Kazakhstan–Kyrgyzstan relations

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Kazakhstan-Kyrgyzstan relations
Map indicating locations of Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan


At the busy Korday border crossing between the two countries

Bilateral relationships between the countries are very strong and Kyrgyz and Kazakh are very close in terms of language, culture and religion. Kyrgyz-Kazakh relationships have always been at very high level and economic and other formal unification of two countries have been greeted with strong appreciation by both nations since the two share a lot in common. On April 26, 2007 the presidents of Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan signed an agreement to create an "International Supreme Council" between the two states. This historic event took place during an official visit of the Kazakh president to the Kyrgyzstan capital, Bishkek.[1][2] Kazakhstan’s direct investment in the Kyrgyz economy has been rapidly gaining pace since the early 2000s. Today Kazakhstan’s economic presence is felt throughout northern Kyrgyzstan, from banks to small businesses, cars with Kazakh plates and numerous tourists. For the most, the Kyrgyz are welcoming these trends as both countries share a similar culture and traditions. During the last five years Kazakhstan invested about 400 million dollars in Kyrgyzstan and is considered the largest investor. Thirty-three percent of the total Kyrgyzstan bank's equity belongs to Kazakh investors. There are about 2,000 enterprises functioning in Kyrgyzstan, and 500 belong to Kazakh entrepreneurs. Kazakh-Kyrgyz unification is in the economic interests of both countries. "I do not see any problem in unification with another country. In the future we should unite with this or another state, anyway. Unification with Kazakhstan will be a good accelerator for our economic development," said lawmaker Juraev.[1][2]

Kazakhstan is extremely important to northern Kyrgyzstan.[3] For some period in the mid-1990s, the virtual closure of Manas Airport at Bishkek made Kazakhstan's capital, Almaty, the principal point of entry to Kyrgyzstan.[3] Kyrgyzstan's northwestern city of Talas receives nearly all of its services through the city of Taraz, across the border in Kazakhstan.[3]


Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan were previously the republics of the Soviet Union. They began its existence as autonomous republics within the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic before 1936 when it was split into Soviet republics of Kazakhstan and Kirghizia.

During Joseph Stalin's rule, between 1930 to 1944, there were a number of ethnic groups such as the Kurds, Kalmyks, Chechens, Ingush or Balkars were sent to Kazakhstan or Kirghzia while nomadic Kazakhs were then deported from Kazakhstan.

While the cultures and traditions were maintained, the nationalism rose during the late 1980s under Mikhail Gorbachev's policies of glasnost and perestroika.

In March 1991, Kazakhstan and Kirghizia participated in a referendum in an attempt to preserve the Union as a renewed federation of sovereign states. During the failed coup that happened in Moscow in August 1991, Askar Akayev and Nursultan Nazarbayev condemned the communist hardliners.

Shortly after the events of the aborted coup, Kirghizia (renamed to Kyrgyzstan) and Kazakhstan declared their independence on August 31 and December 16 respectively before the final dissolution of the Soviet Union on December 26, 1991 when it ceased to exist. Relations between the two countries began in 1992.

Economic relations[edit]

In 2007 the President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev suggested the creation of a fund to facilitate Kyrgyzstan’s economic development. However, the sides started implementing this project only in 2011. KKIF was created with a capital of US $100 million, fully funded by Kazakhstan. Its main objective is to render financial assistance to Kyrgyzstan’s economy through implementation of the priority projects on its territory and effective development of small and medium businesses in Kyrgyzstan.[4]

In 2014, Deputy Secretary General of the Turkic-speaking states Cooperation Council (Turk-ssCC) Adakhan Madumarov spoke about the Great Silk Way project that would bring tourism to both Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan.[5]


  1. ^ a b "Central Asia: A Kyrgyz-Kazakh Step Towards Regional Union". Archived from the original on September 3, 2008. Retrieved September 7, 2011.  This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain. Deprecated link.
  2. ^ a b Bekeshova, Meri. "A Kyrgyz-Kazakh Step Towards Regional Union". Inter Press Service News Agency. Archived from the original on March 4, 2012. Retrieved September 7, 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c Martha Brill Olcott. "Central Asian Neighbors". Kyrgyzstan: a country study (Glenn E. Curtis, editor). Library of Congress Federal Research Division (March 1996). This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  4. ^ "Official Presentation of Kazakh-Kyrgyz Investment Fund in Bishkek". The Gazette of Central Asia. Satrapia. 18 August 2012. Retrieved 18 August 2012. 
  5. ^ "Kazakhstan & Kyrgyzstan have a huge tourism development potential: A.Madumarov". February 13, 2014. Retrieved February 14, 2014.