Kawasaki H1 Mach III

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Kawasaki H1
Kawasaki H1 Mach III 500cc.jpg
Manufacturer Kawasaki Motor Corporation
Also called Mach III
Parent company Kawasaki Heavy Industries
Production 1969-1975
Predecessor Kawasaki W2
Successor Kawasaki Z650
Class Standard street
Engine Air-cooled 3-cylinder, two-stroke
Bore / stroke 60.0 mm × 58.8 mm (2.36 in × 2.31 in)
Compression ratio 6.8:1
Transmission Chain driven 5-speed, manual
Suspension Inner spring telescopic front fork, three-position spring preloaded adjustable shock absorber and swing arm (rear)
Fuel capacity 13.9 l (3.1 imp gal; 3.7 US gal)
Related Kawasaki S1 Mach I, Kawasaki S2 Mach II, Kawasaki H2 Mach IV

The Kawasaki H1 Mach III was a two-stroke 500 cc sport bike made by Kawasaki from 1969 through to 1975.


By mid-1960s, the US had become the largest motorcycle market. American riders were demanding bikes with more horsepower and higher maximum speeds. Kawasaki already had the first 650 cc,[citation needed] the Kawasaki W series, but it did not fit the niche Kawasaki was aiming for. Honda introduced its Honda CB450 in 1965 and in 1969, the Suzuki T500 1 Cobra appeared. Also in development was the Yamaha XS 650. Already familiar with the Honda CB450, Kawasaki development began work on the top secret N100 Plan in 1967. The goal was to produce a motorcycle with 500 cc displacement that was able to develop 60 hp and have 13-second quarter-mile times, then considered over the achievable limit for a road bike.[1] The Mach III appeared in the US in 1969 with a white sculpted fuel tank and blue racing stripe along the lower part of the tank, and special Dunlop K77 tires.

The engine was a three-cylinder two stroke with a displacement of 499 cc (30.5 cu in). It had Mikuni VM 28 mm carburetors, and thyristor-based capacitor discharge ignition (CDI) developing 25,000–30,000 volts.[2]

Though not a direct successor of the Kawasaki W2, the W2 was the only four-stroke motorcycle Kawasaki had for the American market and that market was not like that of Japan where the W2 sold well. In the US, the Mach III proved to be very popular.[3] Motorcyclist said the Mach's power-to-weight ratio was the best "ever produced in a motorcycle meant to sell to anyone who has the money to purchase it."[4]

Handling characteristics were not favorable according to many sources. "Viewed logically, the Kawasaki H1 had many flaws. The gearbox was odd, with neutral below first, the brakes very questionable and the handling decidedly marginal in every situation - except when the bike was stopped with the engine switched off. Not for nothing was the H1 known as, 'The triple with the ripple'."[5]

The three-cylinder 500 was for all purposes[clarification needed] succeeded in 1976 by the Kawasaki Z500/Z550 four-stroke four cylinder.


  • Induction: 3x Mikuni VM28SC carbs.
  • Ignition: Kick start.
  • Frame: Double cradle tube frame with twin top tubes reinforced at three intermediate points.
  • Front and Rear Brakes: 180mm drum. Later to a Single 296mm disc for the front

Changes by year[edit]

  • 1971 — H1A new fuel tank without knee recesses
  • 1972 — H1B CDI replaced with a battery ignition, front disc brake,steering oil damper adopted
  • 1973 — H1D 2nd generation race tail that partially covered taillight similar to the H2, CDI unit from the H2, dropped steering damper and rear brake air scoop
  • 1974 — H1E new CDI unit and crank case check valve
  • 1975 — H1F
  • 1976 — KH500 slightly less horsepower (52),[citation needed], different gear shift pattern, water resistant brake pads


Kawasaki Mach IIIs were raced by Ginger Molloy in the Grand Prix, his "Green Meanie" finishing 2nd just behind Giacomo Agostini's MV Agusta in the 1970 500 cc World Championship.[6]