Kalapi

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Sursinhji Gohil 'Kalapi'
Sursinhji Gohil "Kalapi"
Sursinhji Gohil "Kalapi"
Native name
સુરસિંહજી તખ્તસિંહજી ગોહિલ
BornSursinhji Takhtasinhji Gohil
(1874-01-26)26 January 1874
Lathi, Amreli, British India
Died9 June 1900(1900-06-09) (aged 26)
Lathi, Bombay presidency, British India
Pen nameKalapi
Occupationpoet, writer
LanguageGujarati
NationalityIndian
EducationStd. 5 (English medium)
Alma materRajkumar College, Rajkot
Periodpre-independence Gujarati literature
GenresGhazal, Narrative poetry, Metrical verse
SubjectsLove and Spirituality
Notable works
  • Kalapino Kekarav (1903)
  • Kashmirno Pravas (1912)
Years active1892–1900
Spouse
  • Rajba a.k.a. Rama (1889–1900)
  • Kesharba a.k.a. Aanandiba (1889–1900)
  • Monghi aka Shobhna (1898–1900)

Signature
Website
Official website Edit this at Wikidata

Sursinhji Takhtasinhji Gohil (1874–1900), popularly known by his pen name, Kalapi was a Gujarati poet and the Thakor (prince) of Lathi state in Gujarat. He is mostly known for his poems depicting his own pathos.

He lived in Lathi-Gohilwad, which is located in the Saurashtra region of Gujarat.

Life[edit]

Sursinhji Gohil was born to the royal family of Lathi in 1874. His mother's name was Ramba. He died in 1900 at 26 years of age. He was educated at Rajkumar College, Rajkot. Kalapi was married—at the age of 15—to two princesses. These were Rajba-Ramaba (born 1868), the princess of KutchRoha; and Kesharba-Anandiba (Born 1872), the princess of Saurashtra–Kotada.

When Kalapi was 20 years old, he fell in love with a family maid, Shobhana, who served his royal family.[1]

It is believed that Kalapi's love for Shobhana became a source of conflict with Rajba-Ramaba and the reason for his subsequent death due to poisoning by her.[2][3]

Works[edit]

Handwriting of Kalapi (A letter written to Monghi (a.k.a. Shobhana)

In spite of his short life, Kalapi's body of work was large. The poet penned about 250 poems, including about 15,000 verses. He also authored a number of prose writings and over 900 letters to his friends and wives. He not only used the Gujarati language as his medium to elaborate on his thoughts, but also translated four English novels to Gujarati.

Kalapi mentored a number of budding poets who carried on his style of writing, many of whom become famous in their own right. The most prominent among these was Kavi Lalitji, who was about the same age as Kalapi, and was already an established poet when he was invited to the Lathi Darbar as a tutor for the royal children. He came under Kalapi's influence and the two became great friends. Lalitji went on to become the Rajya Kavi (Royal Bard) of Lathi.

Kavi Kalapi had written poems in various Chhand of the Gujarati language. Like Mandakranta, Shardulvikridit, Shikharini and others, to write poems in Chhand, one has to follow the structure of that chhand and the rules of chhandas poetry. Aapni Yadi is one of his best known ghazal in the Gujarati literature.[4]

Today, the Kalapi Museum has been set up in Lathi, where visitors can gather more information about Kavi Kalapi's life and the history of the Gohilwad Kingdom.

Legacy[edit]

In his remembrance, the Indian National Theater at Mumbai, since 1997, gives the Kalapi Award to an accomplished Gujarati ghazal poet annually.

Museum[edit]

Kalpi Tirtha Museum

The Kalpi Tirtha Museum[5] holds objects related to the life of the Gujarati poet Kalpi. The museum was inaugurated in 2005.[6] It is located at Lathi on the birthplace of Kalpi in the Amreli district of Gujarat. There is a huge collection of articles written by the artists themselves, letters, the rare items they used, and the history of the monarchy. The memorials were also associated with the Kalpi Tirtha, where the Kalpati lived, the palace, which was sitting on the banks of the lake. This place is a center of attraction for Gujarat's literature makers.[7] There is a small auditorium on the upper floors of Kalpitirth Bhawan. Apart from Wednesdays, this museum gives free entry. Videography and photography are permitted.

In popular culture[edit]

The 1966 Gujarati film, "Kalapi", is based on his life. Sanjeev Kumar plays the titular role, and Padmarani plays the role of his wife, Rama. The film was directed by Manhar Raskapur.[8]

First wife, Rajba a.k.a. Rama
Second wife, Kesharba a.k.a. Anandiba
Third wife, Monghi a.k.a. Shobhana

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Joseph T. Shipley, ed. (1946). Encyclopedia of Literature. New York: Philosophical Library. p. 514 – via Questia.
  2. ^ Amaresh Datta (1988). Encyclopaedia of Indian Literature. 2. Sahitya Akademi. p. 1436. ISBN 978-81-260-1194-0.
  3. ^ "Kavi Kalapi's birth anniversary celebrated". The Times of India. Jan 27, 2011. Retrieved July 1, 2014.
  4. ^ K. M. George (1992). Modern Indian Literature, an Anthology: Surveys and poems. New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi. p. 557. ISBN 978-81-7201-324-0.
  5. ^ "Kalapi Tirth – Lathi | District Amreli, Government of Gujarat". amreli.nic.in. Retrieved 2018-10-06.
  6. ^ "Kalapi Tirth Museum Lathi". gt.intentlabs.com. Retrieved 2018-10-06.
  7. ^ "Verse comes to worst in parched Amreli - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2018-10-06.
  8. ^ K. Moti Gokulsing; Wimal Dissanayake (17 April 2013). Routledge Handbook of Indian Cinemas. Routledge. p. 94. ISBN 978-1-136-77284-9. Retrieved 21 April 2017.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]