Kazakh legislative election, 2012
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politics and government of
Parliamentary elections were held in Kazakhstan on 15 January 2012. The result was a victory for the Nur Otan party, which won 83 of the 98 seats in the Mazhilis. However, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) stated that the election "did not meet fundamental principles of democratic elections."
The elections marked the first time that the second-placed party would gain parliamentary seats irrespective of whether it cleared the 7% electoral threshold. Due to the 2011 Mangystau riots and the resulting state of emergency there, the election was not planned to be held in Zhanaozen. However, this decision was overturned on 10 January 2012.
Seven parties ran in the election: Nur Otan, Democratic Party of Kazakhstan Ak Zhol, Kazakhstani Social Democratic Party Auyl, Democratic Party Adilet, Nationwide Social Democratic Party (OSDP), Party of Patriots of Kazakhstan and the Communist People's Party of Kazakhstan. The OSDP was the only party considered to be in opposition to long-time president Nursultan Nazarbayev.
|Democratic Party of Kazakhstan Ak Zhol||518,405||7.47||8||+8|
|Communist People's Party of Kazakhstan||498,788||7.19||7||+7|
|Nationwide Social Democratic Party||116,534||1.68||0||0|
|Kazakhstani Social Democratic Party Auyl||82,623||1.19||0||0|
|Party of Patriots||57,732||0.83||0||0|
|Democratic Party Adilet||45,702||0.66||0||New|
|Source: Adam Carr|
Miklos Haraszti, the head of the OSCE's long-term election-observation mission, criticized what he called a "tightly controlled campaign environment in which the electoral rights of the citizens were seriously limited." "There was limited public debate and the media, the mass media operates in an environment characterized by self-censorship and in which there is no room for editorial independence in the broadcast media." Haraszti said the "results of the election, including the presence of two parties apart from the state party, can be described as an orchestrated election."
- OSCE Monitors Criticize Kazakh Vote Failings Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, 16 January 2012
- At Least One Party To Enter New Kazakh Assembly Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, 16 January 2012
- Parliamentary Elections Canceled in Restive Kazakh City Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, 10 January 2012
- Kazakhstan riot town Zhanaozen can go to the polls BBC News, 10 January 2012
- Kazakh ruling party wins 80.74 per cent in vote: early result Dawn, 16 January 2012