Keflavík International Airport

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Keflavík International Airport
Keflavíkurflugvöllur
Keflavíkurflugvöllur logo.svg
SSJ100 Keflavik runways (5160518757).jpg
Summary
Airport type Public / Military
Owner/Operator Isavia Limited
Serves Greater Reykjavík Area, Iceland
Location Sandgerði, Iceland
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 52 m / 171 ft
Coordinates 63°59′06″N 22°36′20″W / 63.98500°N 22.60556°W / 63.98500; -22.60556Coordinates: 63°59′06″N 22°36′20″W / 63.98500°N 22.60556°W / 63.98500; -22.60556
Website www.kefairport.is/english/
Map
KEF/BIKF is located in Iceland
KEF/BIKF
KEF/BIKF
Location in Iceland
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
01/19 3,054 10,020 Asphalt
10/28 3,065 10,056 Asphalt
Statistics
Passengers (2016) 6.821.358
Cargo (2012) 38,986 t
Sources:[1] AIP Iceland at ICAA[2]
Statistics: Isavia Limited[3][4]

Keflavík International Airport (Icelandic: Keflavíkurflugvöllur) (IATA: KEFICAO: BIKF), also known as Reykjavík-Keflavík Airport, is the largest airport in Iceland and the country's main hub for international transportation. The airport is 1.7 nautical miles (3.1 km; 2.0 mi) west of Keflavík[2] and 50 km (31 mi) southwest of Reykjavík. The airport has three runways, two of which are in use, and the airport area is about 25 km2 (9.7 sq mi). Most international journeys to or from Iceland pass through this airport.

The main carriers at Keflavík are Icelandair and WOW air, each of which has the airport as its main hub. The airport is almost exclusively used for international flights; most domestic flights use Reykjavík Airport, which lies 3 km (1.9 mi) from Reykjavík's city centre, although seasonal flights from Akureyri fly to Keflavík. Keflavík Airport is operated by Isavia, a government enterprise.

History[edit]

Early years[edit]

Originally, the airport was built by the United States military during World War II and opened on March 23, 1943. The U.S. named it Meeks Field after a young pilot, George Meeks, who died on the Reykjavík airfield. After the war, the airport and the base were returned to Iceland's control and were renamed for the nearby town of Keflavik. In 1951, the U.S. military returned to the airport under a defense agreement between Iceland and the U.S. signed on 5 May 1951.[5]

Development since the 1950s[edit]

With the reestablishment of the military air base at Keflavík during the 1950s, the air terminal found itself in the middle of a secure military zone. Travelers had to pass through military check points to reach their flights, until 1987, when the civilian terminal was relocated.[citation needed]

The presence of foreign military forces in Iceland under the NATO sponsored Iceland–U.S. Defense Agreement of 1951 was controversial in Iceland, which had no indigenous military forces other than the Icelandic Coast Guard.[citation needed] During the 1960s and 1970s, rallies were held to protest the U.S. military presence in Iceland (and in particular at Keflavík), and every year protesters walked the 50 km (31 mi) road from Reykjavík to Keflavík and chanted "Ísland úr NATO, herinn burt" (literally: Iceland out of NATO, the military away). The protests were not effective. One of the participants was Vigdís Finnbogadóttir,[citation needed] who later became the first female President of Iceland.

The former Agreed Military Area at Keflavík was re-designated "Airport, Security and Development Area" under the supervision of the Keflavík International Airport Ltd. (established 1 January 2009)[citation needed], the Icelandic Coast Guard and the Keflavík Airport Development Corporation (Kadeco), respectively. The Coast Guard maintains hangars for military aircraft as well as ammunition depots, air defence radars and other military equipment for national defence. The former military encampment area (U.S. Naval Air Station Keflavik) being developed by Kadeco has been named Ásbrú to reflect its new role. The airport is in the little village named Sandgerði, but the runway leads to Keflavík.

