|340 Rattray Street, Dunedin
|Type||Secondary (Co-educational, Year 7-13)|
|Motto||Latin: Ipsa Duce
('With Her As Our Guide')
|Established||1989 (original secondary schools: 1871, 1876, 1897 and 1976)|
|Ministry of Education Institution no.||536|
|School roll||880 (2011)|
Kavanagh College is a Catholic, integrated, co-educational, secondary school located in central Dunedin, New Zealand. The school has a roll of approximately 900 students and was founded in 1989 as the successor of several other secondary (and one intermediate) schools the oldest of which was founded in 1871. Kavanagh is the only Catholic secondary school in Dunedin and is therefore open to enrolments from throughout the entire city. The school's proprietor is the Bishop of Dunedin.
- 1 Beginnings and expansion
- 2 Special Character
- 3 Roll of Honour
- 4 Culture at Kavanagh College
- 5 Sport
- 6 Principals of Kavanagh College
- 7 Antecedents of Kavanagh College
- 8 Notable alumni and staff
- 9 Notes
- 10 Main sources
- 11 See also
- 12 External links
Beginnings and expansion
Kavanagh College began operations in 1989 on the former sites of, and in the former buildings of, St Paul's High School, the Christian Brothers Junior School and St Dominic's College, between Rattray St and Tennyson St, these three sites being adjacent to each other. The college is named after the fourth Catholic Bishop of Dunedin John Patrick Kavanagh (Bishop, 1957–1985). Because of lack of space, the junior classes were accommodated at "south site" (formerly Moreau College) until 1993 when a new 18 classroom block was completed at a cost of $4 million. Further redevelopment in the 1990s saw the completion of a biology laboratory in an extended science block, the construction of a new auditorium accommodating 411 people and remodelled library, music studios and offices. In 2011, Kavanagh College expanded from its retricted main site by purchasing buildings and a carpark on the opposite side of Tennyson Street from Otago Polytechnic and thus inceasing the area of the college by 25%. Two of the buildings were demolished, their sites becoming a green area used for school recreation. One of the buildings was kept and used for 5 classrooms. That building (on the corner of York Place) has a historic connection with the important New Zealand artist Colin McCahon as that was where he was trained.
Kavanagh college is a large central city co-educational school which serves the entire city of Dunedin as the only Catholic secondary school in that city. It is an integrated school with a "special character" in terms of the Private Schools Conditional Integration Act 1975. This special character is broadly the connection of the school with the Catholic faith. Preference of enrolment is given to students who have established a link with the Catholic Church through baptism or membership of a parish. Preference is decided by the appropriate parish priest in each case. A preference certificate from the student's parish is required for each student with their application for enrolment at the school. Under the Act, the school may enrol "non-preference" students but the enrolment of such students is restricted to 5% of the total roll. The College does not have an enrollment scheme which means that there is no restriction on enrollment because of residence. The main contributing schools to the college are the Catholic parish schools of Dunedin. Enrolments come from both urban schools and rural schools.
Roll of Honour
Kavanagh honours former students who died in war. Many former Christian Brothers students died on war service during the first world war. For example, there were at least 83 war deaths from an average school attendance in 1893-1895 of 256 boys meaning that 32.42 percent of boys enrolled at that time died overseas in action. 49 ex-students of the Christian Brothers died in the second world war.
Culture at Kavanagh College
Kavanagh college emphasises cultural accomplishment including drama group and a Television Network (or KTVN). A Cultural Awards ceremony is held annually to celebrate cultural achievement. Each year all Kavanagh College students are given the opportunity to participate in the annual musical. The students can participate in the cast, band, or technical crew. The annual musicals are as follows:West Side Story (2002); Fame (2003); Godspell (2004); Les Misérables (2005); The Wiz (2006); The Boy Friend (2007); Footloose (2008); Disco Inferno (2009); Jesus Christ Superstar (2010); Grease (2011); Chicago (2012); Cabaret (2013).
