|Genres||folk, soft rock, jazz fusion, country rock, pop|
|Past members||Shōzō Ise
Kaze (風?) was a Japanese musical duo composed of singer-songwriters Shōzō Ise and Kazuhisa Ōkubo. They were best known for their chart-topping debut single "22-Sai no Wakare" which was released in 1975.
- Shōzō Ise (伊勢 正三 Ise Shōzō?, born November 13, 1951)
- Kazuhisa Ōkubo (大久保 一久 ŌKubo Kazuhisa?, born July 22, 1950)
After he joined Kaguyahime, the folk-oriented pop group fronted by Kōsetsu Minami, Shōzō Ise came to prominence as a recording artist. Along with Minami and Panda Yamada, he enjoyed successful career during the first half of the 1970s, scoring four consecutive number-one albums on the Japanese Oricon chart. However, owing to conflict with Crown Records in which ignored the artist's intention, the trio decided to split at the peak of popularity and other members started their own solo career. On the suggestion of record executive Yutaka Goto, a representative of their management office at the time, Ise formed another recording project with Kazuhisa Ōkubo. Like Ise, Ōkubo had quit the folk-rock band Neko in early 1975.
On February 5, 1975, about two months before Kaguyahime's farewell concert, Kaze's first single "22-Sai no Wakare" was released. A month after, it topped the chart and eventually became one of the best-selling singles on the Japanese chart of that year with sales of over 700,000 units, making the group's only top-ten entry there. The song itself was a remake version of Kaguyahime's fan-favorite tune penned by Ise, which was originally appeared on the trio's Sankaidate no Uta album released in 1974. It became Kaze's signature song and has been one of the standard Japanese pop songs from the 1970s, later released cover versions by artists including Kozo Murashita, Akina Nakamori, Cool Five, and Kei Yasuda with Mari Yaguchi from Morning Musume. At first, however, composer hesitated to release a previously released effort as the duo's debut single. Therefore, he appealed to record label for excluding the song from their first album, despite of its success.
Their debut album, entitled simply "First", was released in June 1975. The album went straight to the pinnacle on the Japanese chart, though it did not contain a successful hit single. The album features then-unknown Tatsuro Yamashita, Junko Yamamoto (later known as a lead vocalist of Hi-Fi Set), and Minako Yoshida on background vocals.
From 1975 to 1978, Kaze released five studio albums from Nippon Crown, all of which reached the top-3 on the Japanese Oricon chart. Their early two efforts were introspective folk-oriented pop, but Ise pursued West Coast-style jazz-rock sound on later materials with an arranger Ichizō Seo, particularly influenced by one of their favorite artists Steely Dan. The results were generally successful in commercial terms, though those were greeted with mixed reputation among their fans.
After fifth album Moony Night was released, the duo went on hiatus to launch solo career each other. Ise has continued his musical career intermittently to date, while Ōkubo left show business in circa 1983 and changed his job to a pharmacist. Though he had semi-retired as a professional musician, Ōkubo occasionally returned to the stage before his comeback in the early 2000s. On August 11, 1990, the pair performed together at annual concert called "Summer Picnic" held by Kōsetsu Minami at Seaside Momochi in Fukuoka City.
Kaze was reunited in 2007. Ise and Ōkubo had prepared the duo's concert tour in the following year, but the plan was canceled because Ōkubo was hospitalized due to a stroke during rehearsals in April 2008. A year later, Ise embarked on unplugged solo tour entitled "Hitori Tabi" composed of only Kaze's songs.
|Year||Single||Details||Peak chart positions|
|1975||"Nijū-ni Sai no Wakare" (22才の別れ?)||
|"Ano Uta wa Mō Utawanai no Desuka?" (あの唄はもう唄わないのですか?)||
|1976||"Sasayaka na Kono Jinsei" (ささやかなこの人生?)||
|"Hōzue o Tsuku Onna" (ほおづえをつく女?)||
|1977||"Yogisha wa Minami e" (夜汽車は南へ?)||
- Studio albums
|Title||Release date||Label||Peak chart positions|
|Kaze: First Album (風 ファーストアルバム?)||June 1, 1975||Nippon Crown||1|
|Toki wa Nagarete (時は流れて?)||January 25, 1976||1|
|Windless Blue||November 25, 1976||3|
|Umikaze (海風?)||October 25, 1977||1|
|Moony Night||October 5, 1978||2|
- Selected compilation albums
- Old Calender (1979)
- Kaze Best (1981)
- 17 Songs (1988)
- Zenkyokushu (全曲集?)(1988)
- Complete Best (2000)
- Kaze Single Collection (2007)
- Kaze Best (2008)
- 1975年シングル年間ヒットチャート [Japanese Year-End Singles Chart 1975] (in Japanese). Oricon. Retrieved 2012-03-03.
- 作品データベース検索サービス [Japanese Society for Rights of Authors, Composers and Publishers > Searchable Database] (in Japanese). Retrieved 2012-03-03.
- Ise, Shozo (2000). Complete Best (CD booklet) (in Japanese). Kaze. Nippon Crown.
- Okamoto, Satoshi (2006). Oricon Album Chart Book: Complete Edition 1970-2005 (in Japanese). Roppongi, Tokyo: Oricon Entertainment. ISBN 4-87131-077-9.
- イベントについて(サマーピクニック) > こうせつについて > 南こうせつ 公式サイト [About Kosetsu > Events > Summer Picnic]. kosetsu.com (in Japanese). Kōsetsu Minami official site. Retrieved 2012-03-04.
- 伊勢正三の"相棒"「風」大久保一久倒れる！ コンサート中止 [Kaze cancel the concert tour due to illness of Shozo Ise's "partner" Kazuhisa Okubo]. Chunichi Sports (in Japanese). Sannomaru, Naka-ku, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan: Chunichi Shimbun Co., Ltd. 2008-04-08. Archived from the original on 2012-07-24.
- 「風」ひとり旅コンサートで全国へ － 伊勢正三さん [Interview;Shozo Ise : ex-Kaze continue "Solitary Journey" concert tour across Japan]. Asahi Shimbun (in Japanese). 3-2-4 Nakanoshima, Kita-ku Osaka 530-8211, Japan: The Asahi Shimbun Company. 2011-03-29. Archived from the original on 2012-01-27. Retrieved 2012-03-08.
- Okamoto, Satoshi (2011). Single Chart Book: Complete Edition 1968-2010 (in Japanese). Roppongi, Tokyo: Oricon Entertainment. ISBN 4-87131-088-4.