Kazuo Sakamaki

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Kazuo Sakamaki
POW Kazuo Sakamaki.jpg
Sakamaki in U.S. custody
Born(1918-11-08)November 8, 1918
Awa, Tokushima, Japan
DiedNovember 29, 1999(1999-11-29) (aged 81)
Toyota, Aichi, Japan
AllegianceEmpire of Japan
Service/branchImperial Japanese Navy
Years of service1940–1941
RankEnsign
Commands heldHA. 19 midget submarine
Battles/warsWorld War II

Kazuo Sakamaki (酒巻和男, Sakamaki Kazuo, November 8, 1918 – November 29, 1999) was a Japanese naval officer who became the first Japanese prisoner of war of World War II captured by U.S. forces.

Early life and education[edit]

Sakamaki was born in what is now part of the city of Awa, Tokushima Prefecture, one of eight sons. He was a graduate of the 68th class of the Imperial Japanese Naval Academy in 1940.

Career[edit]

Sakamaki's HA-19, which ran aground
HA-19 pulled up to the beach

Attack on Pearl Harbor[edit]

Ensign Sakamaki was one of ten sailors (five officers and five petty officers) selected to attack Pearl Harbor in five two-man Ko-hyoteki class midget submarines on 7 December 1941. Of the ten, nine were killed (including the other crewman in submarine HA. 19, CWO Kiyoshi Inagaki.) Sakamaki was chosen for the mission due to his large number of siblings.[citation needed]

Sakamaki's submarine became trapped on a reef off Waimanalo Beach, Oahu, as it attempted to enter Pearl Harbor. The book Attack on Pearl Harbor claims that his submarine hit four coral reefs and sank. Sakamaki ordered his crewman, Kiyoshi Inagaki, to swim to shore, and Sakamaki attempted to scuttle the disabled submarine and swim to shore as well. The explosives failed to go off and Inagaki drowned. Sakamaki made it to shore, but fell unconscious once on the beach, where he was found by a U.S. soldier, David Akui, and was taken into military custody. When he awoke, he found himself in a hospital under U.S. armed guard. Sakamaki became the first Japanese prisoner of war in U.S. captivity during World War II and was stricken from Japanese records and officially ceased to exist. His submarine was captured intact and was subsequently taken on tours across the United States to encourage war bond purchases.[1][2]

After being taken to Sand Island, Sakamaki requested that he be allowed to kill himself, which was denied. Sakamaki spent the rest of the war in prisoner-of-war camps in the continental United States. At the war's end, he was repatriated to Japan, by which time he had become deeply committed to pacifism.[2]

Later life and death[edit]

Sakamaki married and raised a family.[3] He worked with the Toyota Motor Corporation, becoming president of its Brazilian subsidiary in 1969. In 1983, he returned to Japan and continued working for Toyota before retiring in 1987. Outside of writing a memoir, Sakamaki refused to speak about the war until 1991, when he attended a historical conference at the National Museum of the Pacific War in Fredericksburg, Texas. He reportedly cried at the conference when he was reunited with his submarine (which was on display at the museum) for the first time in 50 years.[2]

He spent the rest of his life in Japan until his death in 1999 at the age of 81.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Goldstein, Richard (December 21, 1999). Kazuo Sakamaki, 81, Pacific P.O.W. No. 1. The New York Times.
  2. ^ a b c Burlingame, Burl (May 11, 2002). World War II's first Japanese prisoner shunned the spotlight. Honolulu Star-Bulletin.
  3. ^ Mukuda, Kayo. "Son of Japanese POW who survived Pearl Harbor attack reflects on post-WWII family history". The Mainichi. Retrieved December 8, 2021.

Further reading[edit]

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