Kayalpatnam

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Kayalpatnam
காயல்பட்டினம்
Kayalpattinam, Kayal Fort
Nickname(s): Kayal
Kayalpatnam is located in Tamil Nadu
Kayalpatnam
Kayalpatnam
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
Coordinates: 8°33′59″N 78°6′59″E / 8.56639°N 78.11639°E / 8.56639; 78.11639Coordinates: 8°33′59″N 78°6′59″E / 8.56639°N 78.11639°E / 8.56639; 78.11639
Country  India
State Tamil Nadu
District Thoothukudi(formerly V.O.C.)
Government
 • Body Kayalpattinam Municipality
Area
 • Total 12.5 km2 (4.8 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 40,588
 • Density 3,200/km2 (8,400/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Tamil
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN 628204
Telephone code 04639
Vehicle registration TN 92 (Thiruchendur RTO)
Nearest city Thoothukudi
Sex ratio 1000:1177 /
Literacy 92.71%
Lok Sabha constituency Thoothukudi
Formerly with Tiruchendur
Vidhan Sabha constituency Tiruchendur
Civic agency Kayalpattinum Municipality
Climate Humid (Köppen)

Kayalpatnam (also known as Kayalpattinam or Kayalpattanam Arabic - قاهر فطن, Tamil - காயல்பட்டினம்) is a Municipality in Thoothukudi district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. As of 2011, the town had a population of 40,558.

History[edit]

Also known as Kayal, it is referred to in Marco Polo's travel diaries dating to 1250 AD. Korkai or Kayal was an ancient port dating to the 1st centuries of the common era and was contemporaneous to the existence of Kollam, another Pandyan port. Kollam served the Pandyas on the west coast while Korkai/Kayal served them on the east coast connecting them to Ceylon and the pearl fisheries in the Gulf of Mannar facing the Tirunelveli Coast. The ancient port had trade connections with Egypt, Rome and Greece

Kayalpatnam has one of the oldest Mosques (also known as Masjid). Noted photographer Benoy Behl has made a film on Islamic Architecture of India, and he visited this Kayalpatnam Mosque.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Religious census
Religion Percent(%)
Hindu
26.34%
Muslim
67.24%
Christian
6.36%
Jain
0.01%
Other
0.05%

According to 2011 census, Kayalpattinam had a population of 40,588 with a sex-ratio of 1,082 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929.[2] A total of 4,995 were under the age of six, constituting 2,548 males and 2,447 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 7.37% and .01% of the population respectively. The average literacy of the town was 81.3%, compared to the national average of 72.99%.[2] The town had a total of : 9417 households. There were a total of 11,414 workers, comprising 17 cultivators, 27 main agricultural labourers, 206 in house hold industries, 10,717 other workers, 447 marginal workers, 9 marginal cultivators, 4 marginal agricultural labourers, 30 marginal workers in household industries and 404 other marginal workers.[3]

As per the religious census of 2011, Kayalpattinam had 26.34% Hindus, 67.24% Muslims, 6.36% Christians, 0.01% Jains and 0.05% following other religions.[4]

Culture[edit]

Most of Muslims here follow Shafiee Madhab with Qadiriyya and Shadhiliya Tariqa (Sufi order) Qadiriyya tariqa connected to Mahlara and Shadhiliya tariqa connected to zaviya Faasiyatush shadhiliya Tariqa. Headquarters of this tariqa[5] in India Zaviathul Fasiyathus shathulia is located here. There are few followers of ahle hadees also. Maqbara of Hazrat Kazi Syed Alauddin brother of Hazrat Kazi Syed Tajuddin the fore father of Madurai Maqbara Hazrats'[6] and of all the Syeds living in Kazimar Street, Madurai is located here.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Indian Diplomacy (2011-07-12), A World of Beauty and Grace: Islamic Architecture of India, retrieved 2017-04-13
  2. ^ a b "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  3. ^ "Census Info 2011 Final population totals - Kayalpattinam". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  4. ^ "Population By Religious Community - Tamil Nadu" (XLS). Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2011. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
  5. ^ http://www.shazuli.com/aboutus.html
  6. ^ http://maqbara.com/genealogy.php