Kearns, Utah

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Kearns, Utah
Location in Salt Lake County and the state of Utah.
Location in Salt Lake County and the state of Utah.
Coordinates: 40°39′11″N 112°0′24″W / 40.65306°N 112.00667°W / 40.65306; -112.00667Coordinates: 40°39′11″N 112°0′24″W / 40.65306°N 112.00667°W / 40.65306; -112.00667
CountryUnited States
StateUtah
CountySalt Lake
Founded1 May, 1942
Granted Township Status1 June, 2002
Incorporated as a Metro TownshipJanuary, 2017
Named forThomas Kearns
Government
 • Chair/MayorKelly Bush
Area
 • Total4.63 sq mi (11.99 km2)
 • Land4.63 sq mi (11.99 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
4,528 ft (1,380 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total35,731
 • Estimate 
(2019)[2]
36,330
 • Density7,844.96/sq mi (3,029.17/km2)
Time zoneUTC-7 (Mountain (MST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-6 (MDT)
ZIP code
84118
Area code(s)385, 801
FIPS code49-40470[3]
GNIS feature ID1429290[4]
Websitehttps://www.kmtutah.org/

Kearns (/kɜːrnz/ kurnz) is a metro township in Salt Lake County, Utah, United States. Named after Utah's U.S. Senator Thomas Kearns, it had a population of 35,731 at the 2010 Census.[5] This was a 6.2 percent increase over the 2000 figure of 33,659. Kearns is home to the Utah Olympic Oval, an indoor speed skating oval built for the 2002 Winter Olympics.

History[edit]

See also: Kearns Army Airfield for information about the military use of the facility

WWII[edit]

map of camp Kearns

Kearns came into existence 1 May 1942 as a World War II United States Army Air Forces training facility known as Kearns Army Air Base (also known as Kearns Center; redesignated: Camp Kearns, 1 January 1944). Before the base was built, the area consisted of dry farms on land reserved for universities and colleges. Construction of the base involved building airplane runways and hangars, with several taxiways and a large parking apron and a control tower. Several hundred buildings were also constructed and quickly assembled. Most base buildings, not meant for long-term use, were constructed of temporary or semi-permanent materials. Most support buildings sat on concrete foundations but were of frame construction clad in little more than plywood and tarpaper. The thousands of soldiers and airmen stationed there temporarily made the base one of the largest cities in the state. On 15 August 1946, the Air Force deactivated the base and turned the facility over to the State of Utah. The presence of roads and other infrastructure made the area attractive to developers. Houses and businesses sprang up rapidly on what had just a few years earlier been farmland. A theater for "colored personnel" became part of Kearns Junior High School. A base chapel is now part of Our Lady of Perpetual Help Catholic Church. The base train station is a day-care center. A cannon that had stood next to the headquarters' flagpole stood for many years at the corner of 40th West and 54th South. The airfield part of Kearns Army Air Base today is known as South Valley Regional Airport.[6]

Post war and turn of the century[edit]

Kearns, in the mid to late twentieth century, saw rapid growth on the former airbase. The old streets and foundations of buildings built by the military were used as a template for the town, and homes sprung up quickly as Kearns was becoming the first suburb in Salt lake county. By the 1970s and into the 1980s, suburban development expanded west of the railroad tracks to 5600 West. In 2002, the Winter Olympics brought construction of the Olympic Oval at Oquirrh Park. The Olympic Oval was built on a former running track. The Utah Olympic Oval in Kearns was the venue for long-track speed skating events in the 2002 Winter Olympics. Because of its altitude, which gives it the thinnest air of any such facility in the world, and its unique architecture, which allows for close control of temperature and ice conditions, the Oval saw numerous records set during the games. It remains arguably the fastest ice surface in the world.[7] It is used today as a tourist attraction and a recreation spot. The last major housing area constructed in Kearns was an area between 5600 west and 6200 south.

2005-present[edit]

In 2015 the township of Kearns voted to incorporate as a metro township, a new form of local government that allowed it to elect a council and mayor. Kearns could have also voted to become a city. The following year five council members were elected from five districts and took office in 2017. In 2019 and 2020 more housing was built around Oquirrh park and the Kearns library was finished in December of 2020. Every year in late July and early August there is a parade in Kearns.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the Metro township has a total area of 4.8 square miles (12 km2), all land.

Kearns lies on the western side of the Salt Lake Valley and West Bench. The majority of the township lies on the lake bed of the Provo episode of Lake Bonneville, while all of Kearns lies on the Bonneville lake bed. Kearns borders West Valley City to the north and west, Taylorsville to the east, and West Jordan to the south.

The area where Kearns is situated is on a natural formation called the Kearns-Benion hill, which rises approximately 100 feet (30 m) above the valley. The hill runs in a northwest direction from the Jordan River to Bacchus hill in the Oquirrh Mountains.

Climate[edit]

This climatic region is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (usually dry) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Kearns has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps.[8]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
196017,172
197017,071−0.6%
198021,35325.1%
199028,37432.9%
200033,65918.6%
201035,7316.2%
2019 (est.)36,330[2]1.7%
source:[9]

According to estimates from the Kem C. Gardner Policy Institute of the University of Utah,[10] as of 2015, there were 36,530 people in Kearns. The racial makeup of the county was 60.21% non-Hispanic White, 0.89% Black, 0.79% Native American, 2.07% Asian, 1.95% Pacific Islander, and 2.41% from two or more races. 31.68% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 35,731 people, 9,789 households, and 9,209 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 7,444 people per square mile (4,625.5/km2). There were 10,169 housing units at an average density of 2,118.5/sq mi (1,316.4/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 70.29% White, 1.39% African American, 1.44% Native American, 2.08% Asian, 2.64% Pacific Islander, 18.72% from other races, and 3.45% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 32.83% of the population.

There were 9,789 households, out of which 54.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.3% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 13.8% were non-families. 10.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 3.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.65 and the average family size was 3.88.

In the CDP, the population was spread out, with 37.2% under the age of 18, 11.2% from 18 to 24, 32.0% from 25 to 44, 13.4% from 45 to 64, and 6.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 26 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.2 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $45,711, and the median income for a family was $46,598. Males had a median income of $31,444 versus $22,838 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $14,110. About 5.1% of families and 7.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.3% of those under age 18 and 6.5% of those age 65 or over.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ Utah Trend Report 2: State and Complete Places (Sub-state 2010 Census Data). Archived 2012-07-19 at Archive.today Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed 2011-02-26.
  6. ^ Manning, Thomas A. (2005), History of Air Education and Training Command, 1942–2002. Office of History and Research, Headquarters, AETC, Randolph AFB, Texas ASIN: B000NYX3PC
  7. ^ "Kearns History - Kearns Community Council". www.kearnsutah.org. Retrieved 2021-01-21.
  8. ^ Climate Summary for Kearns, Utah
  9. ^ "CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING (1790–2000)". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 31 July 2010.
  10. ^ "Salt Lake City Data Book 2017" (PDF). Kem C. Gardner Policy Institute. Retrieved April 16, 2018.

External links[edit]