Keetham Lake

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Keetham Lake
Location Agra, India
Basin countries India

Keetham lake is a scenic lake just outside Agra on the Agra - Delhi highway (NH 2). The Keetham lake is also known as the Sur Sarovar. It is a tranquil spot, ideal for a relaxed outing. A wide variety of fish and water-birds add to the lake's natural charm and beauty.


This scenic lake, is about 20 km from Agra and 12 km from sikandra is located within the Sur Sarovar Bird Sanctuary. Keetham Lake is linked by Railway track at Keetham Railway Station and was declared as National Bird Sanctuary in 27 March 1991 by U.P. Forest Department. The riverine belt of River Yamuna surrounds the area of Sur-Sarovar.


The climatic conditions of the lake area is typical of Uttar Pradesh plains with hot windy summers and extremely cold winters. The average temperature ranges between 1.5 C to 49 C. The monsoon season occurs during July to September.


The entire lake is formed in a catchment area of 7.13 km². Keetham Lake is pentagonal in shape. There are artificially created islands for shelter and breeding grounds to the migratory birds.The best thing is that is placed on the way of Delhi and tourist can visit during the their journey to Agra.

Water Management[edit]

The raw water for Keetham Lake is obtained from Agra Canal originating from Okhla barrage on River Yamuna in Delhi. At Delhi Agra road, the Agra Canal water is diverted through Jodhpur branch near Anand Engineering College located about 2 km from Keetham. The lake water of Keetham is also used as raw water intake for Mathura Refinery Water Treatment Plant located in vicinity of Keetham Lake


U.P. Forest Department has created woodlands and developed shallow areas near lake, making it a natural habitat for birds nesting sites.


Uttar Pradesh government has decided to reduce the eco-sensitive zone limit around Keetham Lake from 10 km to just 250 metres.[1]


More than 106 species of migratory and resident birds are known to have their resting habitats at Sur Sarovar. The entire lake area gets covered by profuse growth of macrophytic vegetation of water hyacinth (Eichornia sp.) and Potamogeton sp. during summers. The water quality of Keetham lake supports wide range of avifauna during winter season. The important aquatic birds inhabiting Keetham lake are

  • Little Gerbs
  • Cormorants
  • Darter,
  • Grey Heron
  • Purple Heron
  • Paddy Bird
  • Cattle Egrets
  • Large Egrets
  • Smaller Egrets
  • Little Egrets
  • Night Heron
  • Indian Reef Heron
  • Black necked Stork
  • white Ibis
  • Spon Bill
  • Greying Goose
  • Bar headed Goose
  • Lesser Whistling Teal
  • Ruddy Shelduck
  • Pintail
  • Common Teal
  • Spot Billed Duck
  • Gadwall, Wigeon
  • Shoveler
  • Comb Duck

See also[edit]


Coordinates: 27°15′12″N 77°50′38″E / 27.253295°N 77.843875°E / 27.253295; 77.843875