Location of Kaushambi district in Uttar Pradesh
|• Lok Sabha constituencies||Kaushambi (Lok Sabha constituency)|
|• Vidhan Sabha constituencies||1. Chail 2. Manjhanpur 3. Sirathu|
|• Total||1,903.17 km2 (734.82 sq mi)|
|• Density||840/km2 (2,200/sq mi)|
|• Literacy||63.69 %|
|Time zone||UTC+05:30 (IST)|
Kaushambi district is a district in the state of Uttar Pradesh in India. Manjhanpur is the district headquarters, and Bharwari is the market center. The district was carved from Allahabad district on 4 April 1997. Manauri bajar connects Allahabad and Kaushambi districts by railway over a bridge on SH-95. Manjhanpur is south-west of Allahabad on the north bank of the Yamuna river, about 55 kilometres (34 mi) from the city. It is surrounded by Chitrakoot district on the south, Pratapgarh district on the north, Allahabad district on the east and Fatehpur district on the west. Kaushambi is part of Allahabad division. The nearest railway station, in Bharwari, connects with Delhi, Allahabad, Kolkata, Gaya and Kanpur.
|source:Government of India|
Kaushambi was the capital of the ancient Indian Vatsa Mahajanapada, one of 16 such kingdoms. According to the Puranas, Vatsa was named after a Kaśī king. The Ramayana and the Mahabharata attribute the founding of its capital' Kauśāmbī, to a Chedi prince (Kuśa or Kuśāmba). The Puranas state that after Hastinapur was washed away by the Ganges, the Bharata king Nicakṣu (great-great grandson of Janamejaya), abandoned the city and settled in Kauśāmbī. This is supported by the Svapnavāsavadattā and the Pratijñā-Yaugandharāyaṇa, attributed to Bhāsa. Both described the king, Udayana, as a scion of the Bhārata family (Bhārata-kula). The Puranas contain a list of Nicakṣu’s successors, which ends with the king Kṣemaka. Gautama Buddha visited Kaushambi several times during the reign of Udayana in his effort to spread the dharma, the Noble Eightfold Path and the Four Noble Truths, and Udayana was a Buddhist upāsaka. According to the Chinese translation of the Buddhist canonical text Ekottara Āgama, the first image of the Buddha (carved from sandalwood was made at Udayana's request. The Puranas state that his four successors were Vahināra, DanḍapāṇI, Niramitra and Kṣemaka. Vatsa was later annexed by Avanti. Maniprabha, Pradyota's great-grandson, ruled at Kauśāmbī as a prince of Avanti. Ashoka considered Kaushambi important, and placed a pillar there with inscriptions in Pali; a Jaina derasar was also constructed in Kaushambi. Both the pillar and the temple still exist there and the ruins of Vatsa and its university are still being excavated by archaeologists. Kaushambi is also the birthplace of sixth Jain Tirthankar Padam Prabhu Ji.
The present Kaushambi district was carved out of Prayagraj district on 4 April 1997. In 2006, the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Kaushambi one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640). It is one of the 34 districts in Uttar Pradesh currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
According to the 2011 census, Kaushambi district has a population of 1,596,909, roughly equal to the nation of Guinea-Bissau or the US state of Idaho. This gives it a ranking of 313th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 897 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,320/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 23.49%. Kaushambi has a sex ratio of 905 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 63.69%.
Kaushambi is a newly[when?] created district out of Prayagraj. It consists of small cities like Bharwari & have major towns such as Sarai akil, Chail, Manjhanpur, Daranagar, Kashiya Muratganj, Sirathu, Karari and Kara.It is very easy to reach Kaushambi by road; it is approximately 45 km from Prayagraj. This site is good for history lovers who have interest in ancient history. Many Kaushambi artifacts are in Prayagraj Museum. It has a few excavated sites, including a Pillar of Ashoka with inscriptions in Pali; surrounding the pillar is a historic site of ruins of the Vatsa Mahajanapada and its university. There is a Jain derasar 14 km from Sarai Akil. The soil is very fertile and it is world-famous for the Surkha Guava. The Surkha region lies mainly in Prayagraj.
- Sirathu railway Station, Sirathu
- Bharwari railway station, Bharwari
- Manauri railway station, Manauri bajar
Boxing - Late Honorary Captain Mohammad Aslam Siddiqui 'VSM' was a heavyweight boxer from Bharwari, Kaushambi-Uttar Pradesh. He dominated the Asian and Indian amateur boxing territory for almost 5 consecutive years. He was the winner of the Silver medal in the 1973 and 1975 Asian Amateur Boxing Championship held in Thailand and Yokohama respectively. He has won the National Championship in the heavyweight category an astounding 5 consecutive years (1973–78). Hon'ble Gyani Zail Singh, 7th President of India awarded the VISHISHT SEWA MEDAL (VSM) on 21 May 1986 for his excellent achievement in International Boxing and Hon'ble Shankar Dayal Sharma, 9th president of India awarded the Honorary Captain Rank for his excellent contribution in the Indian Army on 26 January 1993. Apart from International Boxing medals and honored, he got lots of medals for fighting in several Indian Army Operations and War against Pakistan. He ended on a very good note in Mecca (Saudi Arabia) during the Hajj in Dec 2007.
- "Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901". Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner. Archived from the original on 8 August 2019. Retrieved 15 September 2019.
- Geographical Review of India. Original from the University of Michigan: Geographical Society of India. 1951. p. 27.
- Hermann Kulke, Dietmar Rothermund (2004). A History of India. Routledge. p. 52. ISBN 0-415-32920-5.
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- Pargiter, F.E. (1972) Ancient Indian Historical Tradition, Motilal Banarasidass, Delhi, pp.269-70
- Raychaudhuri, Hemchandra (1972) Political History of Ancient India, University of Calcutta, Calcutta, p.117-8
- Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- "Kaushambi District Population Census 2011, Uttar Pradesh literacy sex ratio and density". Census Organization of India. 2012. Archived from the original on 3 January 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011.
Guinea-Bissau 1,596,677 July 2011 est.
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 1 January 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
Idaho 1,567,582Cite uses deprecated parameter