Keemun

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Keemun
Tea leaves
After brewing
TypeBlack

Other namesQimen, 祁门, qímén, Qimen Hong Cha
OriginQimen County, Huangshan, Anhui, China

Quick descriptiona light black tea with floral, slightly smoky aroma and malty, unsweetened cocoa taste

Keemun
Traditional Chinese
Simplified Chinese
Literal meaningQimen red tea

Keemun (simplified Chinese: 祁门红茶; traditional Chinese: 祁門紅茶; pinyin: qímén hóngchá; Jyutping: kei4mun4 hung4cha4; lit. 'Qimen red tea') is a famous Chinese black tea. First produced in the late 19th century, it quickly became popular in the West and is still used for a number of classic blends.[1] It is a light tea with characteristic stone fruit and slightly smoky notes in the aroma and a gentle, malty, non-astringent taste reminiscent of unsweetened cocoa. Keemun is said to have floral aromas and wooden notes.[2][3]

History[edit]

Keemun is produced exclusively in the Qimen County in the south of Anhui province. It is grown in Guichi, Shitai, Dongzhi, and Yixian.[4] The name of the tea is an older Western spelling of the name of the nearby town, Qimen (pronounced "Chee-men"). The tea-growing region lies between the Yellow Mountains and the Yangtze River.[5] The cultivar used for Keemun is the same as that used in production of Huangshan Maofeng. While the latter is an old, well-known variety of green tea, Keemun was first produced in 1875 using techniques adapted from Fujian province farmers.[6]

A map of China with Anhui province highlighted
Keemun is grown in Anhui province, China

Many varieties of Keemun exist, with different production techniques used for each. Nevertheless, any Keemun undergoes particularly slow withering and oxidation processes, yielding more nuanced aroma and flavor.[5][4] Some of Keemun's characteristic floral notes can be attributed to a higher proportion of geraniol, compared to other black teas.[7]

Varieties[edit]

Among the many varieties of Keemun perhaps the most well-known is Keemun Mao Feng (祁門毛峰). Harvested earlier than others, and containing leafsets of two leaves and a bud, it is lighter and sweeter than other Keemun teas. Another high grade variety, containing mostly leaves and stronger than others, is the Keemun Hao Ya (祁門毫芽). For Western markets, it is separated by quality into Hao Ya A and Hao Ya B categories, the former being somewhat better than the latter. Either has a markedly intense taste.[5] Other varieties include those specifically tailored for the Gongfu tea ceremony (Keemun Gongfu, or Congou祁門工夫) and Keemun Xin Ya (祁門新芽), an early bud variety, said to have less bitterness.[4] One of the black teas produced in neighboring Hubei province is sometimes referred to as a Hubei Keemun (湖北祁門) by several tea companies, but is not a Keemun in the true sense of the term.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Freeman, Michael; d'Offay, Timothy. "Chinese Tea Mountains". The Life of Tea: A Journey to the World's Finest Teas.
  2. ^ Wang, Hua-fu; You, Xiao-qing; Chen, Zong-mao (2002). "The Chemistry of Tea Volatiles". Tea: Bioactivity and Therapeutic Potential. Taylor & Francis.
  3. ^ Xu, Ning; Chen, Zong-mao (2002). "Green Tea, Black Tea and Semi-fermented Tea". Tea: Bioactivity and Therapeutic Potential. Taylor & Francis.
  4. ^ a b c Heiss, Mary Lou; Heiss, Robert J. (2007). "Journey along the tea trail". The Story of Tea: A Cultural History and Drinking guide.
  5. ^ a b c Harney, Michael (2008). "Chinese black teas". The Harney & Sons Guide to Tea. The Penguin Press. ISBN 978-1-440642036.
  6. ^ Huang, H. T. (2000). "Tea processing and utilisation". Science and Civilisation in China Volume 6. Biology and Biological Technology Part 5. Fermentations and Food Science. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521652704.
  7. ^ Kobayashi, A.; Kawakami, M. (1991). "Analysis of Essential Oils of Tea". Essential oils and waxes. Springer-Verlag. ISBN 978-0-521652704.

External links[edit]