Kazimierz Nestor Sapieha

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Kazimierz Nestor Sapieha
Kazimier Niestar Sapieha. Казімер Нестар Сапега (J. Pitschmann, 1787).jpg
Portrait by Józef Pitschmann (1787)
Herb Sapiehów.PNG
Coat of armsLis
Born(1757-02-14)14 February 1757
Brześć Litewski, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
Died25 May 1798(1798-05-25) (aged 41)
Vienna, Austrian Empire
Noble familySapieha
consortAnna Cetner h. Przerowa
FatherJan Sapieha
MotherElżbieta Branicka

Prince Kazimierz Nestor Sapieha (1757–1798) was a Polish-Lithuanian noble (szlachcic) and one the creators of the 3 May Constitution.


Early life and career[edit]

Kazimierz Sapieha was educated at the Knight School in Warsaw from 1767 until 1771, and later studied in Italy.[1] Upon his return he served as Artillery General of Lithuania, from 1773 to 1793.[1] As Deputy from Brzesc Litewski, he participated in several Sejms.[1] Most notably, from 1790 he participated in the Four-Year Sejm in Warsaw, and became Sejm Marshal from 6 October 1788 until 29 May 1792, and Marshal of the Lithuanian Confederation.[1]


An early supporter of the magnate opposition to any liberalization (his uncle Hetman Franciszek Ksawery Branicki was its leader), Sapieha changed his position under the influence of Stanisław Małachowski, and became a supporter of reforms, and the 3 May Constitution.[1] He strongly protested, when King Stanisław August Poniatowski joined the Targowica Confederation, and this so angered Sapieha, that he decided to leave Poland. He briefly settled in Dresden.[1] After the outbreak of the Kościuszko Uprising, he returned to his homeland and participated in the uprising, holding the rank of an Artillery Captain.[1] After the Uprising collapsed, he left Poland again, and spent the rest of his life in exile in Vienna, where he died 1798.[1]



  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Jacek Jędruch (1998). Constitutions, elections, and legislatures of Poland, 1493–1977: a guide to their history. EJJ Books. pp. 197–198. ISBN 978-0-7818-0637-4. Retrieved 13 August 2011.