The project began in January 2006, with a completion target of 1,065 days set. The initial proposal was a reaction to the growing traffic congestion in the central parts of the city, and to reduce this, a mass-transit tram link was planned to cut right across the area, allowing transportation of locals from one part of the region to the other.
When opened the initial length of the track was some 17 km, with a total of 28 stations (averaging a distance of 65m/each). Total journey time between each end of the line was expected to be in the region of 45 minutes. 22 trams were planned to be ordered initially.
The line was later extended eastward to İldem and a branch line was opened on 14-02-2014 to Talas via Erciyes Üniversitesi. There are now a total of 55 stations.
The railway uses the same electronic travel card ticketing system as the city's bus transport system.