Principals of Kavanagh College
- Brother Vincent Jury (1989-1992)
- Mr Paul Ferris (1992-2010)
- Mr Tracy O'Brien (2010–present)
Antecedents of Kavanagh College
The first Catholic school (1863)
The Otago settlement was established in 1848 and had an overwhelmingly Presbyterian character. There were very few Catholics there. However, in March 1861 gold was discovered at the Lindis Pass and Gabriel Read made public his successful discovery of gold at Tuapeka in June. The situation dramatically changed. Every steamer reaching Port Chalmers or Bluff was packed with would-be miners, many of whom were Catholics. Accordingly, Bishop Viard (Bishop of the Catholic diocese of Wellington in which Dunedin was located at that time) appointed Father Delphin Moreau SM, who had visited Otago in April 1859, to be its first resident priest. Mass was said in the courthouse until St Joseph's Church was completed in July 1862. In 1864 the Catholic population of Otago was estimated at over 15,000; chapels (many of them rough and ready) sprang up in the diggings and main towns, and schools came into existence. A school was opened in 1863 and was called St Joseph's School (it still exists as a primary school). "When the old wooden Provincial Government buildings were replaced by new brick ones, the former were sold. Father Moreau secured some of them for his school. One large room was put on the side of the Rattrey Street gully, below the church. It was divided into two parts - one for the boys and one for the girls. Other parts of the buildings were used as a coach house and stables. In 1864, the boys at the school were taught by Mr Shepherd and the girls were taught by Miss Campion. In 1870 Mr Shepherd still taught the boys and the girls were taught by Miss Conway. "Father Moreau took a great interest in the schools and was constantly among the children in the playground, always wearing his cassock which was green with age; he knew every child and was loved by them all. His hope was to obtain brothers and nuns to staff his schools."
St Dominic's College (1871-1976)
On Monday 20 February 1871, the Dominican Sisters who had arrived with the first Catholic Bishop of Dunedin, Patrick Moran, on 11 February, took charge of the girl's school. On 27 February a High School, St Dominic's College, for day pupils was opened. This school also took a small number of boarders. There were 27 boarders in a total role of approximately 200 in 1971, the centennial year of the college. The college existed in architectural splendour until 1976 being attached to the neo-gothic St Dominic's Priory (completed 1877), one of leading architect Francis Petre's "earliest commissions and one of his finest works" and being adjacent to Petre's St. Joseph's Cathedral, Dunedin (completed 1886).
Christian Brothers School (1876-1989)
On the morning of Sunday, 2 April 1876, four Irish Christian Brothers arrived in Dunedin at the invitation of Bishop Moran to establish a secondary school for boys. "They were met by Bishop Moran and a group of Catholics and driven rapidly to Dunedin where, at 11.00am Mass, Brothers Bodkin, Dunne, Healey and McMahon were introduced to the people." A school for boys was built on Rattray Street. In 1915 a new brick building fronting tennyson Street replaced the original school. The name of the school changed to Christian Brothers High School in 1928. Rapidly-rising rolls in the 1950s led to the diocese purchasing properties in both Rattray and Tennyson Streets and converting them to classrooms." It was clear that the rebuilding of Christian Brothers High School was not sufficient and that a more permanent solution was called for. This occurred in 1964, when a fine new building was erected fronting Rattray St, and Christian Brothers High School became St Pauls High School. The school celebrated its centennial in 1976. The older school building, housing the primary department, became a separate entity and was known as Christian Brothers' Junior School. The Christian Brothers lived opposite the school.
St Philomena's College (1897-1976)
On the morning of Sunday, 17 January 1897, the Sisters of Mercy arrived in Dunedin from Ireland at the invitation of Michael Verdon the second Catholic Bishop of Dunedin. The sisters established themselves in South Dunedin and in April 1897 opened a high school for girls. It was opened " ... with the very small roll of four pupils." This was the beginning of St Philomena's College.
St Edmund's School (1949-1989)
To help relieve the pressure on the Christian Brother's Rattray Street school roll a second school, St Edmund's, was opened in South Dunedin in 1949. This was a primary school for boys from about 9 years of age to 12 years of age (Standard 3 (Year 5) to Form 2 (Year 8)). The school closed as part of the reorganising of the Catholic schools in Dunedin in 1989.
Moreau College (1976-1989)
Early in the 1970s the roll numbers at both of Dunedin's Catholic girls' colleges, St Dominic's and St Philomena's, showed a slight reduction. At the same time, the demand for a greater variety of options for girls, particularly in the upper secondary classes, was gradually increasing so that it was becoming more difficult to maintain a full secondary school with a roll of less than 500. "It also had to be taken into account that the buildings at St Dominic's in Rattray Street were deteriorating and the cost of repair or renewal was considerable." The buildings at St Philomena's were newer and in a much better condition. It was therefore decided to merge the two school on the St Philomena's site in 1976. The new college was called Moreau College after the first resident priest of Dunedin. Moreau College was closed in 1989 and its students transferred to the new Kavanagh College.
