Kawaiahaʻo Church

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Kawaiahaʻo Church
Kawaiahao Church, Honolulu.jpg
Kawaiahaʻo Church is known as the "Westminster Abbey of Hawaiʻi": site of royal inauguration, christenings, funerals and tomb.
Location 957 Punchbowl Street
Honolulu, Oʻahu, Hawaiʻi
Country United States
Denomination United Church of Christ
Website www.kawaiahao.org
Architecture
Status Church
Functional status Active
Style Neoclassical
Mediterranean Revival
Years built 1836–1842
Administration
Division Hawaii Conference
Clergy
Pastor(s) Curt Pa‘alua Kekuna (kahu)
Kawaiahao Church and Mission Houses
Kawaiahaʻo Church is located in Hawaii
Kawaiahaʻo Church
Location 957 Punchbowl Street and 553 S. King Street, Honolulu, Hawaii
Coordinates 21°18′15″N 157°51′28″W / 21.3043°N 157.8579°W / 21.3043; -157.8579Coordinates: 21°18′15″N 157°51′28″W / 21.3043°N 157.8579°W / 21.3043; -157.8579
Area 8.8 acres (3.6 ha)[1]
Built 1836-1842
Architect Hiram Bingham
NRHP Reference # 66000294
Significant dates
Added to NRHP October 15, 1966[2]
Designated NHL December 29, 1962[3]

Kawaiahaʻo Church is a historic Congregational church located in Downtown Honolulu on the Hawaiian Island of Oʻahu. The church, along with the Mission Houses, comprise the Hawaiian Mission Houses Historic Site, which was designated a U.S. National Historic Landmark (NHL) in 1962.[1][3] In 1966 it and all other NHLs were included in the first issuance of the National Register of Historic Places.

At one time the national church of the Hawaiian Kingdom and chapel of the royal family, the church is popularly known as Hawaiʻi's Westminster Abbey. The name comes from the Hawaiian noun phrase Ka wai a Haʻo (the water of Haʻo), because its location was that of a spring and freshwater pool in the care of a High Chiefess Haʻo.[4]

Today, Kawaiahaʻo continues to use the Hawaiian language for parts of the service. It is one of the oldest standing Christian places of worship in Hawaiʻi, although four thatched churches stood at or near the present site before construction of the stone church. The oldest standing church is Mokuaikaua Church on the Big Island. Denominationally, It is a member of the United Church of Christ.

History[edit]

The grass church that preceded the stone church seated 4000 people by Francis Allyn Olmsted

Kawaiahaʻo Church was commissioned by the regency of Kaʻahumanu, during the reigns of Kamehameha II and Kamehameha III. Designed by Rev. Hiram Bingham in the New England style of the Hawaiian missionaries, it was constructed between 1836 and 1842 of some 14,000 thousand-pound slabs of coral rock quarried from an offshore reef on the southern coast of Oʻahu. Hawaiian divers dove three to six metres below sea-level to chisel out each coral block with hand tools, and the blocks then were transported from the reef onto the shore.[5]

The churchhouse rivaled the concurrent construction of the Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace by the Roman Catholic Apostolic Vicariate of the Hawaiian Islands. Construction began on that churchhouse in 1840 and was substantially completed in 1843, one year after the completion of Kawaiahaʻo Church.

The name Kawaiahaʻo was not applied to the site until 1853.

Kawaiahaʻo Church was frequented by the chiefs of the Hawaiian Islands as well as the members of the reigning Kamehameha Dynasty and Kalākaua Dynasty. The upper gallery of the sanctuary is adorned with 21 portraits of Hawaiian royalty (Aliʻi).[6] The body of King Lunalilo, who preferred burial in a church cemetery to burial in the Royal Mausoleum, is buried in the courtyard.

But Kawaiahaʻo Church was not the only site of royal worship in the Islands. Kamehameha IV and his wife Emma were devout members of the Church of England and established the Anglican Church of Hawaiʻi, which evolved into the present-day Episcopal Diocese of Hawaiʻi after the islands were annexed by the United States and later gained statehood. The royal couple commissioned the construction of the Cathedral Church of Saint Andrew, which replaced Kawaiahaʻo Church as the principal centre of royal worship. Kamehameha V, Kalākaua, and Liliʻuokalani (after the rebellion which overthrew the kingdom) preferred to use the cathedral -- even though, before her reign, then Princess Liliʻuokalani had directed the choir of Kawaiahaʻo Church. When Liliʻuokalani died in 1917, she lay in state in the church for a week before her funeral at Iolani Palace.[7]

First known photograph of the church in 1857 by Hugo Stangenwald

List of Kahus (pastors)[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Benjamin Levy (August 1978). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Kawaiahao Church and Mission Houses" (PDF). National Park Service. Retrieved 2009-06-22.  and Accompanying eight photos, exterior and interior, from 1962 (2.79 MB)
  2. ^ National Park Service (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  3. ^ a b "Kawaiahao Church and Mission Houses". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Archived from the original on 2007-03-01. Retrieved 2008-07-03. 
  4. ^ W.D. Westervelt, Hawaiian Legends of Old Honolulu, Boston: G.H. Ellis Press: 1915, p. 17
  5. ^ About Kawaiahaʻo Church - History
  6. ^ The Aliʻi of Hawaiʻi at Kawaiahaʻo Church
  7. ^ "Honors of Royalty Return to Liliuokalani after Death". The Hawaiian Gazette. X (93). Honolulu. November 20, 1917. p. 2. Retrieved February 4, 2017. 

External links[edit]