Kazi Magomed–Astara–Abadan pipeline

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Kazi Magomed–Astara–Abadan pipeline
Location
Country Azerbaijan, Iran
General direction north-south
From Kazi Magomed, Azerbaijan
Passes through Astara (Azerbaijan), Astara (Iran), Rasht, Tehran
To Abadan (Bid-Boland), Iran
General information
Type natural gas
Partners SOCAR, National Iranian Gas Company
Commissioned 1970
Technical information
Length 1,474.5 km (916.2 mi)
Maximum discharge 10 billion cubic meters per year

The Kazi Magomed–Astara–Abadan pipeline is a natural gas pipeline from Kazi Magomed in Azerbaijan to Iran.

History[edit]

The pipeline was agreed between Iran and the Soviet Union in 1965.[1] It was inaugurated in October 1970 in Astara by Mohammad Rezā Shāh Pahlavi and Nikolai Podgorny, Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet.[2] In 1971–1979, Southern Caucasus republics of the Soviet Union were supplied through this pipeline by natural gas from Iran.[3] After Iranian Revolution Iranian supplies were cut off.[4]

In 2006, Azerbaijan began a swap deal with Iran, providing gas through the Baku-Astara line to Iran; while Iran supplies Nakhchivan. On 11 November 2009, the State Oil Company of Azerbaijan (SOCAR) and National Iranian Gas Company signed a memorandum according to which Azerbaijani will supply starting from 2010 500 million cubic meters of natural gas per year.[5]

Technical features[edit]

The overall length of the pipeline is 1,474.5 kilometres (916.2 mi), of which 296.5 kilometres (184.2 mi) in Azerbaijan. The pipe diameter is 1,020 millimetres (40 in) and it had original capacity of 10 billion cubic meters of natural gas per year at 55 standard atmospheres (5,600 kPa).[5] The Iranian section of the pipeline is known as IGAT1.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hiro, Dilip (1987). Iran under the ayatollahs. Routledge. p. 280. ISBN 978-0-7102-1123-1. Retrieved 2009-11-26. 
  2. ^ Chubin, Shahram; Zabih, Sepehr (1974). The foreign relations of Iran: a developing state in a zone of great-power conflict. University of California Press. p. 80. ISBN 978-0-520-02683-4. 
  3. ^ Staar, Richard Felix (1991). Staar, Richard Felix; Drachkovitch, Milorad M.; Gann, Lewis H., eds. Yearbook on international communist affairs. 235 (25 ed.). Hoover Institution Press. p. 483. ISBN 978-0-8179-9161-6. 
  4. ^ Wilson, David (1983). The demand for energy in the Soviet Union. Taylor & Francis. p. 36. Retrieved 2009-11-26. 
  5. ^ a b E.Ismayilov (2009-11-11). "Azerbaijan and Iran sign memorandum on gas supplies". Trend Capital. Retrieved 2009-11-26.