Rangpuri language

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Rangpuri
রংপুরী, কোচ-ৰাজবংশী, দেশী
Native toBangladesh, India
RegionNorth Bengal, Lower Assam
EthnicityRajbongshi, Bengali, Deshi, Nashya-Sheikh, Rangpuri, Assamese
Native speakers
10 million (2007)[1]
Bengali-Assamese script,[2] Devanagari script
Official status
Official language in
 India
Language codes
ISO 639-3rkt
Glottolograng1272

Rangpuri (Rangpuri: অংপুরি Ôṅgpuri or অমপুরি Ômpuri) is an eastern Indo-Aryan language of the Bengali-Assamese branch, spoken in Rangpur Division in Bangladesh, northern West Bengal and western Goalpara of Assam in India.[4] Many are bilingual in Bengali and Assamese in their respective regions. According to Glottolog, it forms the Central-Eastern Kamta group with the Kamta language. Together with Rajbanshi and Surjapuri they form the Kamta group of languages.

Names[edit]

Rangpuri goes by numerous names, the most common being Bahe;[4] though Deshi bhasha and Anchalit bhasha is also used.[5]

Comparison with related languages and dialects[edit]

English Kamarupi Rarhi Vangiya
Kamtapuri Standard Assamese Standard Bengali Sylheti Khulnaiya Bengali Dhakaiya Bengali
I do Muĩ korong Moe korü̃/korönɡ Ami kori Ami/Mui xorí Ami kori Ami kori
I am doing Muĩ korir dhorichung Moe kori asü̃/asöng Ami korchhi Ami/Mui xoriar/xorram Ami kortisi Ami kortasi
I did Muĩ korisong Moe korisü̃/korisöng Ami korechhi Ami/mui xor(i)si Ami korsi Ami korsi
I did (perfective) Muĩ korilung Moe korilü̃/korilöng Ami korlam Ami/Mui xorlam Ami kôrlam Ami kôrlam
I did (distant) Muĩ korisilung Moe korisilü̃/korisilong Ami korechhilam Ami/Mui xors(i)lam Ami korsilam Ami korsilam
I was doing Muĩ koria asilung Moe kori asilü̃/asilöng Ami korchhilam Ami/Mui xorat aslam Ami kortesilam Ami kortasilam
I will do Muĩ korim Moe korim Ami korbo Ami/Mui xormu Ami kormu/korbani Ami kormu
I will be doing Muĩ koria thakim Moe kori thakim Ami korte thakbo Ami/Mui xorat táxmu Ami korti thakmu/thakbani Ami korte thakmu

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Rangpuri at Ethnologue (26th ed., 2023) Closed access icon
  2. ^ Toulmin 2009, p. 72f, 89
  3. ^ PTI (28 February 2018). "Kamtapuri, Rajbanshi, Rangpuri make it to list of official languages in Bengal". Outlook India. Archived from the original on 16 April 2019. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
  4. ^ a b "Rangpuri: This term is favoured in the Rangpur area, interchangeably with ‘Bahe.’ Chaudhuri (1939) prefers to use Rangpuri to Rajbanshi, as it avoids the problem of being caste-centric." H(Toulmin 2009:7)
  5. ^ "Rangpur, the headquarters of a district in Bangladesh. During this first stage of research, data were collected with speakers at several sites outside the town perimeter (cf. Appendix C of Toulmin 2006). Speakers of this area refer to their mother tongue as either 'Bahe,' 'Rangpuri,' 'Deshi bhasha' or its synonym 'Anchalit bhasha' meaning 'the local language'." (Toulmin 2009:17)

References[edit]

External links[edit]