Kayrakkum Reservoir

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Designations
Designated18 July 2001
Reference no.1083[1]
Kayrakkum Reservoir

Kayrakkum Reservoir (Tajik: Обанбори Қайроққум; Russian: Кайраккумское водохранилище), also spelled variously as Qayroqqum, Qayraqqum, Kayrakum or Kairakum, is a large artificial lake in Ghafurov District of Sughd Province, in northwestern Tajikistan. In 2016, the reservoir was renamed Tajik Sea (Tajik: Баҳри Тоҷик) by the country's parliament.[2] The reservoir lies in the western part of the Fergana Valley on the Syr Darya river. The provincial capital of Khujand lies about 15 km west of the dam.[3] It is also a Ramsar site.

Description[edit]

The reservoir created by the Kayrakkum Dam has a surface area of 523 km2; its length is 56 km and maximum width 15 km. Its maximum depth near the dam at its western end is 25 m; the average depth is 8 m. At the other end, the head of the reservoir is silted up for a distance of 10–15 km, a consequence of the construction of the Tahtagul hydroelectric power station upstream on the Naryn River in Kyrgyzstan. By 2009, the reservoir lost an estimated one-third of its full volume to silt.[4] Silted areas are characterised by multiple small lakes and shallows, with tugay vegetation of tamarisk, oleaster, poplar thickets and reed beds, supporting many thousands of wintering waterfowl, waders and birds of prey. The climate of the region is continental and semi-arid.[5]

Construction[edit]

The construction of the Kayrakkum Dam for irrigation and hydroelectricity generation purposes began in the Kayrakkum steppe in July 1951. Starting in 1954, about 2,400 families or an estimated 12,000 people were resettled from some 20 villages located in the reservoir area.[6] Most of these people were moved to the new cotton producing areas in northern Tajikistan. In 1956, the dam was completed and the filling of the reservoir began.[7]

Important Bird Area[edit]

A 1150 km2 tract of land encompassing the reservoir and its surrounds has been identified as an Important Bird Area (IBA) by BirdLife International because it supports significant numbers of the populations of various bird species, either as residents, or as overwintering, breeding or passage migrants. These include mallards, pygmy cormorants, saker falcons, cinereous vultures, great bustards, houbara bustards, common cranes, pale-backed pigeons, pallid scops-owls, Egyptian nightjars, European rollers, white-winged woodpeckers, great tits, desert larks, streaked scrub-warblers, Sykes's warblers, Asian desert warblers, saxaul sparrows and desert finches.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Kayrakum Reservoir". Ramsar Sites Information Service. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
  2. ^ "Президент предложил переименовать ряд районов и городов". Азия-Плюс. 1 February 2016. Retrieved 12 May 2016.
  3. ^ "Kayrakkum Reservoir". Important Bird Areas factsheet. BirdLife International. 2013. Retrieved 2013-04-06.
  4. ^ "Состояние Кайраккумского водохранилища вызывает тревогу экспертов". Deutsche Welle. 25 June 2009. Retrieved 12 May 2016.
  5. ^ a b "Kayrakkum Reservoir". Important Bird Areas factsheet. BirdLife International. 2013. Retrieved 2013-04-06.
  6. ^ Sodiqov, Alexander (2013). "From Resettlement to Conflict: Development-Induced Involuntary Displacement and Violence in Tajikistan". In Heathershaw, John; Herzig, Edmund. The Transformation of Tajikistan: The Sources of Statehood. New York, NY: Routledge. pp. 49–65.
  7. ^ "Плотина развития". Азия-Плюс. 15 June 2012. Retrieved 12 May 2016.

Coordinates: 40°23′40″N 70°10′53″E / 40.39444°N 70.18139°E / 40.39444; 70.18139