The 3,000-metre-long (10,000 ft) and 61-metre-wide (200 ft) runways are long enough to support NASA's Space Shuttle and also the Antonov An-225. On 29 June 1999, Concorde G-BOAA flew from Heathrow Airport to Reykjavík (Keflavík airport). The Concorde had been there earlier.[6] The airport is also an important emergency landing runway for large aircraft in transatlantic operation in the ETOPS system, which requires aircraft to always have less than a certain distance from a suitable landing site.[7] For many two-engine aircraft this is two or three hours with malfunction in one engine, so it would have been disallowed to cross the Atlantic Ocean with many two-engine aircraft if this airport didn't exist.

Facilities[edit]

The terminal is named after Leif Erikson who was the first European to arrive in North America[8] (Flugstöð Leifs Eiríkssonar (is), "Air terminal Leif Erikson"). It was opened 6 April 1987[citation needed] and separated the airport's civil traffic from the military base. It was later extended with the opening of the South Building in 2001 (not a separate terminal) to comply with the requirements of the Schengen Agreement. The North Building was later enlarged and finished in 2007. The terminal has duty-free stores in the departure and arrival lounges. In 2016, the current terminal was expanded.[9] The expansion added 7 gates.[10] There are also plans to add a third runway.[11]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

Although the population of Iceland is only about 300,000, there are scheduled flights to and from numerous locations across North America and Europe. The largest carrier operating out of Keflavík is Icelandair. On 23 October 2012 WOW air acquired Iceland Express[12] making it the second largest Icelandic carrier and the second largest at Keflavík. The airport only handles international flights (except for flights to Akureyri in connection with certain Air Iceland Connect flights to Greenland); domestic flights and flights to Greenland are operated from Reykjavík's domestic airport.

The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter services to and from Keflavík:[13]

Airlines Destinations
Aer Lingus Seasonal charter: Dublin[citation needed]
airBaltic Seasonal: Riga
Air Berlin Berlin–Tegel, Düsseldorf
Air Canada Rouge Seasonal: Montréal–Trudeau, Toronto–Pearson
Air Greenland Seasonal: Ilulissat, Nuuk
Air Iceland Connect Akureyri
Seasonal: Kangerlussuaq, Narsarsuaq
Atlantic Airways Vágar
Austrian Airlines Seasonal: Vienna
British Airways London–Heathrow
Czech Airlines Seasonal: Prague
Delta Air Lines New York–JFK
Seasonal: Minneapolis/St. Paul
easyJet Edinburgh, London–Gatwick, London–Luton, Manchester
Seasonal: Belfast–International, Bristol, London–Stansted
easyJet Switzerland Seasonal: Basel/Mulhouse, Geneva
Eurowings Seasonal: Berlin–Tegel, Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Stuttgart
Finnair Helsinki[14][15]
Flybe Seasonal charter: Birmingham[citation needed]
Germania Seasonal: Bremen, Dresden (begins 28 June 2017),[16] Friedrichshafen, Nuremberg (begins 28 June 2017)[16]
Iberia Express Seasonal: Madrid
Icelandair Amsterdam, Bergen, Birmingham, Brussels, Boston, Chicago–O'Hare, Copenhagen, Denver, Edmonton, Frankfurt, Glasgow, Helsinki, London–Gatwick, London–Heathrow, Manchester, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Munich, New York–JFK, Newark, Orlando, Oslo–Gardermoen, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Paris–Orly, Seattle/Tacoma, Stockholm–Arlanda, Tampa (begins 7 September 2017),[17] Toronto–Pearson, Vancouver,[18] Washington–Dulles
Seasonal: Anchorage, Barcelona, Billund, Geneva, Gothenburg, Halifax, Hamburg, Madrid, Milan–Malpensa, Montréal–Trudeau, Philadelphia, Portland (OR), Stavanger, Trondheim, Zürich
Icelandair
operated by Air Iceland Connect
Aberdeen, Belfast–City
Seasonal: Akureyri
Lufthansa Frankfurt (begins 29 October 2017)[19]
Seasonal: Frankfurt (ends 03 October 2017)[19], Munich
Niki Seasonal: Vienna
Norwegian Air Shuttle Barcelona, Oslo–Gardermoen
Seasonal: Alicante, Bergen, London–Gatwick, Madrid
Primera Air Seasonal: Alicante, Barcelona, Gran Canaria, La Palma, Málaga, Tenerife–South, Trieste
Seasonal charter: Almeria, Bodrum, Chania
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Oslo–Gardermoen
Thomson Airways Seasonal: East Midlands, London–Gatwick, Manchester
Transavia France Seasonal: Paris–Orly
Vueling Seasonal: Barcelona, Rome–Fiumicino
Wizz Air Budapest, Gdańsk, Katowice, Prague, Riga, Vilnius, Warsaw–Chopin, Wrocław
WOW air Amsterdam, Baltimore, Berlin–Schönefeld, Bristol, Boston, Brussels, Copenhagen, Dublin, Edinburgh, Frankfurt, Gran Canaria, London–Gatwick, Los Angeles, Miami, Montréal–Trudeau, Newark, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Pittsburgh, San Francisco, Stockholm–Arlanda, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion (begins 12 September 2017),[20][21] Toronto–Pearson
Seasonal: Alicante, Barcelona, Cork, Chicago–O'Hare (begins 13 July 2017),[22] Düsseldorf, Lyon, Milan–Malpensa, Salzburg, Tenerife–South, Warsaw–Chopin
WOW air
operated by Avion Express
Seasonal: Cork

