Kazan Metro

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Kazan Metro
Train made up of 81-740/741 cars at the station Kozya Sloboda
Train made up of 81-740/741 cars at the station Kozya Sloboda
Native nameКазанский метрополитен
Kazansky metropoliten
Казан метрополитены
Qazan Metropolitenı
OwnerMunicipality of Kazan
LocaleKazan, Tatarstan, Russia
Transit typeRapid transit
Number of lines1
Number of stations11
Daily ridership86 thousand (average)
Annual ridership31,3 million (2013)[1]
Began operation2005
Number of vehicles47
System length16.8 km (10.4 mi)
Track gauge1,524 mm (5 ft)
Kazan Metro network map

Kazan metro map.svg Includes the Savinovo-Azino Line

The Kazan Metro (Russian: Каза́нский метрополите́н; Tatar: Казан метросы) is a rapid-transit system that serves the city of Kazan, Tatarstan, Russia. The metro system was the seventh opened in Russia, and the fifteenth in the former Soviet Union region. Opened on August 27, 2005, it is the newest system in Russia.



Kazan is a historic and cultural centre on the middle Volga. The first plans to have a rapid-transit system were proposed back in the days of the Russian Empire, but after the October Revolution and the Russian Civil War, little was left for the design. Nevertheless, in the 1930s, Kazan, being the capital of the Tatar ASSR—one of the most visible autonomous republics and rapidly growing as an industrial centre—prompted some to propose a rapid transit system for the future, particularly after the successful construction of Moscow Metro in 1935.

However, World War II ended such attempts, and in the post-war USSR, only the largest capitals of Union republics could afford a Metro system. Nevertheless, in 1979 the Kazan city's population passed the one million mark: a Soviet requirement for a Metro to be allowed. 1983 was the year when the Supreme Soviet of the Tatar ASSR authorised planning a metro system. The original design was to prove the final one, as the City of Kazan effectively followed a typical Soviet model with a historical centre on the inflow of the Kazanka River into the Volga, and the various industrial and "bedroom" districts (housing complexes) on the edges. The first line would follow a north–south axis beginning in the Transit Railway Station in the north, passing through the post-war Stalinist buildings and then down south of the Kazanka, next to the Kazan Kremlin and through the historical centre to the microdistrict of Gorki.

The first geological survey began in 1984, and by 1989 the construction of the first stage was drawn up and submitted for final authorisation to begin construction. It was not to be. In 1991, the Soviet Union broke up and the economic, as well as political turmoil that rocked Tatarstan and Russia, caused the Kazan Metro project to be axed.


Bilingual signs on the doors of train "Do not lean on door"

Luckily for Kazan, throughout the 1990s, the status of it being the most visible autonomous capital reinforced its position; enough for the Federal government to issue a review of the project in 1995 and authorising the construction. The most prominent deadline was the city's millennium anniversary in 2005. After securing financing and training, the first stone was laid on August 27, 1997.

The first stage of six stations features deep-level tunnels all built by tunnel boring machines, and the stations are either sub-surface or elevated. Little of the original Soviet station plans remain in the architecture of the stations, with the emphasis being on traditional Tatar and Islamic motifs as part of modern high-tech designs. The first shield arrived in Kazan at the end of 1999 and was launched in May 2000.

Initially, the pace was slow and the financial problems were about to prevent the construction's on-time completion. In a desperate attempt, in late 2003 the Russian Ministry of Transport ordered metro brigades from Samara and Moscow to assist and the first stage was made one station shorter, leaving the difficult path under the Kazanka River to open at a later time. Another contribution was made by the Almaty Metro construction brigade from Kazakhstan. Thus, by the late 2004, a total of eight tunnel boring mechanisms were in operation. Overall, a total of thirteen individual tunnels had to be bored.

Despite a rocky start, Kazan Metro was opened on August 27, 2005, by the President of Russia Vladimir Putin, the President of Tatarstan Mintimer Shaymiyev, and the President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev, as well as the mayor of Kazan and the heads of all existing Russian Metros.

