Kedukan Bukit inscription

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Kedukan Bukit Inscription
Prasasti Kedukan Bukit 3.jpg
The inscription displayed in the National Museum of Indonesia.
MaterialStone
Size45 cm × 80 cm
WritingPallava script
Created1 May 683 CE
Discovered1920
Kedukan Bukit, South Sumatra, Indonesia
Discovered byM. Batenburg
Present locationNational Museum of Indonesia, Jakarta
RegistrationD. 161

The Kedukan Bukit inscription is an inscription discovered by the Dutchman M. Batenburg on 29 November 1920 at Kedukan Bukit, South Sumatra, Indonesia, on the banks of the River Tatang, a tributary of the River Musi. It is the oldest surviving specimen of the Malay language, in a form known as Old Malay.[1] It is a small stone of 45 cm × 80 cm. This inscription is dated 1 May 683 CE. This inscription was written in Pallava script. The inscriptions contain numerous Sanskrit words.[2][3][4]

Content[edit]

Transliteration[edit]

Line Transliteration
1 svasti śrī śaka varṣātīta 605 ekādaśī śukla-
2 pakṣa vulan vaiśākha ḍapunta hiyaṃ nāyik di
3 sāmvau maṅalap siddhayātra di saptamī śuklapakṣa
4 vulan jyeṣṭha ḍapunta hiyaṃ marlapas dari mināṅa
5 tāmvan mamāva yaṃ vala dua lakṣa daṅan kośa
6 dua ratus cāra di sāmvau daṅan jālan sarivu
7 tlu ratus sapulu dua vañakña dātaṃ di mukha upa
8 sukhacitta di pañcamī śuklapakṣa vulan āsāḍha
9 laghu mudita dātaṃ marvuat vanua ...
10 śrīvijaya jaya siddhayātra subhikṣa nityakāla

Modern Malay translation[edit]

English Translation[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Guy, John (7 April 2014). Lost Kingdoms: Hindu-Buddhist Sculpture of Early Southeast Asia. Metropolitan Museum of Art. p. 21. ISBN 9781588395245. Retrieved 7 November 2014.
  2. ^ Colette Caillat; J. G. de Casparis (1991). Middle Indo-Aryan and Jaina Studies. BRILL. p. 36. ISBN 90-04-09426-1.
  3. ^ J. G. De Casparis (1978). Indonesian Chronology. BRILL Academic. pp. 15–24. ISBN 90-04-05752-8.
  4. ^ Andrea Acri (2016). Esoteric Buddhism in Mediaeval Maritime Asia: Networks of Masters, Texts, Icons. ISEAS-Yusof Ishak Institute. pp. 256–258. ISBN 978-981-4695-08-4.
  5. ^ According to Coedès, siddhayatra refers to some "magic potion". An alternative translation, however, is possible: Zoetmulder's Dictionary of Old Javanese (1995) renders it as "a prosperous journey". If so, the sentence may be taken to read: "Sri Baginda took dugouts in order to spread Buddhism, the successful way."
  6. ^ Meaning not clear.

Further reading[edit]

  • George Coedès, Les inscriptions malaises de Çrivijaya, BEFEO 1930
  • J.G. de Casparis, Indonesian Palaeography, Leiden (Brill) 1975.
  • Safiah Karim, Tatabahasa Dewan Edisi Baharu, Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka 1993.