Keith Medal

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Lord Kelvin's Keith medal in the Hunterian Museum, Glasgow

The Keith Medal was a prize awarded by the Royal Society of Edinburgh, Scotland's national academy, for a scientific paper published in the society's scientific journals, preference being given to a paper containing a discovery, either in mathematics or earth sciences.

The Medal was inaugurated in 1827 as a result of a gift from Alexander Keith of Dunnottar, the first Treasurer of the Society. It was awarded quadrennially, alternately for a paper published in: Proceedings A (Mathematics) or Transactions (Earth and Environmental Sciences). The medal bears the head of John Napier of Merchiston.

The medal is no longer awarded. [1]

Recipients of the Keith Gold Medal[edit]

Source (1827 to 1913): Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh

19th century
  • 1827–29: David Brewster[2], on his Discovery of Two New Immiscible Fluids in the Cavities of certain Minerals
  • 1829–31: David Brewster[2], on a New Analysis of Solar Light
  • 1831–33: Thomas Graham[3][2], on the Law of the Diffusion of Gases
  • 1833–35: James David Forbes[2], on the Refraction and Polarization of Heat
  • 1835–37: John Scott Russell[4], on Hydrodynamics
  • 1837–39: John Shaw[5], on the Development and Growth of the Salmon
  • 1839–41: Not awarded[5]
  • 1841–43: James David Forbes[2], on Glaciers
  • 1843–45: Not awarded[5]
  • 1845–47: Sir Thomas Brisbane[5], for the Makerstoun Observations on Magnetic Phenomena
  • 1847–49: Not awarded[5]
  • 1849–51: Philip Kelland[4], on General Differentiation, including his more recent Communication on a process of the Differential Calculus, and its application to the solution of certain Differential Equations
  • 1851–53: William John Macquorn Rankine[4], on the Mechanical Action of Heat
  • 1853–55: Thomas Anderson[2], on the Crystalline Constituents of Opium, and on the Products of the Destructive Distillation of Animal Substances
  • 1855–57: George Boole[5], on the Application of the Theory of Probabilities to Questions of the Combination of Testimonies and Judgments
  • 1857–59: Not awarded[5]
  • 1859–61: John Allan Broun, on the Horizontal Force of the Earth’s Magnetism, on the Correction of the Bifilar Magnetometer, and on Terrestrial Magnetism generally
  • 1861–63: William Thomson[4],on some Kinematical and Dynamical Theorems
  • 1863–65: James David Forbes[2], for Experimental Inquiry into the Laws of Conduction of Heat in Iron Bars
  • 1865–67: Charles Piazzi Smyth[4], on Recent Measures at the Great Pyramid
  • 1867–69: Peter Guthrie Tait[4], on the Rotation of a Rigid Body about a Fixed Point
  • 1869–71: James Clerk Maxwell[4], on Figures, Frames, and Diagrams of Forces
  • 1871–73: Peter Guthrie Tait[4], First Approximation to a Thermo-electric Diagram
  • 1873–75: Alexander Crum Brown[2], on the Sense of Rotation, and on the Anatomical Relations of the Semicircular Canals of the Internal Ear
  • 1875–77: Matthew Forster Heddle[2], on the Rhombohedral Carbonates and on the Felspars of Scotland
  • 1877–79: Henry Charles Fleeming Jenkin[2], on the Application of Graphic Methods to the Determination of the Efficiency of Machinery
  • 1879–81: George Chrystal[2], on the Differential Telephone
  • 1881–83: Sir Thomas Muir[4], Researches into the Theory of Determinants and Continued Fractions
  • 1883–85: John Aitken[6], on the Formation of Small Clear Spaces in Dusty Air
  • 1885–87: John Young Buchanan[2],for a series of communications, extending over several years, on subjects connected with Ocean Circulation, Compressibility of Glass, etc.
  • 1887–89: Edmund Albert Letts[4], for his papers on the Organic Compounds of Phosphorus
  • 1889–91: Robert Traill Omond[4], for his contributions to Meteorological Science
  • 1891–93: Sir Thomas Richard Fraser[2], for his papers on Strophanthus hispidus, Strophanthin, and Strophanthidin
  • 1893–95: Cargill Gilston Knott[4], for his papers on the Strains produced by Magnetism in Iron and in Nickel
  • 1895–97: Sir Thomas Muir[4], for his continued ommunications on Determinants and Allied Questions
  • 1897–99: James Burgess[7][2], on the Definite Integral ...
20th/21st century
  • 1899–1901: Hugh Marshall[4], for his discovery of the Persulphates, and for his Communications on the Properties and Reactions of these Salts
  • 1901–03: Sir William Turner[4], for A Contribution to the Craniology of the People of Scotland and Contributions to the Craniology of the People of the Empire of India
  • 1903–05: Thomas Hastie Bryce[2], for his two papers on The Histology of the Blood of the Larva of Lepidosiren paradoxa
  • 1905–07: Alexander Bruce[4], on the Distribution of the Cells in the Intermedio-Lateral Tract of the Spinal Cord
  • 1907–09: Wheelton Hind, On the Lamellibranch and Gasteropod Fauna found in the Millstone Grit of Scotland

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Keith Medal". RSE. Retrieved 17 March 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad "Former Fellows of the Royal Society of Edinburgh" (PDF). Royal Society of Edinburgh. Retrieved 29 November 2014. 
  3. ^ "News and Events". University of Strathclyde. Archived from the original on 5 December 2014. Retrieved 28 November 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af "Former Fellows of the Royal Society of Edinburgh" (PDF). Royal Society of Edinburgh. Retrieved 27 November 2014. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g "Keith Awards 1827-1890". Cambridge Journals Online. Retrieved 29 November 2014. 
  6. ^ Wikisource Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1922). "Aitken, John". Encyclopædia Britannica (12th ed.). London & New York. 
  7. ^ "Obituary-James Burgess". Scottish Geographical Magazine. 32: 535–538. doi:10.1080/14702541608541591. Retrieved 28 November 2014. 
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-06-07. Retrieved 2010-02-22. 
  9. ^ "The Royal Society of Edinburgh. Keith Prize Award". The Glasgow Herald. 2 June 1942. p. 5. Retrieved 17 March 2017. 
  10. ^ "Professor Alistair Graham FRS". Malacological Society. Retrieved 17 November 2017. 
  11. ^ a b c d e "Directory 2013/2014" (PDF). RSE. Retrieved 29 November 2014. 
  12. ^ "Douglas Samuel Jones" (PDF). Royal Society of Edinburgh. Retrieved 17 November 2017. 
  13. ^ "Professor Michael Stephen Patrick Eastham". Cardiff University. Retrieved 17 November 2017. 
  14. ^ "Professor John Bryce McLeod FRS FRSE (1929 - 2014)". University of Oxford. Retrieved 28 November 2014. 

External links[edit]