Hindi. The main school affiliations are CBSE, CISCE or UBSE, the state syllabus defined by the Department of Education of the Government of Uttarakhand. Kausani State village has higher literacy rate compared to Uttarakhand. In 2011, literacy rate of Kausani State village was 87.80 %[14][15] compared to 78.82% of Uttarakhand. In Kausani State Male literacy stands at 96.25% while female literacy rate was 79.76%.[15]

Notable People[edit]

  • Sumitranandan Pant (20 May 1900 – 28 December 1977) was born in Kausani Village.
  • Mahatma Gandhi (2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948) stayed here for 14 days at the Anashakti Ashram, while scripting his book titled ‘Anashakti Yoga’.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Pin Code of Kausani in Uttarakhand". www.mapsofindia.com. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  2. ^ "Kausani Pin code". www.areapincodes.in. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  3. ^ a b "PHOTO उत्तराखंडः इन 5 जगहों पर मना सकते हैं गर्मियों की छुट्टियां". livehindustan.com. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  4. ^ "Uttarakhand: In the lap of Himalayas | Latest News & Updates at Daily News & Analysis". 22 September 2011. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  5. ^ Times World Atlas, 1967 Edition, Plate 30.
  6. ^ "development gains elude kumaon's holy place". Retrieved 3 August 2016. 
  7. ^ "About Us". Government of Uttarakhand. Retrieved 17 July 2012. 
  8. ^ "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Kausani, India". www.fallingrain.com. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  9. ^ Indusnettechnologies, Goutam Pal, Dipak K S, SWD. "Location: District of Bageshwar, Uttarakhand, India". bageshwar.nic.in. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  10. ^ Omacanda Hāṇḍā (2002). History of Uttaranchal. Indus Publishing. pp. 71–. ISBN 978-81-7387-134-4. Retrieved 22 July 2012. 
  11. ^ "Travel: Kausani, a little bubble of peace and beauty". 10 December 2015. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  12. ^ a b c Indusnettechnologies, Goutam Pal, Dipak K S, SWD. "Excursion: District of Bageshwar, Uttarakhand, India". bageshwar.nic.in. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  13. ^ a b c "kausani state - Village Overview". Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i 2011 census, BAGESHWAR (PDF). Retrieved 4 August 2016. 
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Kausani State Village Population - Garud - Bageshwar, Uttarakhand". www.census2011.co.in. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  16. ^ Trivedi, Anupam (19 January 2010). "Sanskrit is second official language in Uttarakhand". Hindustan Times. Archived from the original on 1 February 2012. Retrieved 29 July 2012. 
  17. ^ a b "Kausani: Of serene locales, tranquil trails and glorious sunsets". 11 March 2016. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  18. ^ Dehradun, NIC, Uttarakhand State Unit,. "Kausani Tea Factory: Uttarakhand Tea Development Board, Government Of Uttarakhand, India". utdb.uk.gov.in. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  19. ^ "The Rock Street Journals of Kumaon". Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  20. ^ "Kausani Hill Station, Uttarakhand". www.euttaranchal.com. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  21. ^ George Alfred James (2013). Ecology Is Permanent Economy: The Activism and Environmental Philosophy of Sunderlal Bahuguna. SUNY Press. pp. 228–. ISBN 978-1-4384-4673-8. 
  22. ^ "Kausani's 70-year-old Laxmi Ashram faces challenges - Times of India". Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  23. ^ "Kausani Tea Gardens". www.euttaranchal.com. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  24. ^ http://www.roaddistance.in/baijnath-group-of-temple-kausani-to-bageshwar-road-distance/by-road/
  25. ^ "Kausani, Uttarakhand Tourism Development Board". uttarakhandtourism.gov.in. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  26. ^ "Kausani : The Switzerland Of India: A Great Tourist Place". www.merapahad.com. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 

External links[edit]