Kedah Malay

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Kedah Malay
Pelat Utagha
Bahasa Melayu Kedah
Region Malaya
Ethnicity Kedahan Malays
Native speakers
2.6 million  (2004)[1]
Dialects Coastal Kedah
Perlis-Langkawi
Penang
Northern Kedah
Satun?
Language codes
ISO 639-3 meo
Glottolog keda1251[2]
Spread of Kedahan Malay: A. Kedah Valley, B. Satun (Setoi) C. Tanintharyi (Tanah Sari) D. Acheh

Kedah Malay or Kedahan (Also known as Pelat Utara or Loghat Utara 'Northern Dialect') is a variety of the Malayan languages mainly spoken in the northwestern northern Malaysian states of Perlis, Kedah, Penang, and northern Perak and in the southern Thai provinces of Trang and Satun, where it is called "Satun Malay" (มลายูถิ่นสตูล). Speakers in Trang are most heavily influenced by Thai language.[3]

Kedahan Malay can be divided into several dialects, namely Kedah Persisiran (standard), Baling or Kedah Hulu, Kedah Utara, Perlis-Langkawi, Penang and some others outside Malaysia. See Malayan languages for a comparison of Kedah Persisiran, Penang and Baling dialects.

The main characteristic of Kedahan Malay is the -a final vocal is pronounced as /ɑ/ such as /a/ in "dark", which is varied from standard Malay -a that pronounced as /a/. Other characteristics of the dialect are final consonant -r is pronounced as -q and final consonant -s is pronounced as -ih (e.g.:Lapar = Lapaq (Hungry), Lepas = Lepaih (release, after) ) while initial and middle r are guttural.

Vocabulary[edit]

Some word examples of comparison between Kedahan Malay and Standard Malay along with English translation:

Kedahan Malay (Standard Subdialect) Standard Malay (Malaysia) English
Ayaq Air Water
Hat/Hak Yang Which/That
Hang Kamu, Engkau You (singular)
Habaq Khabar, Beritahu Say/Tell
Cek Saya, Kamu I, You (singular)
Depa Mereka They, Them
Angpa/Hampa Kalian You (plural)/ Your Guys
Sepa (only used in certain areas) Kami We/Us
Pi Pergi Go
Mai Datang, Mari Come
Awat, Pasaipa Mengapa Why
La Sekarang Now
Sat Sebentar, Sekejap Moment (to wait)
Mengkala Bila/Apabila When
Ketegaq Degil, Keras Kepala Stubborn
Jom (widely used in Malaysian Malay) Ayuh, Mari Let's go
Kot (widely used in Malaysian Malay) Mungkin, Barangkali Maybe/Probably
Gerek Basikal (also used by Kedahan Malay that reside in urban area) Bicycle
Mertun Tukul Hammer
Tenggalung Baling Throw
Ghabat Panjat Climb
Ligan Kejar Chase
Loq Laq Tak senonoh Indecent
Ketit Gigit kecil Nibble
Tokak Gigit Bite
Berlemuih Comot Grubby
Beretuh Terlanggar Bump/Hit
Hawing Baling Throw (usually something big)
Kupang Puluh sen -ty cent(s) (example: ten cents, fifty cents etc.)
Jenuh Susah Burdensome (usually refers to an action)
Toyu Kicap Soy sauce
Celuih Muat Fits
Kutey Cubit Pinch/Tweak
Mangkaq (vulgar) Bodoh Stupid/Dimwit
Darai Pondan Transvestite
Taboh Pukul/Tampar Hit/Beat (someone)
Tauk Buang Get rid
Tokua Tauhu Tofu
Cengey Garang Aggressive/Fierce
Tu Itu That
Gi Kemudian Soon/Later

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kedah Malay at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Kedah Malay". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ "as they often do, their dialect is" - My library - Google Books. Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-02-20. 

External links[edit]