Kazimierz Kelles-Krauz (22 March 1872 – 24 June 1905) was a Polish philosopher and sociologist, member of the Polish Socialist Party. He was one of the most significant Marxist thinkers at the end of the 19th century.
His greatest contribution to sociology is the "law of retrospective revolution" according to which "the ideals with which each reform movement tries to replace existing social norms are always similar to the norms of a more or less distant past".
Yale's Timothy Snyder argues that Kelles-Krauz, writing two decades before Hans Kohn and Carlton Hayes, ought to be among the small cluster of turn-of-the-century thinkers regarded as the pioneers of the modern study of nationalism.
- Snyder, Timothy (1997). "Kazimierz Kelles-Krauz (1872–1905): A pioneering scholar of modern nationalism" (PDF). Nations and Nationalism. 3 (2): 231–250. doi:10.1111/j.1354-5078.1997.00231.x. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 23, 2009.
- Snyder, Timothy (1998). Nationalism, Marxism, and Modern Central Europe: A Biography of Kazimierz Kelles-Krauz. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
- Snyder, Timothy (1999). "A Polish Socialist For Jewish Nationality: Kazimierz Kelles-Krauz (1872-1905)" (PDF). Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry. 12: 257–271.
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