Kazuo Hatoyama

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Kazuo Hatoyama

Kazuo Hatoyama (鳩山 和夫, Hatoyama Kazuo, May 6, 1856 – October 3, 1911) was the patriarchal head of the prominent Japanese Hatoyama political family which has been called "Japan's Kennedy family."[1]

Life and career[edit]

Hatoyama was born to a samurai family of the Katsuyama clan in present-day Minato, Tokyo,[2] and graduated from the Tokyo Kaisei School in 1875. He was selected for a government-sponsored study abroad program and went on to attend Columbia University (B.L., 1877) and Yale University Law School (M.L., 1878; D.C.L., 1880).[2] He returned to Tokyo in 1880 and opened a law practice, while simultaneously lecturing at the University of Tokyo.[3][4]

He thereafter joined the Rikken Kaishintō political party founded by Ōkuma Shigenobu, and became active in politics. In 1890, at Okuma's urging, he was appointed president of the Tokyo Semmon Gakko, which shortly thereafter became Waseda University. He headed this institution until 1907, although his title was largely honorary in nature.[4] In 1901, he was invited to Yale for its 200th anniversary celebration, and awarded an honorary doctorate in law.[2]

He was elected to the House of Representatives in the 1892 general election and was re-elected eight times thereafter.[3] He became House Speaker in 1896. However, a rift developed between Hatoyama and Okuma. Although Hatoyama angled to become foreign minister in Okuma's first cabinet, he was passed over for the post and only served as Vice Minister in 1898.[3][4] In April 1907, he was removed from his post at Waseda and demoted to board member status. He left the Rikken Kaishinto in January 1908 to join the rival Rikken Seiyukai party.[4]

He was elected to the Tokyo municipal assembly in 1908. In 1910, he was elected President of the Tokyo Bar Association.[2]

Family[edit]

His wife, Haruko Hatoyama, was a co-founder of what is known today as Kyoritsu Women's University. His son is former Prime Minister Ichirō Hatoyama, who founded and was the first president of the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP).[5] His grandson was former Foreign Minister Iichirō Hatoyama. His younger great-grandson Kunio Hatoyama served as Minister of Internal Affairs and Communications under Prime Minister Taro Aso until June 12, 2009. His older great-grandson Yukio Hatoyama is the leader of the Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ) and represents the 9th district of Hokkaidō in the House of Representatives. Yukio became Prime Minister on September 16, 2009, following a win by the opposition coalition in the 2009 elections.

Family tree[edit]

Residence[edit]

Hatoyama and his family took up residence in the Otowa neighborhood of Bunkyo, Tokyo in 1891.[6] Following the Great Kanto Earthquake, his son Ichiro commissioned a new Western-style mansion on the site which is now known as Hatoyama Hall (鳩山会館 Hatoyama Kaikan).[7]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Suzuki, Miwa (2009-08-24). "Japan's first lady hopeful an outgoing TV lifestyle guru". Agence France-Presse. France 24. Archived from the original on January 5, 2010. Retrieved 2009-08-31. 
  2. ^ a b c d "鳩山家の人々-鳩山会館". www.hatoyamakaikan.com. Retrieved 2017-04-26. 
  3. ^ a b c "Hatoyama, Kazuo". www.ndl.go.jp. Retrieved 2017-04-26. 
  4. ^ a b c d "早稲田大学初代校長 鳩山和夫 ― 【外部から来た校長・学長】第2回". 早稲田ウィークリー (in Japanese). Retrieved 2017-04-26. 
  5. ^ "Japan on the brink of a new era", Asia Times, August 29, 2009.
  6. ^ "歴史-鳩山会館". www.hatoyamakaikan.com. Retrieved 2017-04-26. 
  7. ^ "歴史-鳩山会館". www.hatoyamakaikan.com. Retrieved 2017-04-26. 

References[edit]

House of Representatives of Japan
Preceded by
Masataka Kusumoto
Speaker of the House of Representatives
1896–1897
Succeeded by
Kenkichi Kataoka
New district Representative for Tokyo's Tokyo city district (multi-member)
1902–1911
Served alongside: Ukichi Taguchi, Soroku Ebara, numerous others
Succeeded by
Masutarō Takagi
...
Preceded by
Tsugutsune Yoshino
Representative for Tokyo's 9th district
1892–1902
District eliminated