In 1989 the new Catholic co-educational school, Kavanagh College, resulting from the amalgamation of Moreau College for girls and St Paul's High School (i.e. the Christian Brothers School) for boys, commenced. The senior classes of St Edmund's School (i.e. years 7 and 8) transferred to the new college. The junior classes (Years 5 and 6) were accommodated in Dunedin Catholic primary schools and St Edmund's closed. The religious orders of Dominican Sisters, Christian Brothers, and the Sisters of Mercy were the teaching foundation of the amalgamation. Brother Vincent Innocent Jury cfc was appointed as the first principal of the new college. He was the last of the 23 Christian Brother Principals to exercise authority in Rattray Street in the 115 years from 1876 to 1992. The decision to end the tradition of Catholic single-sex education in Dunedin (especially in relation to the closing of Moreau College) and to combine the Catholic secondary schools into a co-educational college was controversial especially in relation to senior senior staff appointments at the new college.
Notable alumni and staff
The following persons have been associated with Kavanagh College or any of its predecessor schools.
- James K Baxter (1926–1972) - poet, former Teacher (St Paul's High School).
- Winifred Kathleen Joan Davin (1909–1995) - Teacher, community worker, editor (St Dominic's)
- Kylie Price - New Zealand singer-songwriter (Kavanagh)
- Andrew Todd (1904–1976) - leading New Zealand businessman, (Christian Brothers).
- Bryan Todd (1902–1987) - leading New Zealand businessman (Christian Brothers).
- James Michael Liston (1881–1976) (Archbishop) - Seventh Catholic Bishop of Auckland, (Christian Brothers).
- Peter Thomas Bertram McKeefry (1899–1973) - Cardinal (New Zealand's first); Third Catholic Archbishop of Wellington and Metropolitan of New Zealand (1954–1973), (Christian Brothers).
- Brother M Paul Nunan - taught at Christian Brothers School from 1876 till 1883; arrived in Dunedin eight months after the foundation Christian Brother community.
- Hugh John O'Neill (1898–1955) Bishop; Coadjutor Bishop of Dunedin (1943–1949). (Christian Brothers)
- Donald John Cameron (born 20 February 1933) - journalist and sportswriter (Christian Brothers)
- Moyra Todd (1900–1986) - philanthropist (St Dominic's).
- Sheila Todd (1906–1999) - philanthropist (St Dominic's).
Politics and public service
- John Bartholomew Callan (1882–1951) - Justice of the Supreme Court, (Christian Brothers).
- Mick Connelly (1916–2003) - Member of Parliament for Riccarton (1956–1969), Wigram (1969–1978) and Yaldhurst (1978–1984); Minister of Police, and Minister of Customs (both 1972-1975) and, in 1975, Minister of Works and Development and Minister of Statistics, (Christian Brothers).
- Clare Curran - Member of Parliament for Dunedin South (2008–present) (Moreau)
- Marian Hobbs - Member of Parliament (1996–2005); Minister for the Environment (1999–2004), Minister of Biosecurity (1999–2002), Minister of Broadcasting (1999–2004), and Minister Responsible for the National Library of New Zealand and Archives New Zealand (1999–2002); Minister for Disarmament and Arms Control (2002–2004), Associate Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade with responsibility for Official Development Assistance (2002–2004), Associate Minister for Biosecurity (2002–2004), Associate Minister of Education (2002–2004) and Minister Responsible for Urban Affairs (2002–2004) (St Dominic's)
- Brian MacDonell - Member of Parliament for Dunedin Central (1963–1984); Parliamentary Under-Secretary for Trade & Industry and Energy Resources (1973–1975), (Christian Brothers).
- Patrick Jerad O'Dea (1917–2010) - senior public servant; New Zealand secretary to Queen Elizabeth II, 1969, (Christian Brothers).
- Foss Shanahan (1910–1964) - New Zealand diplomat and senior public servant, (Christian Brothers).
