Keith Stanovich

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Keith E. Stanovich is Emeritus Professor of Applied Psychology and Human Development, University of Toronto and former Canada Research Chair of Applied Cognitive Science. His research areas are the psychology of reasoning and the psychology of reading. His research in the field of reading was fundamental to the emergence of today's scientific consensus about what reading is, how it works and what it does for the mind. His research on the cognitive basis of rationality has been featured in the journal Behavioral and Brain Sciences and in recent books by Yale University Press and University of Chicago Press. His book What Intelligence Tests Miss won the 2010 Grawemeyer Award in Education. He received the 2012 E. L. Thorndike Career Achievement Award from the American Psychological Association.

Keith Stanovich
Youngstown, Ohio
NationalityUS Citizen
OccupationEmeritus Professor
Known forstudy of rationality, and study of reading development

Academic career[edit]

Stanovich has done extensive research on reading, language disabilities and the psychology of rational thought. His classic article on the Matthew effect in education has been cited over 1000 times in the scientific literature. He is the author of over 175 scientific articles, several of which have become Current Contents Citation Classics. Stanovich coined the term dysrationalia to refer to the tendency toward irrational thinking and action despite adequate intelligence. In several recent books he has explored the concept as well as the relation between rationality and intelligence. In his recent book The Rationality Quotient: Toward a Test of Rational Thinking, Stanovich and colleagues follow through on the claim that a comprehensive test of rational thinking is scientifically possible, given current knowledge.

In a three-year survey of citation rates during the mid-1990s,[1] Stanovich was listed as one of the 50 most-cited developmental psychologists. Recently, he was named one of the 25 most productive educational psychologists.[2] In a citation survey of the period 1982–1992, he was designated the most cited reading disability researcher in the world.[3]

Stanovich is also a fellow of the Committee for Skeptical Inquiry.[4]


Stanovich is the only two-time winner of the Albert J. Harris Award from the International Reading Association for influential articles on reading. In 1995 he was elected to the Reading Hall of Fame as the youngest member of that honorary society. In 1996 he was given the Oscar Causey Award from the National Reading Conference for contributions to research, in 1997 he was given the Sylvia Scribner Award from the American Educational Research Association, and in 2000 he received the Distinguished Scientific Contribution Award from the Society for the Scientific Study of Reading. He was awarded the 2010 Grawemeyer Award for Education from the University of Louisville. He was selected as a 2010 Grawemeyer Award winner for his 2009 book, What Intelligence Tests Miss: The Psychology of Rational Thought. [5] Stanovich is a Fellow of the American Psychological Association (Divisions 3 [experimental], 7 [developmental], 8 [Personality & Social], & 15 [Educational]), the American Psychological Society, the International Academy for Research in Learning Disabilities, and is a Charter Member of the Society for the Scientific Study of Reading. He was a member of the Committee on the Prevention of Reading Difficulties in Young Children of National Research Council/National Academy of Sciences. From 1986 to 2000 Stanovich was the Associate Editor of Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, a leading journal of human development.


He has had two long-term collaborators in his career, Anne Cunningham and Richard West. Stanovich and West were graduate students at the University of Michigan together. These relationships had their roots in the 1970s and the three of them still work together. Another longstanding colleague is Maggie Toplak, of York University in Toronto.


  • Stanovich, Keith E. (2021). The Bias That Divides Us: The Science and Politics of Myside Bias (1 ed.). MIT Press. ISBN 978-0-262-04575-9.
  • Stanovich, Keith E. (2016). The Rationality Quotient: Toward a Test of Rational Thinking (1 ed.). MIT Press. ISBN 978-0-262-03484-5.
  • Stanovich, Keith E. (2011). Rationality and the Reflective Mind (1 ed.). Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-534114-0.
  • Stanovich, Keith E. (2012-09-29). How to Think Straight About Psychology (10 ed.). Pearson. ISBN 978-0-205-91412-8.
  • Stanovich, Keith E. (2009-07-30). Decision Making and Rationality in the Modern World. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-532812-7.
  • Stanovich, Keith E. (2009-01-27). What Intelligence Tests Miss: The Psychology of Rational Thought (1 ed.). Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-12385-2.
  • Stanovich, Keith E. (2004-05-15). The Robot's Rebellion: Finding Meaning in the Age of Darwin (1 ed.). University Of Chicago Press. ISBN 0-226-77089-3.
  • Stanovich, Keith E. (2000-04-21). Progress in Understanding Reading: Scientific Foundations and New Frontiers (1 ed.). Guilford Press. ISBN 1-57230-565-7.
  • Stanovich, Keith E. (1999-03-01). Who Is Rational?: Studies of individual Differences in Reasoning (1 ed.). Lawrence Erlbaum. ISBN 0-8058-2473-1.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Byrnes, J. P. (1997). Explaining citation counts of senior developmental psychologists. Developmental Review, 17, 62–77
  2. ^ Smith, M. C., et al., Productivity of educational psychologists in educational psychology journals, 1997–2001. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 28, 422–430
  3. ^ Nicolson, R. I. Developmental dyslexia: Past, present and future. Dyslexia, 1996, 2, 190–207
  4. ^ "CSI Fellows and Staff". Retrieved 2 August 2013.
  5. ^ "Video interview with Keith Stanovich, winner of the 2010 Grawemeyer Award in Education".

External links[edit]