Originally constructed by Australian Commandos as a single runway, it was later taken and occupied by the Japanese on 23 Jan 1942, going on to expand and improve it. The airbase was regularly bombed by the Americans throughout 1943-44, the Japanese continued to actively use the airbase until 1944.
After the end of the war, it was converted to civilian use, and now possesses a modern, though small terminal facility.
On 17 Jun, 2016 an agreement was signed with the New Ireland Provincial Government to initiate the Kavieng Airport Project, intended to upgrade the site to an International Airport. To do this the existing runway will be extended 3.4m in length and 365.67m in width to meet international standards.