Keikyū Airport Line
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|Keikyu Airport Line|
Haneda Airport Domestic Terminal
|Line length||6.5 km (4.0 mi)|
|Number of tracks||2|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)|
|Electrification||1,500 V DC, overhead catenary|
|Operating speed||110 km/h (70 mph)|
The Keikyu Airport Line (京急空港線 Keikyū Kūkō-sen) is a 6.5 km commuter line operated in Japan by the private railway operator Keikyu. It connects Keikyu Kamata with Haneda Airport Domestic Terminal (at Tokyo International Airport) in Tokyo, and has Airport Express (エアポート急行), Limited Express (特急, 快特) and Airport Limited Express (エアポート快特) services, virtually all of which continue along the Keikyū Main Line either north to Shinagawa Station in central Tokyo with some trains continuing onto the Toei Asakusa Line, or south to Yokohama Station and onward towards Shinzushi Station.
Keikyu operates the following different types of service, including all-stations "Local" trains.
- (普通 Futsū): Stops at all stations Lo = Local
- (エアポート急行 Eapōto Kyūkō) AE = Airport Express
- (特急 Tokkyū) LE = Limited Express
- (快特 Kaitoku) LE = Limited Express
- (エアポート快特 Eapōto Kaitoku) A = Airport Limited Express
|Keikyū Kamata||京急蒲田||0.0||●||●||●||●|||||Keikyu Main Line (through service)||Ota, Tokyo|
|Tenkūbashi||天空橋||3.3||●||●||●||||||||Tokyo Monorail (MO07)|
|Haneda Airport International Terminal||羽田空港国際線ターミナル||4.5||●||●||●||●||●||Tokyo Monorail (MO08)|
|Haneda Airport Domestic Terminal||羽田空港国内線ターミナル||6.5||●||●||●||●||●||Terminal 1: MO10, Terminal 2: MO11)Tokyo Monorail (|
On 28 June 1902, the Keihin Railway opened the 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) gauge Anamori Line from Kamata to Anamori Station (穴守駅) (close to the present-day Tenkūbashi Station), electrified at 600 V DC. In 1904, the line was regauged to 1,372 mm (4 ft 6 in) in conjunction with the regauging of the Keikyu Main Line. The entire line was double-tracked in 1910.
The line was the primary rail route to Haneda Airport (via Anamori Station) until 1945, when the airport was taken over by the United States Armed Forces. The line was converted back to single track in order to make way for a parallel freight line. Service to the airport island resumed on 20 April 1956 when the line was extended to a new Haneda Airport Station (present-day Tenkūbashi Station), and from 1 November 1963 the line was renamed the Airport Line. It was not commonly used to access the airport for many years, as frequencies were limited and no through services to central Tokyo were offered, in comparison to the Tokyo Monorail which provided direct service from Hamamatsucho to the airport terminal beginning in 1964.
Haneda Airport was significantly expanded with a new terminal in 1993, and Keikyu received government permission to serve the new terminal as the monorail alone was deemed to have inadequate capacity. From 18 November 1998, the Airport Line was extended from Tenkūbashi to Haneda Airport Station (present-day Haneda Airport Domestic Terminal Station), allowing direct service between the airport and major stations such as Shinagawa and Yokohama. Haneda Airport International Terminal Station opened on 21 October 2010.