The extension to Prospekt Pobedy opened on December 29, 2008, as the first extension south of Gorki station in the second stage. In 2010 the Metro extended across the Kazanka River, with the opening of the Kozya Sloboda station.[2] The Kazan metro opened a three-station northern extension on May 9, 2013.[3]


At present, the Kazan Metro is a single-line system that stretches nearly sixteen kilometres and has eleven stations. The newest of the Russian systems, it is also the most modern. Smart-card ticketing and semi-automated train drive are features that at the time were just being introduced in selected Moscow stations. The system is operated by the municipality company MetroElektroTrans (МетроЭлектроТранс).

Like all Metros in Russia and the former USSR, each station has its own architectural theme. At present two stations are single-vault, and two are pillar-spans. In addition, one station exists on a combined glazed flyover.


The metro runs from 6:00 to 23:00. The metro also sells smart-tokens valid for one day and smart cards (passes) which are valid for several trips or a specified length of time. There are discounted fares for pensioners, students, and children. Security is a major issue in the Kazan Metro. Like all modern systems, it is outfitted with CCTV cameras. Each station has its own police group for public order. Professional photography is prohibited.

All information and announcements are given in three languages — Russian, Tatar, and English.

Rolling Stock[edit]

The interior of Kazan metro car

Only the 81-553.3/554.3 «Kazan» model was maintained in Kazan metro since 2005. Trains were produced by Saint Petersburg-based Vagonmash factory in cooperation with Škoda Dopravní Technika of Plzeň, Czech Republic in 2005. These are the most modern models currently in service in Russia and the former Soviet Union and they are fully automated. As a result, they do not require an engineer or a driver on board, just a supervisor. A total of 16 cars (4 trains) are currently in operation with a capacity of ~250 people each.

In 2011 new 3-car 81-740/741 «Rusich» trains were bought for opening of new Kozya Sloboda. A total of 27 cars (9 trains) are currently in operation with a capacity of ~350 people each. 12 trains (1 train is reserved) provide 5-minute intervals on the line in rush hours.

In 2019 a contract was signed by delivering one train of type 81-765/766/767. The train was built by April 2020 and was sent to Kazan by May 2020, and then that September it has entered service.

Today there are 14 train sets operating the metro, out of which 9 trains are three car train sets with gangways only in the certain cars. But the 81-765/766/767 is the only type to have gangways between every car.


First Line[edit]

Station Image Opened
Aviatözeleş Авиастроительная
Aviatozelesh qazan metro.jpg 9 May 2013
Severny Vokzal
Tönyaq vokzal Северный Вокзал
Tonyak vokzal qazan metro.jpg 9 May 2013
Yäşlek Яшьлек
Yashleq qazan metro.jpg 9 May 2013
Kozya Sloboda
Käcä Bistäse Козья Слобода
KAZAN METRO kozia sloboda.jpg 30 December 2010
Kreml Кремлёвская
Kazan Metro Kremlevskaya 08-2016 img1.jpg 27 August 2005
Ploshchad Tukaya
Ğabdulla Tuqay Mäydanı Площадь Тукая
Kazan Metro TukaySquare 08-2016.jpg 27 August 2005
Sukonnaya Sloboda
Sukno Bistäse Суконная Слобода
Kazan Metro Sukonnaya Sloboda 08-2016 img2.jpg 27 August 2005
Ämät Аметьево
Kazan Metro Ametiyevo Station.jpg Аметьево 27 August 2005
Kazan Metro Gorki Station.jpg Горки 27 August 2005
Prospekt Pobedy
Ciñü prospektı Проспект Победы
Kazan Metro ProspektPobedy 08-2016.jpg 29 December 2008
Imänlek Дубравная
Dubravnaya.jpg 30 August 2018


Future lines include «Savinovo Radius» and «Azino radius» connecting respective districts with city centre, and «Savinovo-Azino Line». Priority of these lines is not clear.

Network Map[edit]

See also[edit]


External links[edit]