- Joe Walding (born 1926) - Member of Parliament for Palmerston North (1967 to 1975) and (1978 to 1981); Minister of Overseas Trade (1972–1975), Minister for the Environment (1972–1974), Minister of Recreation and Sport (1972–1975) (Christian Brothers).
- Michael Woodhouse (born c.1965) - National Party List Member of Parliament, Chief Government whip (2008–2013); (Cabinet Minister 2013–present: Minister of Immigration and Minister of Veterans’ Affairs, Associate Minister of Transport) (St Paul's High School).
- Nicholas Beard - Otago Cricket and New Zealand XI Representative (Kavanagh).
- Andrew Boyens - Professional New Zealand Footballer, Member of the New Zealand National Football Team, The "All Whites" at the 2010 World Cup (Kavanagh).
- Donald John Cameron (born Dunedin 20 February 1933), journalist and sportswriter. (Christian Brothers)
- Stephen Timothy Casey (1882–1960) - All Black (1905 to 1908) Original All Blacks (Christian Brothers).
- Sean Eathorne - Otago Cricket Representative (Kavanagh).
- Richard Fogarty - All Black (1921) (Christian Brothers).
- Samara Gallaher - New Zealand Basketball Representative (Kavanagh).
- Anthony Harris - Otago Cricket Representative; Teacher (Kavanagh).
- Brian Verdon McCleary (1891–1980) - All Black (1924–1925) played on the Invincibles tour; New Zealand and Australasian amateur and professional light-heavyweight and heavyweight boxing champion (Christian Brothers)
- Ti'i Paulo - New Zealand Rugby Player - Samoa, ASM Clermont, Crusaders, Canterbury, Tasman, New Zealand Under-21 Captain, New Zealand Under-19 (Kavanagh).
- Kevin Lawrence Skinner - All Black, (Christian Brothers).
- Lindsay James Townsend - All Black (1955) (Christian Brothers)
- Michael Bracewell - Otago Cricket Representative; represented New Zealand as a member of the under 19 team. (Kavanagh)
- "Classroom block nearly ready". Otago Daily Times (Dunedin). 25 January 1993. p. 3.
- "Nightmare task moving into new school". Otago Daily Times (Dunedin). 3 February 1993. p. 19.
- "Kavanagh redevelopment". Otago Daily Times (Dunedin). 24 November 1995. p. 4.
- Brown, Keith (2 February 1996). "The Demolition of a two story brick building". Otago Daily Times (Dunedin). p. 7.
- Lewis, John (20 April 2011). "Kavanagh College expansion begins". Otago Daily Times (Dunedin). p. 6.
- "Kavanagh College web site". 14 February 2014. Retrieved 14 February 2014.
- Seán, Brosnahan (2010). "‘Taking off the Gloves’: Sectarianism in New Zealand Rugby in the 1920s". Ireland and the Irish Antipodes: one world or worlds apart?: papers delivered at the 16th Australasian Irish Studies Conference, Massey University, Wellington, New Zealand 9-12 July 2009. Spit Junction, N.S.W.: Anchor Books Australia. pp. 116 and 117.
- Porteous, Debbie (22 April 2010). "Honour roll makes pupils think". Otago Daily Times (Dunedin). Retrieved 14 February 2014.
- McMurran, Alistair (29 May 2013). "College honours NZ rowing reps". Otago Daily Times (Dunedin). Retrieved 14 February 2014.
- "Matters of principal". Otago Daily Times (Dunedin). 3 July 2010. p. 52.
- "Kavanagh principal Paul Ferris to retire". Otago Daily Times (Dunedin). 22 October 2009.
- Sister Mary Augustine McCarthy, O.P. Star in the South: The Centennial History of the New Zealand Dominican Sisters, St Dominic's Priory, Dunedin, 1970, p. 31.
- A G Butchers, Young New Zealand, Dunedin, Coulls Somerville Wilkie Ltd., Dunedin, 1929, p. 154.
- Sister Mary Augustine McCarthy, O.P., p. 31.
- Dominican Star: Centennial Year 1971, St Dominic's College, 1971, pp. 7 and 25.
- Sister Mary Augustine McCarthy, O.P., pp. 37 and 38.
- Frances Porter (ed), Historic Buildings of New Zealand: South Island, "Petre Churches" (text by E.J. McCoy), Cassell New Zealand for the New Zealand Historic Places Trust, Dunedin, 1983, pp. 151 and 152.
