Ōigawa Railway in Kawanehon Town
Location of Kawanehon in Shizuoka Prefecture
|• Total||496.88 km2 (191.85 sq mi)|
|Population (March 2018)|
|• Density||13.4/km2 (35/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)|
|- Tree||Japanese beech|
|- Flower||Rhododendron quinquefolium|
|Address||627 Kaminagao, Kawanehon-chō, Haibara-gun, Shizuoka-ken 428-0313|
Kawanehon (川根本町 Kawanehon-chō) is a town located in Haibara District, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. As of March 2018, the town had an estimated population of 6,680 and a population density of 13.4 persons per km². The total area was 496.88 square kilometres (191.85 sq mi).
Kawanehon is located in north-central Shizuoka, along the upper reaches of the Ōi River, with approximately 90% of the town area covered in forest and mountains. It is bordered to the north by the Japanese Alps, with peaks ranging to 2400 meters. Forests range from Siebold's Beech at lower elevations to Siberian Dwarf Pine at higher altitudes, and wildlife include wild boar and kamoshika. The area enjoys a temperate maritime climate with hot, humid summers and mild, cool winters.
The area of the present town Kawanehon is on the border between the former provinces of Suruga and Tōtōmi, and was mostly tenryō territory under direct control of the Tokugawa shogunate in the Edo period. During the cadastral reform of the early Meiji period in 1889, the area was reorganized into numerous villages within both Haibara and Shida Districts within Shizuoka Prefecture. Kawanehon was formed on September 20, 2005 by the merger of the former towns of Nakakawane and Honkawane, both from Haibara District.
- Kawanehon has four elementary schools, two middle schools and one high school.
- Ōigawa Railway - Ōigawa Main Line
- Ōigawa Railway - Ikawa Line
- The sound of the steam locomotives of Ōigawa Railway is listed as one of the 100 Soundscapes of Japan by the Ministry of the Environment 
Media related to Kawanehon, Shizuoka at Wikimedia Commons
- Official website (in Japanese)