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Air Atlanta Icelandic Bagram, Frankfurt, Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta, Luxembourg
ASL Airlines Belgium Liège, New York–JFK
Atlas Air Astana, Fargo, Shymkent
Bluebird Cargo Cologne/Bonn, Dublin, Moncton
Icelandair Cargo East Midlands, Liège, Humberside, New York–JFK
UPS Airlines
operated by Bluebird Cargo
Cologne/Bonn, Edinburgh, Moncton

Statistics[edit]

Busiest destinations[edit]

Departure area
Passenger terminal exterior
Busiest destinations from Keflavík (2015)[23]
Rank Airport Passengers
1. United Kingdom London–Gatwick, London–Heathrow, London–Luton
653,508
2. Denmark Copenhagen
437,182
3. United States New York-JFK, New York–Newark
309,827
4. Norway Oslo–Gardermoen
301,713
5. United States Boston
271,041
6. France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
266,689
7. Netherlands Amsterdam
203,466
8. Sweden Stockholm–Arlanda
167,847
9. Germany Frankfurt
144,682
10. Canada Toronto–Pearson
125,463
11. Germany Berlin–Schönefeld, Berlin–Tegel
123,367
12. United States Seattle–Tacoma
118,793
13. United Kingdom Manchester
110,608
14. Finland Helsinki
110,166
15. United States Washington–Dulles
110,107
16. Germany Munich
103,140
17. United States Denver
87,259
18. United Kingdom Glasgow–International
74,719
19. Canada Edmonton
65,900
20. Norway Bergen
59,687

Passenger numbers[edit]

Year Passengers[24] Change
2004 1,883,725
2005 2,101,679 +11.6%
2006 2,272,917 +8.1%
2007 2,429,144 +6.9%
2008 2,193,434 -9.7%
2009 1,832,944 -16.4%
2010 2,065,188 +12.7%
2011 2,474,806 +19.8%
2012 2,764,026 +11.7%
2013 3,209,848 +16.1%
2014 3,867,425 +20.5%
2015 4,855,505 +25.5%
2016 6,821,358 +40.4%

Access[edit]

Transport between the airport and Reykjavik city is by road only. The distance is 50 km. A new dual carriageway road (route 41) was opened in 2008. Buses are operated by Airport Express, Flybus and straeto (Reykjavik's transit company) to Reykjavik.[25] Taxis are available outside the terminal. Rental cars are available from various companies.[26]