- Graeme Donaldson, To All Parts of the Kingdom: Christian Brothers in New Zealand 1876-2001, Christian Brothers New Zealand Province, Christchurch, 2001, pp. 5 and 6.
- Meehan & Scanlan 1976, p. 11.
- J.C. O'Neill, The History of the Work of the Christian Brothers in New Zealand, unpublished Dip. Ed. thesis, University of Auckland, 1968. p. 66; Graeme Donaldson, p. 6.
- Dungey, Kim (26 December 2009). "Boutique hotel made to order". Otago Daily Times (Dunedin).
- Sister M Stephanie, Divide and Share: The Story of Mercy in the South 1897-1997, The Sisters of Mercy, Dunedin 1996, pp. 13 and 18; Sister M Regis (ed), The Philomenian; Celebrating 100 years, St Philomena's College Centenary Committee, 1997.
- Graeme Donaldson, pp. 7 and 8.
- Sister M. Stephanie, pp. 103 and 104.
- Graeme Donaldson, p. 8.
- Articles "Shock that Moreau thought expendable" and "True equality for women the task" in the New Zealand Tablet 4 Dec 1985 page 6
- Davin, Anna (2013). "Davin, Winifred Kathleen Joani". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, updated 7-Jun-2013. Wellington.
- "Distinguished former pupils", 1876-1976: The First 100 Years in New Zealand at Christian Brothers School Dunedin, Christian Brothers School Centennial Committee, Dunedin, 1976. pp. 37-38.
- Ross Galbreath, Enterprise and energy: the Todd family in New Zealand, Todd, Wellington, 2010, pp. 55 and 90.
- "Billionaire ranks swell on Rich List". The New Zealand Herald. 17 August 2007. Retrieved 11 September 2011.
- "Graeme Hart Tops New Zealand’s Business Review Rich List Again", Bloomberg Businessweek, 29 July 2010.
- He also attended Saint Ignatius' College, Sydney.
- Meehan & Scanlan 1976, p. 30.
- O'Neill 2010, p. 38.
- Meehan & Scanlan 1976, p. 37.
- Catholic Herarchy website, Hugh John O'Neill
- Geoff Lonley, "D J Cameron offers his opinion" The Press, 14 Nov 1998; sup.p.2.
- D J Cameron, Someone had to Do it, Harper Sports, Auckland, 1998.
- Galbreath 2010, pp. 284-295.
- Galbreath 2010, pp. 337-346.
- "Civil servant also a born diplomat", The Dominion Post, 18 September 2010, p. A25.
- Labrum, Bronwyn. 'Todd, Kathleen Mary Gertrude 1898 - 1968'. Dictionary of New Zealand Biography, updated 22 June 2007
- He also attended St. Kevin's College, Oamaru.
- Hamish Bidwell, "Bracewell family firmly back in the cricket limelight", The Dominion Post, 14 December 2011, p, D1(retrieved 14 December 2011).
- A G Butchers, Young New Zealand, Dunedin, Coulls Somerville Wilkie Ltd., Dunedin, 1929.
- JC O'Neill (1968). The History of the Work of the Christian Brothers in New Zealand. Auckland: Unpublished Dip Ed. thesis, University of Auckland.
- Sister Mary Augustine McCarthy, O.P., Star in the South: The Centennial History of the New Zealand Dominican Sisters, St Dominic's Priory, Dunedin, 1970.
- W.J Meehan and B.J. Scanlan, ed. (1976). The First 100 Years in New Zealand at Christian Brothers School Dunedin. Dunedin: 1976 Centennial Committee/Christian Brothers Old Boys Association.
- Sister M Stephanie, Divide and Share: The Story of Mercy in the South 1897-1997, The Sisters of Mercy, Dunedin 1996.
- Sister M Regis (ed), The Philomenian; Celebrating 100 years, St Philomena's College, Centenary Committee, Dunedin, 1997.
- Graeme Donaldson, To All Parts of the Kingdom: Christian Brothers in New Zealand 1876-2001, Christian Brothers New Zealand Province, Christchurch, 2001, pp. 5 and 6.
- Galbreath, Ross (2010). Enterprise and Energy: The Todd Family of New Zealand. Wellington: Todd.
- Catholic-hierarchy website
- Catholic Diocese of Dunedin
- Catholic Church in New Zealand
- Kavanagh College
- Education Review Office report