Keith Shine

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Keith Shine

Born (1958-04-19) 19 April 1958 (age 61)[1]
Scientific career
Fieldsmeteorology and climate science
InstitutionsUniversity of Reading
ThesisSome development of a zonally averaged climate model (1981)
Doctoral advisorBob Harwood
Doctoral studentsPiers Forster[2]

Keith Peter Shine (born 19 April 1958) FRS[3] is the Regius Professor of Meteorology and Climate Science at the University of Reading.[4] He is the first holder of this post, which was awarded to the university by Queen Elizabeth to mark her Diamond Jubilee.[3]


Shine was educated at Halesowen Grammar School and Imperial College London where he was awarded a Bachelor of Science degree in Physics[1] in 1978.[5] He completed his postgraduate education at the University of Edinburgh, where he was awarded a PhD in meteorology in 1981 for research supervised by Bob Harwood.[6]


Shine's research interests are in meteorology and climate science, with a focus on understanding how human activity initiates climate change.[7][8][9][10][11] He has also investigated the role played by water vapour in the Earth's energy budget, which considers the energy flows both into and away from the Earth in the form of shortwave radiation from the Sun and outgoing longwave radiation from the Earth and its atmosphere, respectively.[3]

In addition, Shine is at the forefront of identifying and quantifying radiative forcing, a way of measuring the strength of climate change mechanisms. He has been heavily involved in major United Nations' assessments of climate change and stratospheric ozone depletion, and was a lead author of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) 1995 IPCC Second Assessment Report.[3]

Prior to working at Reading in 1988, he held postdoctoral research posts at the University of Liverpool and University of Oxford.[1][5]

Awards and honours[edit]

Shine was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS) in 2009.[3]


  1. ^ a b c d SHINE, Prof. Keith Peter. Who's Who. 2016 (online Oxford University Press ed.). A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc. (subscription or UK public library membership required) (subscription required)
  2. ^ Forster, Piers Maxwell de Ferranti. (1994). Measuring and modelling UV radiation (PhD thesis). University of Reading. open access
  3. ^ a b c d e "Professor Keith Shine FRS". London: Royal Society. Archived from the original on 23 November 2015. One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from the website where:

    "All text published under the heading 'Biography' on Fellow profile pages is available under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License." –"Royal Society Terms, conditions and policies". Archived from the original on 25 September 2015. Retrieved 9 March 2016.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)

  4. ^ Allen, Myles R.; Fuglestvedt, Jan S.; Shine, Keith P.; Reisinger, Andy; Pierrehumbert, Raymond T.; Forster, Piers M. (2016). "New use of global warming potentials to compare cumulative and short-lived climate pollutants". Nature Climate Change. doi:10.1038/nclimate2998.
  5. ^ a b Keith Shine's Entry at ORCID
  6. ^ Shine, Keith Peter (1981). Some development of a zonally averaged climate model (PhD thesis). University of Edinburgh. OCLC 557250475. open access
  7. ^ Haynes, P. H.; McIntyre, M. E.; Shepherd, T. G.; Marks, C. J.; Shine, K. P. (1991). "On the 'Downward Control' of Extratropical Diabatic Circulations by Eddy-Induced Mean Zonal Forces". Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 48 (4): 651–678. doi:10.1175/1520-0469(1991)048<0651:OTCOED>2.0.CO;2.
  8. ^ Ramaswamy, V.; Chanin, M.-L.; Angell, J.; Barnett, J.; Gaffen, D.; Gelman, M.; Keckhut, P.; Koshelkov, Y.; Labitzke, K.; Lin, J.-J. R.; O'Neill, A.; Nash, J.; Randel, W.; Rood, R.; Shine, K.; Shiotani, M.; Swinbank, R. (2001). "Stratospheric temperature trends: Observations and model simulations". Reviews of Geophysics. 39 (1): 71–122. CiteSeerX doi:10.1029/1999RG000065.
  9. ^ Myhre, Gunnar; Highwood, Eleanor J.; Shine, Keith P.; Stordal, Frode (1998). "New estimates of radiative forcing due to well mixed greenhouse gases". Geophysical Research Letters. 25 (14): 2715–2718. doi:10.1029/98GL01908.
  10. ^ Shine, Keith (1999). "The effect of human activity on radiative forcing of climate change: a review of recent developments". Global and Planetary Change. 20 (4): 205–225. doi:10.1016/S0921-8181(99)00017-X.
  11. ^ Haywood, J. M.; Shine, K. P. (1995). "The effect of anthropogenic sulfate and soot aerosol on the clear sky planetary radiation budget". Geophysical Research Letters. 22 (5): 603–606. doi:10.1029/95GL00075.