|Kazansu (Kazanka) River|
Kazanka in Kazan
|Main source||Bimeri, Arsk District, Tatarstan|
|River mouth||Samara Reservoir, Volga
53 m (174 ft)
|Basin size||2,600 km2 (1,000 sq mi)|
|Length||142 km (88 mi)|
Kazanka or Qazansu (Russian: Каза́нка; Tatar: Cyrillic Казансу, Latin Qazansu, Arabic قازانسو) is a river in the Republic of Tatarstan, Russia, a left tributary of the Volga. The Kazanka begins near the village of Bimeri in Arsk District and flows into the Samara Reservoir in Kazan, near the Kazan Kremlin. Other towns on the Kazanka are Arsk and historical Iske Kazan. The river is 142 kilometres (88 mi) long. The main tributaries are the Iya, Kismes, Shimyakovka and Sula. Historically, the Bulak river flowed into Kazanka until it was separated by a dam in 1957. The maximum river discharge is 299 cubic metres per second (10,600 cu ft/s), and the minimal mineralization is 400–1000 mg/l. In Tatarstan, Kazanka has a status of a natural monument.
During the construction of the Samara Reservoir, a lower part of the Kazanka valley was flooded. A part of the riverbed was separated from the reservoir by dams, creating a new riverbed. In 2008 a project was proposed to fill in a cove in the wide section of the estuary for a business district.
The Kazanka divides Kazan into two equal parts. Six bridges within the city cross the Kazanka; the most notable among them is the Millennium Bridge.
- (Tatar) "Казансу". Tatar Encyclopaedia. Kazan: The Republic of Tatarstan Academy of Sciences. Institution of the Tatar Encyclopaedia. 2002.
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