Kedahan Malay people
|3.1 million (Kedah Valley - 2008)|
|Regions with significant populations|
|Perlis, Kedah, Penang, north of Perak (Malaysia), western part of Southern Thailand & Southern Myanmar|
|Kedahan Malay, Baling Malay, Malaysian, Thai, Burmese|
|Historically Hindu-Buddhist, today mostly Sunni Islam|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Malaysian Malay, Thai Malay, Burmese Malays|
Kedahan Malay (Malay: Melayu Kedah, Jawi: ﻤﻼﻴﻮ ﻗﺪﺡ ) or commonly known as Orang Utara is a sub-group of Malays that is native to northern Malaysia (in the states Kedah, Penang and Perlis as well northernmost parts of Perak) and in southernmost parts of Thailand (in the provinces of Phuket and Satun) and Burma (in Mergui Archipelago). They are among the earliest settlers in the Malay peninsula. Kedahan Malays comprised at least 15% of the total Malaysian Malay population.
According to history, Kedah was very popular among Arabian traders. Thus, this has led to interracial marriages between Arabs and Malays. Due to Arabic influences in the Kedahan Malay language, some Kedahan Malay are of Arab descent. However some of the Kedahan Malays that resided on the island-state of Penang might have Indian blood and some who lived in Thailand might have Thai blood.
Kedah Valley is an area where the majority inhabitants are Kedahan Malays. The valley covered the Satun province of Thailand and the three northern states of Malaysia (Perlis, Kedah, Pulau Pinang) with at least an area of 25,908 km square.
Nowadays, most Kedahan Malays known themselves as Orang Utara or People Of The Northern Region instead of Kedahan Malay since that they resided the northern part of Peninsular Malaysia. So are their language, which is called Pelat Utara or Northern Dialect.
Kedahan Malay can be divided into several sub-dialects, namely Kedah Persisiran (standard), Baling or Kedah Hulu, Kedah Utara, Perlis-Langkawi, Penang and some others (outside Malaysia). For instance instead of using 'kamu' to denote as 'you', 'hang' (hung - English pronunciation) is used.
Customs and culture
Kedahan Malay shares the same customs and traditions with other Malay in Peninsular Malaysia. The only thing that make them different is just their spoken dialect. Their own cultures included:
Boria The most famous Kedahan culture of Indian origin. It is quite similar to a musical theater. The theater used a fully Kedahan Malay language while the song used a mix of standard Malay and Kedahan accent or sometimes, a fully standard Malay. This theater is said to be created after the hybrid of Malay and Indian culture in Penang.
Silat Kuntau Tekpi Silat Kuntau Tekpi was founded by Panglima Taib bin Wan Hussain who was a Panglima (Palace Warrior-General) of the empire of Kedah. It is also a 'sister-art' of silat styles that stemmed from Panglima Tok Rashid, including Silat Kalimah and Silat Cekak.
Notable Kedahan Malay
- Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al-Haj, Malaysian 1st Prime Minister, Father of Independence, Member of Kedah Royal Family (Kedahan Malay with Thai descent)
- Tun Dr Mahathir bin Mohamad, Malaysian 4th Prime Minister (Kedahan Malay with Indian descent)
- Tan Sri Syed Mokhtar Al-Bukhary, the richest bumiputra corporate figure in Malaysia - currently the 7th richest in Malaysia (Kedahan Malay with Arab descent)
- Zulkifli Zain, Malaysian Actor
- Mazlan bin Ahmad,famous Malaysian comedian
- Farid Kamil, Malaysian Actor
- Askora Asbar, Malaysian and International Ping Pong star.
- Azizan Abdul Razak, Chief Minister of Kedah.
Kedahan Malay movies
- Raja Bersiong
- Rempit V3
- Hikayat Merong Mahawangsa
- Cun (2011)
Kedahan Malay Drama
- Cinta Anak Kedah
- Dari Kokdiang ke Kolumpo.
- Kedah Malay
- Kedah Wayang kulit Seri ansun
- Malays (ethnic group), the ethnic group located primarily in the Malay peninsula, and parts of Sumatra and Borneo
- Malay race, a racial category encompassing the people of South East Asia and sometimes the Pacific Islands
- Malaysian Malays, a constitutionally defined group of Muslim Malaysian citizens
- Malays in Singapore
- Malay Indonesian, ethnic Malays in Indonesia
- Thai Malays, ethnic Malays in Thailand
- Sri Lankan Malays, an ethnic group in Sri Lanka of Indonesian ancestry
- Cape Malays, an ethnic group or community in South Africa
- Cocos Malays, the predominant group ethnic group of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands, now part of Australia
- Overseas Malays, people of Malay ancestry living outside Malaysia and neighbouring ethnic Malay home areas
- Burmese Malays
||This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (March 2009)|
- Asmah Haji Omar (2008). Susur Galur Bahasa Melayu. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka (DBP).
- Dato’ James F. Augustin (1996) Bygone Kedah. Alor Setar: Lembaga Muzium Negeri Kedah Darul Aman
- Intisari Kebudayaan Melayu Kedah (1986). Alor Setar: Majlis Kebudayaan Negeri Kedah.