Kawagoe Domain (川越藩 Kawagoe-han) was a feudal domain under the Tokugawa shogunate of Edo period Japan. It is located in Musashi Province, Honshū. The domain was centered at Kawagoe Castle, located in what is the city of Kawagoe in Saitama Prefecture.
The domain had its beginning in 1590, when Toyotomi Hideyoshi defeated the Late Hōjō clan in the Siege of Odawara. Hideyoshi awarded vast Hōjō holdings to Tokugawa Ieyasu, who enfoeffed Sakai Shigetada as daimyo of Kawagoe with a assessed kokudaka of 10,000 koku. Shigetada was transferred in 1601, and the next daimyo was appointed in 1609.
Afterwards, the domain was reassigned every couple of generations to a large number of fudai daimyo clans, spending the longest time under the control of a branch of the Echizen Matsudaira clan (1767-1867) with a rating of 170,000 koku.
The final daimyō of Kawagoe, Matsudaira Yasutoshi, served as domain governor until 1871, and was awarded the title of shishaku (marquis) under the kazoku peerage system. Kawagoe Domain subsequently became part of Saitama Prefecture.
Bakumatsu period holdings
As with most domains in the han system, Kawagoe Domain consisted of several discontinuous territories calculated to provide the assigned kokudaka, based on periodic cadastral surveys and projected agricultural yields.
- Musashi Province
- Hitachi Province
- 27 villages in Taga District
- Mikawa Province
- 1 village in Hazu District
- Omi Province
List of daimyo
|#||Name||Tenure||Courtesy title||Court Rank||kokudaka||Notes|
|Sakai clan (fudai) 1590-1601|
|1||Sakai Shigetada (酒井重忠)||1590-1601||Kawachi-no-kami (河内守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||10,000 ‘'koku||transfer to Maebashi Domain|
|Sakai clan (fudai) 1609-1634|
|1||Sakai Tadatoshi (酒井忠利)||1609-1627||Bungo-no-kami (備後守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||20,000 ->37,000 koku||transfer from Tanaka Domain|
|2||Sakai Tadakatsu (酒井忠勝)||1627-1634||’'Sasho-sho (左少将)||Lower 4th (従四位下)||80,000 ->100,000 koku||transfer to Obama Domain|
|Hotta clan (fudai) 1635 -1638|
|1||Hotta Masamori (堀田正俊)||1635-1638||Kaga-no-kami (加賀守)||Lower 4th (従四位下)||35,000 koku||transfer to Matsumoto Domain|
|Matsudaira (Nagasawa-Ōkōchi) clan (fudai) 1639 -1694|
|1||Matsudaira Nobutsuna (松平信綱)||1639-1662||Izu-no-kami (伊豆守)||Lower 4th (従四位下)||70,000 koku||from Oshi Domain|
|2||Matsudaira Terutsuna (松平輝綱)||1662-1672||Kai-no-kami (甲斐守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||70,000 koku|
|3||Matsudaira Nobuteru (松平信輝)||1672-1694||Izu-no-kami (伊豆守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||70,000 koku||transfer to Koga Domain|
|Yanagisawa clan (fudai) 1694-1704|
|1||Yanagisawa Yoshiyasu (松平康長)||1694-1704||Mino-no-kami (美濃守); Jijū (侍従)||Lower 4th (従四位下)||72,000->112,000 koku|
|Akimoto clan (fudai) 1704-1767|
|1||Akimoto Takatomo (秋元喬知)||1704-1714||Tajima-no-kami (但馬守)||Lower 4th (従四位下)||50,000->60,000 koku||transfer from Tanimura Domain|
|2||Akimoto Takafusa (秋元喬房)||1714-1737||Tajima-no-kami (但馬守)||Lower 4th (従四位下)||60,000 koku|
|3||Akimoto Takamoto (秋元喬求)||1738-1742||Etchu-no-kami (越中守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)|
|4||Akimoto Takatomo (秋元凉朝)||1742-1767||Tajima-no-kami (但馬守)||Lower 4th (従四位下)||60,000 ‘'koku||transfer to Yamagata Domain|
|Matsudaira (Echizen) clan (fudai) 1767-1867|
|1||Matsudaira Motonori (松平朝矩)||1767-1768||Yamato-no-kami (大和守); Jijū (侍従)||Lower 4th (従四位下)||150,000 koku||transfer from Maebashi Domain|
|2||Matsudaira Naotsuna (松平直恒)||1768-1810||Yamato-no-kami (大和守); Jijū (侍従)||Lower 4th (従四位下)||150,000 koku|
|3||Matsudaira Naonobu (松平直温)||1810-1816||Yamato-no-kami (大和守); Jijū (侍従)||Lower 4th (従四位下)||150,000 koku|
|4||Matsudaira Naritsune (松平斉典)||1816-1850||Sakon-no-shosho (左近衛少将); Jijū (侍従)||Upper 4th (従四位上)||150,000 -> 170,000 koku|
|5||Matsudaira Tsunenori (松平典則)||1850-1854||Yamato-no-kami (大和守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||170,000 koku|
|6||Matsudaira Naoyoshi (松平直侯)||1855-1861||Yamato-no-kami (大和守); Jijū (侍従)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||170,000 koku|
|7||Matsudaira Naokatsu (松平直克)||1861-1867||Sakon-no-shosho (左近衛少将); Jijū (侍従)||Upper 4th (従四位上)||170,000 koku|
|Matsudaira (Matsui) clan’’' (fudai) 1861-1871|
|1||Matsudaira Yasuhide (松平康英)||1866-1869||Suo-no-kami (周防守); Jiju (侍従)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||84,000 ‘'koku||from Tanakura Domain|
|2||Matsudaira Yasutoshi (松平康載)||1869-1871||Suo-no-kami (周防守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||84,000 ‘'koku||domainal governor|
- The content of this article was largely derived from that of the corresponding article on Japanese Wikipedia.
- Papinot, E (1910). Historical and Geographic Dictionary of Japan. Tuttle (reprint) 1972.
- (in Japanese) Kawagoe Domain on "Edo 300 HTML"
- "Kawagoe Castle" at JapaneseCastleExplorer.com; retrieved 2013-7-2.
- Mass, Jeffrey P. and William B. Hauser. (1987). The Bakufu in Japanese History, p. 150.
- Elison, George and Bardwell L. Smith (1987). Warlords, Artists, & Commoners: Japan in the Sixteenth Century, p. 18.