Kazan Aircraft Production Association

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Kazan Aircraft Production Association
Founded1927; 92 years ago (1927)
ProductsCommercial and military aircraft
ParentTupolev (United Aircraft Corporation)
Strategic bomber Tupolev Tu-160 built by KAPA
Airliner Tupolev Tu-204 built by KAPA

Kazan Aircraft Production Association (KAPO; Russian: Казанское авиационное производственное объединение имени С. П. Горбунова, romanizedKazanskoye Aviatsionnoe Proizvodstvennoe Obyedinenie imeni S.P. Gorbunova) is an aircraft manufacturer based in Kazan, Russia. It has built more than 18,000 aircraft of 34 types during its history.[1]


The company traces its origins to the Fili plant of the Russo-Balt corporation, which was established as an automobile production plant in April 1916.[2] In November 1922, the Soviet Union signed a joint venture agreement with the German aircraft manufacturer Junkers, and the Fili facility was renamed State Aircraft Factory (GAZ) No. 7.[2] The Fili site later became the Khrunichev Space Center.[3]

As relations with the German government worsened, the plant was taken over by the Soviets and in 1927 it was renamed Zavod No. 22 Ten Years October Plant, and later it was named after S.P. Gorbunov.[2] In 1941 the plant was evacuated to Kazan, and in 1946 it absorbed the Heinkel facility from Elsnitz.[2]

KAPO currently[when?] produces Tu-214 passenger planes and Tu-160 strategic bombers. There are also plans to start producing Tu-334 regional airliners and Tu-330 freighters.[1][4]

According to a 2010 article, after KAPO has upgraded the current Russian bomber fleet (see Tupolev Tu-160) it will start production of a "new-generation strategic bomber", the PAK DA.[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Kazan Aircraft Production Association named for S P Gorbunov Jane's All the World's Aircraft
  2. ^ a b c d "Junkers Fili Joint Venture". Hugojunkers.bplaced.net (in German). Archived from the original on 15 May 2018. Retrieved 15 May 2018.
  3. ^ Lardier, Christian; Barensky, Stefan (2018). The Proton Launcher: History and Developments. John Wiley & Sons. p. 42. ISBN 9781119510505. Archived from the original on 2018-05-15.
  4. ^ Kazan Aircraft Production Association (KAPO) n.a. Gorbunov Archived 2016-03-09 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ Kazan to build new strategic bomber, says Putin Archived 2010-09-18 at the Wayback Machine

External links[edit]