Keiō Takao Line
|Keio Takao Line|
Between Takao and Takaosanguchi
|Line length||8.6 km|
|Track gauge||1,372 mm (4 ft 6 in)|
|Electrification||1,500 V DC, overhead catenary|
|Operating speed||105 km/h (65 mph)|
The Keio Takao line (京王高尾線 Keiō Takao-sen?) is a railway line operated by the Japanese private railway operator Keio Corporation. The line connects Kitano Station on the Keio Line, to Takaosanguchi Station, and offers access to Mount Takao at the terminal. It is 1,372 mm (4 ft 6 in) gauge, electrified at 1,500 V DC. The line originally terminated at Goryōmae to service visitors to the tomb of Emperor Taishō.
Most trains are operated through to/from Shinjuku terminal on the Keio Line.
On the Takao Line, Keio operates six different service types, with trains running through to and from the Keio Main Line.
- (各駅停車 Kakueki Teisha?) (L) Local
- (快速 Kaisoku?) (R) Rapid
- (区間急行 Kukan Kyūkō?) (SeE) Semi Express
- (急行 Kyūkō?) (Ex) Express
- (準特急 Jun Tokkyū?) (SSE) Semi Special Express
- (特急 Tokkyū?) (SE) Special Express
All stations are in Hachiōji, Tokyo.
|KO52||Takao||高尾||6.9||O||O||O||O||O||O||Chuo Line (Rapid)|
Former Goryō Line
On March 20, 1930, the Keio Electric Tramway opened the Goryō Line, a 6.3 km branch of the Keio Line, electrified at 600 VDC, between Kitano Station and Goryōmae Station. The terminus, Goryōmae, was a gateway for the tomb of Emperor Taishō.
The line had three intermediate stations: Katakura, Yamada, and Yokoyama. Yokoyama Station and Goryōmae Station were renamed Musashi-Yokoyama Station and Tamagoryōmae Station respectively in 1937. The line was single track and had a passing loop at Yokoyama Station. On weekdays, the line operated at 30 or 40 minute intervals, while at weekends it operated through trains to Yotsuya-Shinjuku Station, the Tokyo terminal of Keio at that time, at 20-minute intervals.
The Keio Electric Tramway was merged into Tokyō Kyūko Dentetsu (present-day Tokyu Corporation) in 1944. The new operator suspended operation of the Goryō Line on January 21, 1945 as a "not needed or not pressing" line, which was subject of the collection of metal for the war effort.
In 1948, Keio Teito Electric Railway (present-day Keio Corporation) was established and succeeded the former operation of Keiō Electric Tramway including the suspended Goryō Line.
During the economic boom in 1960s, Keio decided to build a new line to Mount Takao utilizing a part of the (effectively closed) Goryō Line. About 3.7 km from Kitano (to a point in Yamatamachi, Hachiōji) was to be reused and the remaining 2.6 km was officially closed in 1964.
Keio opened the Takao Line on October 1, 1967, electrified at 1500 VDC and dual track to Takao station. Among the former Goryō Line stations, Katakura Station (newly named Keiō-Katakura Station) and Yamada Station were revived.
This article incorporates material from the corresponding article in the Japanese Wikipedia
- Terada, Hirokazu (July 2002). データブック日本の私鉄 (Databook: Private Railways of Japan). Tokyo, Japan: Neko Publishing. pp. 62–63. ISBN 4-87366-874-3.
- Iijima, Masashi (July 2003). "Musashi Chūō Denki Tetsudō to Goryōsen ni tsuite". The Railway Pictorial (in Japanese) (Tokyo: Denkisha Kenkyūkai) 734 (July 2003 Extra): 127.
- Keio Corporation website (English)