Kazakhstan–Russia relations

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Kazakhstan–Russia relations
Map indicating locations of Kazakhstan and Russia

Kazakhstan

Russia
Kazakhstani President Nursultan Nazarbayev with Russian President Dmitry Medvedev

Kazakhstan–Russia relations refers to bilateral foreign relations between Kazakhstan and the Russian Federation. Kazakhstan has an embassy in Moscow, a consulate-general in Saint Petersburg, Astrakhan and Omsk. Russia has an embassy in Astana and consulates in Almaty and Uralsk. Astana and Moscow are military and political allies.

Overview[edit]

Kazakhstan and Russia are both founding members of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, the Collective Security Treaty Organization, and are additionally part of the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council and the Commonwealth of Independent States. Both also founded the Eurasian Economic Union with Belarus. In recent years, Kazakhstan has attempted to balance ties between both sides by selling petroleum and natural gas to its northern neighbor at artificially low prices, allowing heavy investment from Russian businesses, and concluding an agreement over the Baikonur Cosmodrome while simultaneously assisting the West in the War on Terror.[1]

Border agreements[edit]

On January 2005 President of Russia Vladimir Putin and Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbayev signed an agreement approving an official map of the border. On May 23, 2009, the two countries placed their first boundary marker on the 7,591 km (4,717 mi) border between Kazakhstan’s Atyrau and Russia’s Astrakhan provinces.[2] The demarcation is expected to take 10 to 15 years to complete.

Statehood[edit]

Putin's remarks on the historicity of Kazakhstan[3][4][5][6][7][8][9] led to a severe response from Nazarbayev.[10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17][18][19]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://sputniknews.com/politics/201612291049119821-russia-kazakhstan-baikonur-cooperation/
  2. ^ "Demarcation of Russian-Kazakh border begun - Durham University". Dur.ac.uk. 2009-05-26. Retrieved 2016-10-22. 
  3. ^ Casey Michel. "Putin's Chilling Kazakhstan Comments". The Diplomat. Retrieved 2016-10-22. 
  4. ^ Ian Traynor. "Kazakhstan is latest Russian neighbour to feel Putin's chilly nationalist rhetoric | World news". The Guardian. Retrieved 2016-10-22. 
  5. ^ Dolgov, Anna (2014-09-01). "Kazakhs Worried After Putin Questions History of Country's Independence". Themoscowtimes.com. Retrieved 2016-10-22. 
  6. ^ "Vladimir Putin Continues Soviet Rhetoric by Questioning Kazakhstan's 'Created' Independence". Ibtimes.co.uk. 2014-09-01. Retrieved 2016-10-22. 
  7. ^ "Putin: 'Kazakhstan Was Never a State'". LiveLeak.com. Retrieved 2016-10-22. 
  8. ^ "As Kazakhstan's Leader Asserts Independence, Did Putin Just Say, 'Not So Fast'?". EurasiaNet.org. 2014-08-30. Retrieved 2016-10-22. 
  9. ^ "The Crimea Model: Will Russia Annex the Northern Region of Kazakhstan?". Moderndiplomacy.eu. Retrieved 2016-10-22. 
  10. ^ "Russian and Kazakh Leaders Exchange Worrying Statements". Cacianalyst.org. Retrieved 2016-10-22. 
  11. ^ "Nazarbayev's Severe Response to Putin". Lragir.am. Retrieved 2016-10-22. 
  12. ^ "Nazarbayev vs Putin". YouTube. 2015-09-22. Retrieved 2016-10-22. 
  13. ^ "Nazarbayev Gives Putin a History Lesson". LiveLeak.com. Retrieved 2016-10-22. 
  14. ^ "Kazakhstan creates its own Game of Thrones to defy Putin and Borat | World news". The Guardian. Retrieved 2016-10-22. 
  15. ^ "New Kazakh TV series a riposte to Putin and Borat". Al Jazeera English. 2016-02-05. Retrieved 2016-10-22. 
  16. ^ "Kazakhstan Celebrates Statehood in Riposte to Russia". EurasiaNet.org. 2015-01-06. Retrieved 2016-10-22. 
  17. ^ [1][dead link]
  18. ^ "Putin Downplays Kazakh Independence, Sparks Angry Reaction". Rferl.org. Retrieved 2016-10-22. 
  19. ^ Michel, Casey (2015-01-19). "Eurasian Economic Union: Putin's Geopolitical Project Already Failing". New Republic. Retrieved 2016-10-22.