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On 21 July 2013, a Russian Sukhoi Superjet 100 airliner, prototype aircraft 97005, made a belly landing during a test flight. The cause was a crew mistake due to fatigue. They operated the plane manually in order to simulate failures.[27][28]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Vísir – Enn eitt metið slegið í fjölda farþega sem fara um Keflavíkurflugvöll". Visir.is. 
  2. ^ a b "BIKF – Keflavík" (PDF). Icelandic Civil Aviation Administration. 
  3. ^ "2012 Passenger Statistics". Kefairport.is. Isavia Limited. Retrieved 22 October 2013. 
  4. ^ "Cargo Statistics 2012". Kefairport.is. Isavia Limited. Retrieved 22 October 2013. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Government Debated Secret Nuclear Deployments in Iceland". National Security Archive. George Washington University. 15 August 2016. Retrieved 10 December 2016. 
  6. ^ "Concorde to Iceland – The Ultimate Day Trip Trailer – Plato Video". YouTube. 21 April 2012. 
  7. ^ "Annex 6 - Operation of Aircraft" (PDF). Retrieved 24 May 2017. 
  8. ^ Read description and sources to his life and discovery in Leif Erikson
  9. ^ "Hugmyndir um að reisa nýja flugstöð" (in Icelandic). ruv. Retrieved 13 February 2013. 
  10. ^ "Metfjöldi farþega á Keflavíkurflugvelli í fyrra – Mikil aukning fjórða árið í röð". Isavia.is. 
  11. ^ "Hugmyndir um nýja flugbraut á Keflavíkurflugvelli" (in Icelandic). visir. Retrieved 13 February 2013. 
  12. ^ [1][dead link]
  13. ^ kefairport.is - Timetables retrieved 1 November 2016
  14. ^ Finnair plans new routes for S17 - Lentoposti.fi (Finnish)
  15. ^ Finnair adds more flights to Europe for S17 - Launches Reykjavík as year-round destination - Lentoposti.fi (Finnish)
  16. ^ a b 2017, UBM (UK) Ltd. "Germania S17 service expansions – update 1". Retrieved 24 May 2017. 
  17. ^ "Icelandair Announces Service from Tampa Bay and Philadelphia". icelandair.us. 2016-10-05. Retrieved 2016-10-05. 
  18. ^ "Icelandair’s Vancouver Service Goes Year-Round". aviationtribune.com. Retrieved 24 May 2017. 
  19. ^ a b http://newsroom.lufthansagroup.com/en/news-and-releases/2017/q2/lufthansa-to-expand-europe-network-six-new-frankfurt-destinations-for-the-winter-now-fixed.html
  20. ^ Craggs, Ryan (16 May 2017). "Wow Air to Launch $149 Flights from New York to Tel Aviv". CNT. Retrieved 16 May 2017. 
  21. ^ Liu, Jim (16 May 2017). "WOW air begins Tel Aviv service from Sep 2017". Routesonline. Retrieved 16 May 2017. 
  22. ^ |url=http://www.usatoday.com/story/travel/flights/todayinthesky/2017/03/27/wow-air-known-99-europe-fares-adds-first-city-midwest/99681838/
  23. ^ "Database - Eurostat". ec.europa.eu. Retrieved 24 May 2017. 
  24. ^ "2010 - Kefairport.com". kefairport.is. Retrieved 21 July 2016. 
  25. ^ "Airport Shuttle from Keflavik Airport, Iceland - Keflavik International Airport - Kefairport.com". kefairport.is. Retrieved 21 July 2016. 
  26. ^ "Car Rental/Car Hire at Keflavik International Airport, Iceland - Kefairport.com". kefairport.is. Retrieved 21 July 2016. 
  27. ^ "Accident: Sukhoi SU95 at Keflavik on Jul 21st 2013, belly landing". Avherald.com. 
  28. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. March 2016. 
  29. ^ "ASN Wikibase Occurrence # 195078". Aviation Safety Network. 28 April 2017. Retrieved 15 May 2017. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Keflavík International Airport at Wikimedia Commons